Sergeant John Monger 1860 Memorial Obelisk, Cowgate Cemetery, Dover, Kent, UK

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John Latter on October 7, 2009

The well-known feature of the Sergeant John Monger memorial obelisk in Cowgate Cemetery Nature Reserve, Dover, UK, is inscribed:

In memory of Sergeant John Monger who was killed by the bursting of a gun at Arch Cliff Fort on the evening of August 9th 1860. Aged 32 years.

This monument was erected by small subscriptions from the garrison, volunteers, visitors, and residents of the town.

The other fatality of the accident was Lieutenant Thompson who has a wall memorial plaque inside St Andrew`s Church, Shepherdswell (aka Sibertswold), near Dover.

Arch Cliff Fort is now more commonly known as Archcliffe Fort.

The obelisk is the logical centre of Cowgate Cemetery as it stands beside the crossing of the middle pathway (from where the photo was taken) and the central traverse pathway (which, from this viewpoint, runs up the right-hand side of the photo towards The Mowll Family Vault).

Five images of Cowgate Cemetery Nature Reserve were uploaded in 2007. This latest batch were all taken on Friday, 18th of September, Monday, 21st of September, or Sunday, 27th of September, 2009 (see 'Extra Information' under Photo Details in the right-hand column for camera details).

Click on the Cowgate tag to see more photos (and/or watch the YouTube video linked to below).

Standard Info

The Victorian Cowgate Cemetery is an approximate rectangle whose maximum dimensions are 150 x 70 yards. It slopes uphill from east to west with the western boundary wall (the longest) set into the lower slopes of the Western Heights.

There are three long pathways running north to south: western, middle, and eastern. To reflect the fact the cemetery is on a slope, these will be correspondingly referred to as the upper, middle, and lower pathways.

From east to west there are the five shorter pathways: northern boundary, northern traverse, central traverse, southern traverse, and an irregular southern boundary pathway. For simplicity (although it might not seem so!), most positional references references will be given in terms of the three traversing pathways.

In other words, the burial areas of the cemetery are set out in a 4 v 2 grid pattern with a row of family vaults running along the upper boundary wall.

Abridged extracts from the plaque just inside the main (north) entrance:

Dover's Cowgate Cemetery is named after the medieval gate which allowed townspeople to graze their animals on the lower slopes of the Western Heights.

The land, over two acres in extent, was donated by William Mowll and consecrated in 1835 by the Archbishop of Canterbury (William Howley) as an extension to the Parish churchyard (St Mary`s).

The layout of the cemetery is attributed to Stephen Geary, the architect who designed London's Highgate Cemetery.

In 1990 the Wildlife Conservation Community Program (WCCP) discovered a small population of the Garden Dormouse (Eliomys quercinus) living in the cemetery. The Garden Dormouse is not 'officially' recorded as living in Britain.

Click to see a YouTube Video of Dover`s Victorian Cowgate Cemetery (part of which shows the exterior of the 'empty coffin' vault).

For more information see The Dover Society - Cowgate Cemetery Project and Cowgate Cemetery Volunteers.

John Latter / Jorolat

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Photo details

  • Uploaded on October 5, 2009
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by John Latter
    • Camera: PENTAX Corporation PENTAX K100D
    • Taken on 2009/09/18 11:38:20
    • Exposure: 0.010s (1/100)
    • Focal Length: 31.00mm
    • F/Stop: f/5.000
    • ISO Speed: ISO200
    • Exposure Bias: 0.00 EV
    • No flash

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