A view of No.1 Gun Position of St Martin's Battery, Western Heights Dover. The gun mounting and traversing ring can be seen as a circle of vertical rods on the ground just right of center. Gun Position 2 and Gun Position 3 are to the right.
Also see the shifting lobby, the rear access road, and one of the commanding views from St Martins Battery over Dover Harbour and the English Channel beyond (albeit shrouded in fog in this shot).
The building of St Martin's Battery began circa 1870 to counter the threat of a French invasion. The Battery was then 're-modelled' in 1940 during the Second World War.
1870 construction is identified by yellow brickwork, that of 1940 by red.
St Martin's Battery is only a very small part of the fortifications on this part of the North Downs - click on Western Heights and then check the tag list for all the locations covered (eg Drop Redoubt, Grand Shaft, North Entrance, North Center Bastion - more will be added as time goes on).
Also see St Martin's Battery
Work began on Dover's Western Heights fortifications in the 1770s and was intensified, first in the early 1800s because of Napoleon I (Napoleon Bonaparte), and again in the mid-Nineteenth Century because of Napoleon III (originally known as Charles Louis Napoleon Bonaparte).
"Dover in World War Two: 1942 (1) is a ten minute British Ministry of Information film, released by the US Office of War Information, and narrated by the American journalist, Edward R. Murrow.
The video contains a short clip of a gun similar to those of St Martin's Battery 0:07:03 in (a probably staged) action.
The whole video can be seen at Dover in World War Two: 1942 or choose one of the other pre-selected entry points:
Dunkirk Evacuation 0:00:40
Winston Churchill 0:01:22
The Mayor 0:05:49
Dover Town Hall 0:06:25
St Martin's Battery 0:07:03
Pencester Gardens 0:09:41
Click to see a frame from the above-mentioned video showing the 1942 shore battery.
NB A high resolution (relatively speaking, that is) version of the video is now available at Dover in World War Two: 1942 or, again, choose one of the pre-selected entry points:
St Martin's Battery 'Look-A-Like' 0:07:03
The commanding view that the guns of St Martin's Battery had over the harbour is shown in the RNLB 17-38 Daniel L Gibson Relief Lifeboat, Tidal Harbour, Dover Marina, UK photo, and to a lesser extent, also in the The Heltborg at Dolphin Hard, Dover Marina Tidal Harbour, UK photo.
John Latter / Jorolat
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Photo taken in Dover, Kent, UK
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