THE ANCIENT PEARL – NESSEBAR
In The List of World Cultural Heritage in 1983.
Nessebur is situated on a small Peninsula linked with the mainland by a narrow 400 m long isthmus. A port in Thracian times, at the end of the 6th century b. c. the Dorian Greeks turned it into a lively trade centre while preserving its Thracian name of Mesambria.
Dating back to the 12th-6th century b. c. are a gate and the now submerged remains of the town's former fortifications. Other remains include the ruins of fortress walls and carved limestone towers, archaeological remnants of the agora in the centre, the acropolis, an ancient temple, the peristyle and of several dwellings.
Unaffected by Roman rule, the town existed independently before it became part of Byzantium, together with the entire Balkan Peninsula. The most important monument surviving from Byzantine times is the St. Sophia Basilica, also known as the Old Metropolitan (rising in the place of the ancient agora).
Within the boundaries of the Bulgarian state during the 13th and 14th century, when the country was at its strongest both politically and economically, experiencing a cultural upsurge, Nessebar was A town of the 40 churches (built during the 11th to 14th century). Preserved until the present of these are: the New Metropolitan - St. Stefan, St. John the Baptist, St. Todor, St Paraskeva, St. Christ Pantocrator, St. John Aliturgetos, and the Sts. Archangels Michael and Gabriel church.
The New Metropolitan or St. Stefan (11th c.) is one of the last representatives of basilicas in mediaeval Bulgaria with perfectly preserved murals dated 1593 and 1599. Some of the compositions are influenced by Italian paintings but maritime themes and subjects are nevertheless characteristic.
St. John the Baptist (10th-11th c.) represents the transition between a basilica and cross-domed church.
St. Christ Pantocrator is one of the best-preserved mediaeval churches in Bulgaria. The exterior facades are decorated with colourful ceramics depicting different motifs.
Similar in shape, but with richer decoration and sculptures is the St. John Aliturgetos church. Its facades are intricately broken by pilasters and arches with rhythmically alternating white stone and red bricks.
The St. Archangels church has extremely picturesque facades with two rows of decorative blind arches, the upper row being broken by large semi-circular gables.
On the whole, the mediaeval Nessebar churches are characterized by intricate decorative elements and combinations of stone and bricks, by immured glazed ceramic discs and fourleaved rosettes. Niches, consoles and arcades also break the facades.
The houses, which lend their peculiar 19th century air to present day Nessebur, were built during the Bulgarian National Revival period. The typical 18th-19th century Nessebur house have small yards facing the street, which is demarcated by the walls of the lower floors and fences. A wooden staircase leads up to the second floor, which is lightly structured and completely faced with wood. The overhanging roof eaves serve to optically narrow the streets still further. The parlour from which numerous doors lead to the remaining rooms occupies the central living quarters. Wooden ceilings and whitewashed walls characterize the interior. The upper floor windows are wide, those on the ground floor are narrow and few in number. The Ivan Markov, Pipchepkov, Capt. Pavel Bogotov, Zhelyu Bogdanov, Lambrinov, Toulev, Diamandiev, Hadjitraev, Hristo Kochev and Muskoyannis houses are all worth seeing. The Lambrinov and Muskoyannis houses, in particular, have richly decorated facades and interiors.
Nessebur's intransient value and its centuries-old cultural wealth have gained due recognition with its inclusion In The List of World Cultural Heritage in 1983.
The World of Mimi - Friendship Overland
Grazie Mimi , per farci conoscere con questa tue ottime foto, tanti luoghi del tuo bellissimo paese.
un caro saluto, marco
Mi associo a quello detto da Marco.Brava.
Mimi thank you for beautiful photos and interesting information, and for the link to your website - it's great! Greetings from Lithuania, Jurgis
Grazie mille Marco & Marco per i vostri gentili commenti! Sono contenta che vi sono piacute le foto e luogo. In fatti e molto bello, c'e da girare un po li, ed é molto interessante. Se si va li in estate si deve sapere che e pieno di gente, come un uovo, sempre di piu. Per questo Io preferisco in estate andare lontano da li, di solito un po piu sud du Burgas.
Many thanks Jurgis for your very kind comment and visit in my gallery. I am glad you liked it!
My Best Wishes to all of you,
><((((º> Mimi <º))))><
thank you for all the interesting information to your lovely country! A picture always looks better when you can understand the background to it. A lovely picture with lots of depth and wonderful blue skies! Best wishes, susan
Thank you very much Susan! I am thinking that this is the way we should present our pictures here.
And here, in this picture, you can see the past and the present.
People should know their past to prepare to understand well the future they wish for their children!
All My Best Wishes,
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Photo taken in 8230 Nessebar, Bulgaria
Misplaced? Suggest new location