Methana's first settlements were set about 8000-10000 B.C. Then Methana was connected to other neighbour areas, not only because of the lower sea-level, but also because of its itsthus Canal.
The first inhabitants were hunters and fishermen. Sometimes arrow-heads can be found in the mountains of Methana (mostly obsidian from Milos volcano island).
In Mycenean (and earlier) times about 2000-1200 B.C. there were the first fortifications built at todays Paliocastro acropolis and at the Oga acropolis near Kypseli. Villages and small towns were built close to the sea coast - and subsequently destroyed when the Thera volcano erupted at 1645 B.C.( + - 25 years).
This disaster was described in myths like the one of "the death of king Saron" and "the punishment of Hippolytos by Poseidon". The downgrade of Minoan superpower on Crete helped the Mycenean heroe Theseus to overrun king Minos and capture his Minoan homeland.
The Minoan eruption at Santorini forced the inhabitants of Methana to built new sanctuaries for nature's superpower presented Poseidon as he was a sea deity.
In 1990 there was a important sanctuary of Poseidon discovered near the little town of Methana at the church of St. Constantine & Helene. The excavations brought 150 idols, a child tomb, a lot of buildings and a mycenean "megaron" to daylight.
The Methana peninsula was known in ancient times for is mineral springs and its active volcano. It was mentioned by the Roman historian and writer Pausanias. In his volume on the Peloponnese- “Corinthiakos“ - he called it “Methoni“, and Thucydides refered to it as “Metheni“.
There is a small path behind St. John's chapel which takes you to an area called "Kato Mouska" and reach ruins of ancient walls from a roman spa bath while the thermal water springs at Agios Nicolaos are still called the baths of Pausanias.
Across the narrow land strip that joins Methana to the mainland, are the remains of a defensive wall, described by Thucydides as having been built by the Athenians during the Peloponnesian wars, just to the south of this are the ruins of the 17th fort of Faviere.
All over the peninsula there are the ruins of settlements dating from the neolithic and mycenian periods.
Neolithic settlements are to be found at Chelona, Nissaki, Vathy and the isthmus. The wonderful walls of the Acropolis of the ancient city of Methana can be seen at Paleokastro- (Vathy) the majority of the city having been destroyed during the earthquake and last eruption in 240 BC . On the plain of Throni can be seen an ancient ruin.
Πολύτιμες πληροφορίες σε μια πολύτιμη φωτογραφία!!
Μπράβο Μαρίνα! Κώστας
Ευχαριστώ πολύ Κώστα, χαίρομαι που σου άρεσε!
The lake in front of the building is a mixture of water and sulphur. You can imagine the smell!
Very interesting picture!
Nice reflection of a beautiful building
Greetings from Italy, Clelia
You can smell nothing Billy because it is just a photo!!
Thank you MC for the vote, Marina
Greetings,“Gabi – My Contest’
Very beautiful photo. Nice reflection in water. Greetings from Poland
Μαρίνα, πολύ ωραία φωτογραφία.
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Photo taken in Methana, Greece
Misplaced? Suggest new location