The history of Limousin cattle may very well be as old as the European continent itself.
Cattle found in cave drawings estimated to be 16,000 years old in the Lascaux Cave near Montignac, France, have a striking resemblance to today's Limousin.
These golden-red cattle are native to the south central part of France in the regions of Limousin and Marche.
The terrain of the homeland has been described as rugged and rolling with rocky soil and a harsh climate.
Consequently, the growing of field crops was very difficult at best and emphasis was placed on animal agriculture.
Limousin cattle, as a result of their environment, evolved into a breed of unusual sturdiness, health and adaptability.
This lack of natural resources also enabled the region to remain relatively isolated and the farmers free to develop their cattle with little outside genetic interference.