The Tower of the Winds

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The Tower of the Winds, also called horologion (timepiece), is an octagonal Pentelic marble clocktower on the Roman agora in Athens. The structure features a combination of sundials, a water clock and a wind vane. It was supposedly built by Andronicus of Cyrrhus around 50 BC, but according to other sources might have been constructed in the 2nd century BC before the rest of the forum.

The 12-metre-tall structure has a diameter of about 8 metres and was topped in antiquity by a weathervane-like Triton that indicated the wind direction Below the frieze depicting the eight wind deities — Boreas (N), Kaikias (NE), Eurus (E), Apeliotes (SE), Notus (S), Livas (SW), Zephyrus (W), and Skiron (NW) — there are eight sundials. In its interior, there was a water clock (or clepsydra), driven by water coming down from the Acropolis. Recent research has shown that the considerable height of the tower was motivated by the intention to place the sundials and the wind-vane at a visible height on the Agora, making it effectively an early example of a clocktower. According to the testimony of Vitruvius and Varro, Andronicus of Cyrrhus designed the structure.

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Comments (208)

Gaetan Martineau on April 12

Magnifique prise. Je me souviens d'avoir vu cet endroit en 2005 lors de ma visite d'Athènes. Salutations du Québec. Gaetan

Jarda cz on April 14

Πολύ ωραία φωτογραφία - χαιρετισμοί από τη Βοημία - ✰Jarda✰

elakramine on April 14

LIKE: 197 , Excellent photography !!

Greetings, Elakramine

I LIKE/NO VIEWS on April 16

LIKE 198 !!!!

Ngọc Viên Nguyễn on April 17

Very nice photo. Like 199. Greetings from Vietnam.

Imre Lakat on April 30

Great photo, I really like it !

L I K E + F A V

Best regards Imre

dana ciszewska 14 days ago

Excellent shot of an ancient site.L.Greetings.Dana

Klaus Richter 8 days ago

Excellent capture!
♥ LIKE 203
Best wishes from Cologne, Klaus

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Photo details

  • Uploaded on August 19, 2014
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by Νίκος Γεωργακόπουλος
    • Taken on 2011/04/24 10:28:08
    • Exposure: 0.002s (1/500)
    • Focal Length: 18.00mm
    • F/Stop: f/11.000
    • ISO Speed: ISO200
    • Exposure Bias: -0.33 EV
    • No flash