Snowy Church

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Comments (19)

Bert Lanting Fotogra… on January 27, 2009

Mooi man Erik, wat een pracht sfeer. 't Lijkt wel een beeld uit een Charles Dickens verhaal.. Maar wat vliegt daar allemaal door de lucht? Heb je misschien op het bestand gestaan? Vroeger kreeg je krasjes op je negatief en dat heb je hier zorgvuldig nagebootst... Perfecte plaat!

Erik van den Ham on January 27, 2009

Hallo Bert je wilt niet geloven hoe mooi het was. Op onze reis naar een oud klasgenote die in Hesselager (Funen) woont gingen we via Ribe Dit is één van de oudste dorpen in Scandinavië en het oudste dus ook van Denemarken. Veel mooie, rijk gekleurde vakwerkhuizen en een binnenstad die bijna volledig onder monumentenzorg valt. We hebben hier heerlijk rond gewandeld en genoten van het prachtige plaatsje.

Toen we na het eten in een restaurantje naar buiten stapten was alles wit. De fraaie ruis zijn dus dwarrelende sneeuwvlokken.

Bedankt voor je leuke commentaar, Erik

© BraCom (Bram) on January 27, 2009

Erg fraaie opname Erik.

Groeten, Bram

Erik van den Ham on January 27, 2009

Bedankt Bram de plotselinge sneeuwbui was letterlijk een geschenk uit de hemel.

Erik

Jan de Boer on January 27, 2009

Weer een klasse foto Erik! Heel mooi verlicht die kerk en je bent een boffert met die sneeuw. Over reislust gesproken..

Groeten, Jan

Erik van den Ham on January 27, 2009

Hallo Jan,

We hebben allen erg genoten van ons korte uitstapje naar Denemarken. Met z'n vijven waren we op pad op weg naar een vriendin en oud klasgenote van mij, die in Hesselager (schiereiland Funen) woont. We hadden afgesproken haar met z'n allen een dagje te helpen in de tuin (moesten een aantal coniferen uit gezaagd worden).

Dit prachtige oude dorpje konden we met enige omweg bezoeken op onze weg daarheen. Erg fraai werd het toen we een flinke sneeuwbui kregen die het omtoverde in een sprookjes dorp.

Groeten, Erik

Erik van den Ham on January 27, 2009

Bedankt Tonia we hadden een hoop geluk want zo met een beetje sneeuw wordt het natuurlijk nog mooier.

Erik

Erik van den Ham on January 27, 2009

Ribe Cathedral

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Danish Version here)

Our Lady Maria Cathedral (Danish:Vor Frue Maria Domkirken) is located in the ancient city of Ribe on the western coast of southern Jutland, Denmark

History

Ribe is Denmark's oldest surviving city. Ribe began as an open trading market on the north bank of the Ribe River where it runs into the ocean. Danes, Norwegians, Swedes, Germans, Frisians, English and other who occasionally brought exchange goods from all parts of northwestern Europe. The landscape is flat, wind-blown and sandy without any particular fine harbor. Up until the late Middle Ages boats could sail up to Ribe on the river. Ribe Market was sanctioned by either King Agantyr (Ogendus) or King Harald Hildetand as early as 705. In Viking times Ribe was a bustling international trade center which made it an ideal starting point for Christian missionaries from Hamburg to begin the process of the Christianization of Scandinavia.

Harald Klak a co-king of Denmark was forced from Denmark by his co-king, Horik I and fled to Germany to get help from Emperor Louis. The emperor put off Harald's request and offered him the Dukedom of Frisia as a consolation prize, if he would become Christian. Harald agreed and was baptized with his wife and family and "four hundred Danes" in his company. Harald returned to Denmark in 826 to try to reclaim his lands. Harald took a priest along to continue the work of making the Danes Christian. The monk's name was Ansgar. Harald's quarrelsome nature soon asserted itself and he fled back to Frisia. Ansgar was forced to leave Denmark.

The first church in Ribe was built in 860 by the missionary monk Ansgar who went on to become Archbishop of Hamburg. It was a timber church built with the permission of King Horik I on the south side of the river across from the market. Ansgar won the confidence of the king, who had in 845 burned Hamburg, Ansgar's own city. Young King Horik II closed the church in Hedeby in reaction to the increased success of Ansgar and his companions. But Ansgar won Horik the Younger's friendship, and the church was reopened. The Danes in Hedeby and Ribe complained about the church bells which they feared might scare away the land sprites (Danish:landvaettener).

St Rimbert, who succeeded Ansgar died in 888. Following his death the mission to the Danes collapsed, the missionaries moved on, and the church was burned to eradicate any memory of the "foreign" religion.

Ribe was established as a diocese for St Leofdag, the first Bishop of Ribe, in 948 under the supervision of the Archbishop of Hamburg who was authorized by the Roman Curia to proselytize the Danes. Leofdag was murdered that same year when a Dane skewered him with a spear as he forded the river at Ribe. Although never canonized, Leofdag was revered as a local saint until the Reformation. His remains would eventually end up in Ribe Cathedral.

The first stone cathedral was begun by Bishop Thur in 1110 and completed in 1134. Tufa stone was imported from Germany to build a permanent structure, since stone in the area was not available. The cathedral was built in the Romanesque style with half-rounded arches supporting a flat timber ceiling, a typical basilica style building patterned after churches in northern Germany.

King Erik II of Denmark (Danish:Erik Emune) was murdered at the Urnehoved Assembly (Danish:Ting) in July 1137 by Chief Sorte Plov in revenge for the execution of a relative. The king was buried inside the cathedral. King Erik's short three year reign was a pause in the ongoing competition for which family would rule all of Denmark. King Erik earned the nickname "Bloody Erik" for his execution of his own brother Harald and ten (or eleven) of Harald's twelve sons. But historians call him the kinder "Erik Who ought to be Remembered" (Danish:Emune). The royal burial enhanced the cathedral's reputation.

The Ribe Cathedral school and chapter were founded by Bishop Elias in 1145. He also saw the cathedral's completion and consecration.

A terrible fire in 1176 burned the town and the new cathedral. Because it was not completely destroyed, Ribe Cathedral is Denmark's best preserved Romanesque building. The remnants of the old were blended with new construction in a new building material for the time, large red bricks. The church was enlarged so that the nave was flanked by double aisles on each side. In parts of the church, the old flat ceilings were raised and Gothic vaulting installed.

Late in the 1100s a magnificent main door way was carved for the cathedral. The relief above the door shows Jesus being taken down from the cross. About 50 years earlier a triangular relief showing the Day of Judgement was placed above the main door.

About the same time as work on restoring the cathedral was underway, the citizens of Ribe built a second wall around the town. Ribe was without question Denmark's most important trade center of the time, and the wealth that flowed to the city and the cathedral made such construction possible

In 1259 King Christoffer I of Denmark was buried at Ribe Cathedral. King Christoffer was the son of Valdemar II and was elected King of Denmark after the death of his brother King Abel in 1282. He spent much of his energy maintaining control of the kingdom from his nephew in Schleswig. He had feud with the great churchman of his day, Jacob Erlendsøn, Archbishop of Lund. The argument came down to whether the king had rights over the church and church officials. when the archbishop refused to acknowledge Christoffer's son, Erik V. The archbishop was imprisoned and when he was released, Erlendsen fled the country. King Christoffer died suddenly on 29 May 1259 after drinking poisoned communion wine which rumor said he received from Abbot Arnfast of Ryd Abbey. He was buried in Ribe Cathedral.

Just before morning mass on Christmas Day was slated to begin 1283 the northwest tower collapsed into the church and into the streets around the cathedral. Several people were killed. In its place the much larger "Commoner's Tower" was built with the idea that it would rise much higher than the other older tower. The lower parts of the tower were occupied by the church and the upper floors were used by the city for storage of records and as a watch tower. In the Danish-Swedish Wars eight cannons were hauled to the top to defend the city from attack. They actually fired at Swedish ships in 1644.

The Commoner's Tower was complete at 62 meters, capped by a copper "Rhenish helmet" including the narrow spire on the top in 1333.

Part of the cathedral burned in 1402 and brick was used to restore and expand the auxiliary buildings surrounding the cathedral.

After King Eric of Pomerania was deposed in 1439, his nephew, Prince Christoffer of Bavaria, was selected to become the regent of Denmark. Once things settled down, he was elected king by the Privy Council and proclaimed King of Denmark at the Viborg Assembly 9 April 1440. He went on to be elected King of Norway and then King of Sweden. His coronation as King of Denmark took place January 1, 1443 at Ribe Cathedral.

in 1536 Denmark officially became a Lutheran nation. The cathedral was closed and the monks who had cared for and lived near the cathedral were turned out. The cathedral was subject to vandalism and neglect.

1542 Hans Tausen, the Danish Luther, becomes the Lutheran Superintendent/Bishop of Ribe until his death in 1561. His contributions to the Reformation in Denmark are commemorated by a statue of him at the base of the Maria Tower.

1560 The last of the Catholic statues, artwork, altars, and decorations are removed and the medieval paintings were plastered over.

3 Sep 1580 The town center burned to the ground, but the cathedral was spared serious damage. Most of the houses remaining in Ribe town's center date from this period.

The Commoner's Tower partially collapsed in 1594. It was rebuilt but 10 meters lower than previously, but there was no money to add any kind of spire. It remained flat-topped. The church received a new pulpit carved by the famous Odense sculptor, Jens Asmussen.

1634 A violent storm surge on the night of 11-12 October flows into Ribe and the surrounding farm land. So many people and animals died in the storm that it was nicknamed the "Great Drowning". 8000 people were reported drowned during that single night. The surge flooded the cathedral as high as the pulpit. Later that year the cathedral was gifted a new organ to replace th old one.

1696 A new large clock was installed in the Commoners Tower.

in 1741 one of Ribe's best remembered bishops took office, Hans Adolf Brorson. His name is familiar to many Danes as the creator of the first hymnbook for the Danish Lutheran Church. His collection of hymns included eighty-five of his own. Many of them are included in the current hymnbook of the Danish National Church (Danish:Folkekirken).

1843 The deteriorating church was restored. The floor was lowered by a half meter.

1883-1904 The cathedral was completely restored. Each section was put back into its original style as far as was possible.

To commemorate the restoration of 1904 a wonderful bronze door for the main entrance was created by artist Anne Nielsen Carlsen was presented to the cathedral beneath the carved reliefs from the late 1100s.

1983-1987 The apse was redecorated by Carl Henning Pedersen. The modern designs are a stark contrast the historic nature of the building, time will tell whether Pedersen's artistic work will stand the test of time.

Contents

The towers contain six bells. The oldest surviving bell was cast in 1456 by Hinrik Dobbran, a Melchior Lucas bell, the largest in the tower, from 1599, the smallest bell from 1770 cast by JN Bieber, a Jacobus Fr. Beseler from 1847, one from 1858 cast by PP Meilstrup the Elder, and one from 1869 by PP Meilstrup the Younger.

The organ facade is from the Johan Heide organ of 1635. The organ has been expanded and updated many times, the latest in 1973. Heide was a Flensburg organ maker from 1615-1641. He was an apprentice of the royal organ maker, Nicolaus, Maas.

The main altar piece was painted by Ebbe Jehn Petersen.

The ship which hangs at the crossing is a model of the ship "Maria" by B. Cl. Jensen of Ribe.

In the restoration of the late 1800s the walls were complete cleared of the plaster layers. Unfortunately this destroyed many rich medieval fresco paintings that enlivened the walls of the cathedral before the Reformation. A painting of the Virgin and infant Jesus have been preserved in the nave and a pillar has paintings of Apostle Andrew and Bartholomew. St George and the Dragon are have been preserved in the north transept.

Several epitaphs from the past have been preserved in the cathedral. The oldest is was raised by King Valdemar for his son in 1231. In the south transept is the chapel of Admiral Albert Skeel partially in sandstone and fine wood carvings.

The epitaph for Hans Tausen hangs in the church where is buried. His grave stone was moved next to the entrance of the Commoner's Tower.

Other important gravestones have been preserved including the one for King Christoffer I from 1259. Iver Munk, the last Catholic bishop of Ribe can literally be seen as his grave stone is a portrait.

Hans Adolph Brorson is buried in the cathedral as well.

Sources

Ancient See of Ribe

Ribe Domkirken (Danish, Dutch, Deutsch, English)

Erik Emune (multi language)

Kirkeklokker i Danmark (Danish)

farangas on January 29, 2009

Nice night shot! I like the atmosphere of this church!

Greetings, Clelia

Chris10 © on January 29, 2009

Deze kerk staat er heel mooi op Erik. Zo mooi verlicht en met sneeuw. Echt een genot.

Groet, Christien.

Erik van den Ham on January 29, 2009

Hello Clelia thank you for your lovely comment.

Was ook net een sprookje Chri10 (van H.C. Anderson) om buiten te komen en te ontdekken dat de hele wereld prachtig wit is geworden. Jij bent er ook al weer vroeg bij! of heb je je bed nog helemaal niet gezien?

Greetings, Ciao, Groeten, Erik

Chris10 © on January 30, 2009

Ik had de nacht even iets verschoven... maar ben nu weer fris hoor:) Was weggeweest en daarna was de slaap over. Groet, Christien.

Erik van den Ham on January 30, 2009

Haha je hoeft mij niets te vertellen hoor! ben ook zo'n schuiver en heb gelukkig weinig slaap nodig.

Erik

My Ode to all the fantastic and creative Photographers @ Panoramio

Chris10 © on January 30, 2009

Wat breng je die 'Ode' aan je Pano-vrienden leuk aan de man Erik. Heb er even van genoten. Zie nu dat je link maar het museum ook werkt, geweldig.

Ben wel even de Balancing spider kwijt. Zou ie van zijn trapezedraad gevallen zijn? Snap het niet. Naar mijn idee vallen ze bijna nooit :-)

Groetjes, Christien.

Erik van den Ham on January 30, 2009

Denk niet dat dit sterretje het firmament heeft verlaten. De schuld moet gezocht worden bij niemand anders dan mijzelf. Onzorgvuldigheid heet dat ik beloof in het vervolg iets beter op te letten (heb me zelf al vaker betrapt het te vergeten).

Erik

Chris10 © on January 30, 2009

:-)))

Luud Riphagen on February 1, 2009

Hele mooie sfeervolle winteropname Erik, net als de andere in dit rijtje overigens.

Groeten Luud

Nico Huising on February 3, 2009

Heel mooi Erik.

Prachtige nachtfoto!

Ribe is inderdaad één van de mooiste plekken van Denemarken. Weer een mooie serie foto's uit Denemarken.

Groetjes Nico

Erik van den Ham on February 3, 2009

Hallo beste Luud heb ik toch weer je aardige berichtje gemist!

Bedankt, Nico we hebben ook een heerlijke tijd gehad daar.

Groeten, Erik

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Photo details

  • Uploaded on January 26, 2009
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by Erik van den Ham

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