Crevecoeur's Tower, Godsfoe's Tower, Treasurer's Tower, Dover Castle, Kent, UK (1)

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John Latter on December 13, 2009

The northern end of Dover Castle's western outer curtain wall showing (from left to right) Crevecoeur's Tower, Godsfoe's Tower, a Second World War gun position (the rectangular opening above the buttress), and Treasurer's Tower.

The photo was taken from Constable's Road which leads to Constable`s Gate, the pedestrian entrance to the grounds of Dover Castle.

Extracts from "The History of the Town and Port of Dover and of Dover Castle (With a Short Account of the Cinque Ports)", Volume 2. Dedicated by the Reverend John Lyon, Minister of "Saint Mary`s", on April 21st, 1814, and published the same year:

Clopton Tower, now Treasurer's Tower

The next tower in the curtain, was built by John de Fienes (alt. Fiennes), of an irregular haxagonal figure. The front without the curtain is divided into three equal parts, but the sides within the wall are larger than the exterior. The Constable (of Dover Castle) gave the manor of Clopton, in Norfolk, to repair and defend it.

A person by the name of Clopton, held it by the service of castle-guard, and it has either been called after him, or the name of the manor.

In the reign of Edward the Fourth, this tower was in a runious state, and he rebuilt it from the foundation, ast his own expense. When Stephen de Pencester was Constable of the Castle, he appointed the apartment in this tower to the treasurer's use. He had his office here; and the records of the Castle were preserved in this tower in the reign of Edward the Sixth; but by some strange neglect or inattention of the principal officers, the apartment was plundered by a person called Levenste, who took the books and the parchments from the shelves, and piled them up in front of the building, and burnt them...

...Levenste was disappointed in finding his competitor, John Monyings, preferred before him to the office of lieutenant govenor; and he determined to show his resentment, by depriving posterity of having recourse to the records of passed ages.

Arms of Clopton - Sable, a bend ermine, between two cotized dancette, or.

Godsfoe Tower

The next tower in the curtain wall was built by Fulbert de Dover, who gave the manor of Sentling, for the keeping ward in it.

Nicholas Veraund was appointed to this tower; and his successor, Godsfoe, gave his name to it.

As they had neither of them any historian to record their fame, or their family; or any herald to emblazon their arms, their names will probably perish with the tower they once defended.

Crevequer's Tower, now Crevecoeur's Tower

The next tower in the curtain is a round one, built by Robert Crevequer, one of the confederate knights. He held of the King, in capite, five knights' fees, by castle-guard tenure.

Hamo Crevequer, the father of this Robert, accompanied Duke William to England; and he was appointed, by the King, sheriff of Kent for life. He was also steward of the King's household; and he possessed several lordships and manors in Kent, at the time of the general survey (ie the Domesday Book).

(Another) Hamo Crevequer, a descendant of this great family, in the eighteenth year of the reign of Henry the Third, married Matilda, or, as some say, Maud, the daughter and sole heiress of William de Albrincis (see the Avranches Tower photo), who brought with her a considerable landed estate; and he was called the Great Baron of Kent...

... The name of this family became extinct in the reign of Edward the First. Arms - Or, on a fetty sable, on a chief gules.

Cranville commanded in this tower, but he was probably only a substitute, appointed by Crevequer; as it does not appear that he held any lands by castle-guard tenure, and there is little known either of him or his family.

Extract from An Archaeological Desk-Based,Assessment of Connaught Barracks, Page 32:

Between Treasurer’s and Godsfoe Towers is a position for a (Second World War) 6pdr AT ("anti-tank") gun. It is behind the Castle outer curtain wall enclosed by a square, concrete block structure. The rectangular embrasure is cut through the Castle curtain wall.

Dover Castle is an English Heritage site.

Abridged from The English Heritage Trail:

Dover Castle

Guardian of the 'Gateway to England', Dover Castle displays a solid strength and determination that has obviously carried it through many troubled times. Proudly standing atop the White Cliffs, overlooking this busy port, Dover Castle has withstood the test of time remarkably well throughout its long and eventful history. Dover Castle, as it stands today, dates from the rebuilding work during Henry II's reign, but the site has been of vital importance since the Iron Age. The first castle at Dover was probably an Anglo-Saxon fortress and, on the arrival of William the Conqueror, the existing fortifications were improved with the building of an earthwork castle. This Norman 'motte' (mound) which supported the castle is today known as 'Castle Hill'.

Work began on Dover Castle in the latter part of the 12th century with the construction of the Keep (or Great Tower) - the largest in Britain - and is entered through a forebuilding more substantial than any other built before or since. At each corner of the Keep lies a buttress turret, and mid-way along each wall is a pilaster buttress. Four storeys high, the Keep comprises a basement, first floor, and a second floor that spans two storeys, the upper level of which is a mural gallery that can be seen today at the end of the Great Armour Hall. The second storey provided the royal accommodation, and the first floor, based on a similar plan to the second, contained rooms with a much less elaborate decor. All floors were connected by staircases set in the north and south corner turrets.

Providing the entry staircase, and two chapels, is the magnificent forebuilding. It is interesting to note the decor of the chapels - the lower chapel of a Gothic style, and the upper chapel late Norman and richly decorated. From outside of the Keep, the significance of the three-towered forebuilding can be fully appreciated, as it can be seen travelling along the eastern wall of the Keep and turning at the corner of the southern wall. It was around this stronghold that the concentric castle was developed and work was completed mid-13th century.

Dover Castle appears in "Dover in World War Two: 1942", a ten minute British Ministry of Information film, released by the US Office of War Information, and narrated by the American journalist, Edward R. Murrow.

John Latter / Jorolat

Dover Blog: The Psychology of a Small Town

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Photo details

  • Uploaded on December 13, 2009
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by John Latter
    • Camera: PENTAX Corporation PENTAX K100D
    • Taken on 2009/12/10 13:56:05
    • Exposure: 0.004s (1/250)
    • Focal Length: 28.00mm
    • F/Stop: f/8.000
    • ISO Speed: ISO200
    • Exposure Bias: 0.00 EV
    • No flash

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