Lielvirbi manor AD1870 at 2006 (Courland, Latvia), in renovation process

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Comments (6)

ainars brūvelis on January 6, 2008

Beethoven's best friend Karl Friedrich Amenda was music teacher there in 1799-1801. Beethoven's letters are addressed to this house

deadOKey on November 29, 2009

It was a school or manor?

ainars brūvelis on November 29, 2009

History of this place and manor I have since 1289.

The ground floor of this living house was built ~18th century, (with hypocaustic heating) but reconstructed and second floor was built in ~1870. Photo, ~before WWI

In beginning of century manor consist of 28 buildings, because it was large "farming manor" with own spirit distillery, mills etc. Even local "derevnja nosit" manor's name.

Karl Amenda teach only 2 children of local landlord.

In 1922 manor was nationalized, rebuilt for school needs (1936...198..). Up to mid 199.. there was library and some apartments. In 2000 it was abandoned and privatised. Due lack of investments, manor was totally destructed - photo2 , photo3.

After next change of owner, manor reconstruction is started and still in process.

deadOKey on November 30, 2009

and the period 1289 - 18th century?

ainars brūvelis on December 4, 2009

Uh... it will take some time to translate archive material from Latin (oldest one) or old German ;-)

This place appears and is mentioned (as I found) as "border land" under name of Gross Wirben (LielVirbi in Latvian) or as "land near Swentebeke" (or small river Svente, which now bears name also Virbupe). Starting from 15th century there already appears records on change of ownership.

Short "story" translated in Latvian (which I put some years ago is published here

Later I got some older references (not translated yet, since 13th century)

One sample of text related to this place (AD1493)

_Wie broder Johann Ffrydach vann deme Loringkhoue, meister to Lifflande Dutsches ordens, bekennenn unnd betugen apenbar mith dussem unsem apenen breve, dath wie mith rade unnd vulborth unser ersamenn medegebediger Johann vann Oldennbukem unnd alle synenn rechtenn warenn ervenn gegevenn unnd vorlenth hebbenn unnd mith crafft dusses breves geven unnd vorlenen twey gesynde mith twenn hakenn landes, inn dem kerspell to Talßenn inn dusser nageschrevenn schedinge belegenn: inth erste antogande ann des kerckhernn hoyslagh, dar ene kule is\ vann der kulenn vorth to ghande ann enen ekennboem, mith eynem crutcze getekent, ann Hilboldes schedinge \ vorth der schedinge to volgenn beth inn de Royenn beke \ darto noch seß gesinde inn der borchsokynge to Zabell mith achte hakenn landes, inn dusser nageschreven schedinge belegenn, Virbenn genompt: inth erste antogande ann dem Virbeschenn weghe, dar ene kule is\ vann der kulenn dorch en bro{e}ck beth ann enen ekennboem, mith enem crutcze getekenth\ vann deme bome dwers dorch dath brock beth ann enen ekenbo{e}m, ock mith enem crutcze getekent\ vann dem bome beth ann enen sypp, Windesar genometh\ dem sype tho volgende beth inn de Swenten beeke \ der beeken to volgende beth ann en sypp, Steenbecke genompt\ de Steenbecke upp to gande dorch en bro\^{e}ck beth ann denn Vitzedeschenn wegh \ dem wege to volgende, dar ene kule is\ vann der kulenn dorch de heyde ann enen sypp, Terruß genometh\ denn sypp dael to gande over denn Vitzedeschenn wech beth ann enen sypp, Malestrote genometh\ dem sype to volgende beth inn de Swentenn be{e}cke\ de Swenten becke dael to gande beth ann denn Talßschenn wech\ deme wege to volgende beth ann enen sypp, Putzenn strote genometh\ dem sype to volgende beth ann denn vorbenomdenn wech, dar sick de schedinge erstenn anhevett\ mith allerleye tobehoringe, nuth unnd bequemicheit, wo de genomet synn edder genometh mogenn werdenn, alse ann ackerenn geradet unnd ungeradeth, hoyslegenn, wesenn, weydenn, vedrifftenn, holtingenn, busschenn, woldenn, wateren, beekenn, szeen, sypenn, honichbomen, honichweydenn, visscheryenn, vogelien, unnd wor Johann vann Oldembukem unnd alle syne rechtenn waren erven mogenn recht to hebbenn, nichtesnicht butenn bescheidenn, vorthann to hebbende, to besittende, to gebrukende undt to beholdende vry unnd fredesamlickenn na leengudes rechte to ewigenn tydenn, doch bie sodanem bescheide, dath Wilmes Kabith to Swenten derteynn lo{e}pstede landes unnd eyn hoyslach vann ve{e}r kuyestedenn, inn dusser vorgeschreven schedinge belegenn, brukenn sall. Des tor tuchnisse der warheith hebbenn wie unse ingesegill undenn ann dussenn breff latenn hangenn, de gegeven is to Wendenn des mandages vor Pinxstenn inn denn jarenn unses Hernn dusenthve{e}rhunderth darna im dreundtnegentichstenn jare.

REF: OM. Johann Freitag von Loringhoven belehnt Johann von Altenbockum und seine Erben mit 2 Gesinden und 2 Haken Landes im Kirchspiel Talsen sowie mit 6 Gesinden und 8 Haken Landes in der Burgsuchung Zabeln, genannt Wirben, jeweils in beschriebenen Grenzen zu Lehngutsrecht. Wenden, 1493 Mai 20

SRC: Riga, Hist. StaatsA., Best. 5561, Fb. 4, Akte 147; GStAPK, VIII. HA B 24: Sammlung Stavenhagen Urk. Nr. 159

PBL: Herder Institut

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Photo details

  • Uploaded on December 19, 2006
  • Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works
    by ainars brūvelis
    • Camera: Canon EOS 30D
    • Taken on 2006/12/13 11:52:39
    • Exposure: 0.010s (1/100)
    • Focal Length: 18.00mm
    • F/Stop: f/6.300
    • ISO Speed: ISO400
    • Exposure Bias: 0.00 EV
    • No flash

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