THE ANCIENT PEARL – NESSEBAR
In The List of World Cultural Heritage in 1983.
Nessebur is situated on a small Peninsula linked with the mainland by a narrow 400 m long isthmus. A port in Thracian times, at the end of the 6th century b. c. the Dorian Greeks turned it into a lively trade centre while preserving its Thracian name of Mesambria.
Dating back to the 12th-6th century b. c. are a gate and the now submerged remains of the town's former fortifications. Other remains include the ruins of fortress walls and carved limestone towers, archaeological remnants of the agora in the centre, the acropolis, an ancient temple, the peristyle and of several dwellings.
Unaffected by Roman rule, the town existed independently before it became part of Byzantium, together with the entire Balkan Peninsula. The most important monument surviving from Byzantine times is the St. Sophia Basilica, also known as the Old Metropolitan (rising in the place of the ancient agora).
Within the boundaries of the Bulgarian state during the 13th and 14th century, when the country was at its strongest both politically and economically, experiencing a cultural upsurge, Nessebar was A town of the 40 churches (built during the 11th to 14th century). Preserved until the present of these are: the New Metropolitan - St. Stefan, St. John the Baptist, St. Todor, St Paraskeva, St. Christ Pantocrator, St. John Aliturgetos, and the Sts. Archangels Michael and Gabriel church.
The New Metropolitan or St. Stefan (11th c.) is one of the last representatives of basilicas in mediaeval Bulgaria with perfectly preserved murals dated 1593 and 1599. Some of the compositions are influenced by Italian paintings but maritime themes and subjects are nevertheless characteristic.
St. John the Baptist (10th-11th c.) represents the transition between a basilica and cross-domed church.
St. Christ Pantocrator is one of the best-preserved mediaeval churches in Bulgaria. The exterior facades are decorated with colourful ceramics depicting different motifs.
Similar in shape, but with richer decoration and sculptures is the St. John Aliturgetos church. Its facades are intricately broken by pilasters and arches with rhythmically alternating white stone and red bricks.
The St. Archangels church has extremely picturesque facades with two rows of decorative blind arches, the upper row being broken by large semi-circular gables.
On the whole, the mediaeval Nessebar churches are characterized by intricate decorative elements and combinations of stone and bricks, by immured glazed ceramic discs and fourleaved rosettes. Niches, consoles and arcades also break the facades.
The houses, which lend their peculiar 19th century air to present day Nessebur, were built during the Bulgarian National Revival period. The typical 18th-19th century Nessebur house have small yards facing the street, which is demarcated by the walls of the lower floors and fences. A wooden staircase leads up to the second floor, which is lightly structured and completely faced with wood. The overhanging roof eaves serve to optically narrow the streets still further. The parlour from which numerous doors lead to the remaining rooms occupies the central living quarters. Wooden ceilings and whitewashed walls characterize the interior. The upper floor windows are wide, those on the ground floor are narrow and few in number. The Ivan Markov, Pipchepkov, Capt. Pavel Bogotov, Zhelyu Bogdanov, Lambrinov, Toulev, Diamandiev, Hadjitraev, Hristo Kochev and Muskoyannis houses are all worth seeing. The Lambrinov and Muskoyannis houses, in particular, have richly decorated facades and interiors.
Nessebur's intransient value and its centuries-old cultural wealth have gained due recognition with its inclusion In The List of World Cultural Heritage in 1983.
The World of Mimi - Friendship Overland
Excellent photo and very interesting commentary about this very important site.
I am amazed by the close proximity of the many dwellings that surround this historic ruin. It deserves to have greater prominence and space!!
Best wishes Mimi ;>)
You are welcome Bruce, thanks.
Thanks for your kind comment Cieja0!
Many thanks my friend James Bond! Yes there are really many structures of very old dwellings in my native country Bulgaria! Unfortunately many of these places were ruined during the long rule by the turkish sultans. So, now Bulgaria have to show only these historic ruins.
But there are people in the world who appreciate also this and I hope a day many of these people who still did not discovered Bulgaria will go there and will find one really nice country with nice climate, people, places to visit, enjoy and to make a fun!
My Best Wishes,
><((((º> Mimi <º))))><
Greetings Mimi, thank you so much for the feed-back.
I know how much you love your Bulgaria, it shows in all your photos ;>)
If ever I have the opportunity to travel again to Europe, Bulgaria will be at the top of my itinary.
Warm wishes Mimi ;>)
Many thanks my friend Jim! Your words give a satisfaction that I am doing well my mission in this world. Yes, I love my native country not because now I am so far from there but because of it is, and not because of politics because I have lots to say and I hate politic.
Bulgaria for me is really a wonderful place for living, travel and enjoy in the way you like! The only bad thing there is that lots of our culture monuments, buildings and others was destroyed and government don't give money to archeologists to discover and open new archeological places.
And if a day you decide to go in Bulgaria and if you ever need some information about my native country ask me for free!
It is a great pity that the money could not be found to investigate your past history Mimi.
Perhaps, in time, the realisation of just how important the heritage of Bulgaria is to its people and the rest of the world will come to the fore. This will become more pressing when the Bulgarian Politicians understand that the tourist industry, and the countries economy, can benefit hugely from discovering the past and allowing public access to all the historical sites.
My own country benefits enormously from the many hundreds of thousands of tourists who arrive in the UK to enjoy our heritage and visit so many museums, sites of great antiquity, archeological remains, old ruins, castles, Abbeys, and National parks. The past is so important Mimi, for knowing the past helps us to understand better the future.
Yes Jim, you are absolutely right about the last one you wrote. "We should know our past well to understand better the future". Something like this in different way I already said in my web site in the part About.
You just don't understand me wrong. We already have many places to show and visit in Bulgaria, the government already did something. I have photos in my web site showing many of the most interesting places in my native country, you can see them. Politics also knows very well that there is a big future in the tourism and they are making money in their pockets you cannot imagine. If you went to Bulgaria 10 years ago and if you go there now you will see really enormous amount of big hotels in our Black see, in the winter resorts and now also the wild places in the mountains (it is horrible). Soon (if it is not a reality now) in Bulgaria will be more than 2 beds for every person living there. You can imagine!!! No comment!
Some of archeological remains were already discovered but there are many other places to work for. For example nearby my native city Nova Zagora there are between 5 and 10 different places waiting to be discovered. From time to time there going some Japanese and Dutch, paying for this and dig the earth in this places. But then after we are obligated to give them some of the things they find there. It is pity! It is very pity that government don't give money to Bulgarians to do this work. And believe me there are many people without work that could be happy to do this. And so why young people are going abroad to work and surviving.
Well I know I cannot change this world! And if I cannot change the world at least I can show The World of Mimi! :-)
My Best Wishes my dear Friend,
Hi Bruce! Meanwhile I was writing to Jim you wrote too. Many thanks my friend that you appreciate this place too. It is not for nothing that it is in the list of UNESCO World Heritage! More you will read just up I wrote to Jim!
Splendido reportage da Nessebar, complimenti Mimi.
Ciao un saluto, Sandro & Cristina
Grazie mille Sandro & Cristina! Sono contenta che vi e piacuto!
Saluti da Torino,
Thank you very much Angel!
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Photo taken in Nessebar, Bulgaria
Misplaced? Suggest new location