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Siebensteinhäuser (Grab B)

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Holger Rix on April 29, 2010

Siebensteinhäuser (Grab B)

Chambered Tomb in Lower Saxony.

The Siebensteinhäuser (sometimes 'Sieben Steinhäuser') are amongst the most prominent megalithic tombs in Germany. (Seven Stone Houses) There are in fact only five tombs, allthough they have been called the seven even in the very first papers, dated back to 1720. This can be explained by the typical german use of the word 'seven' for 'a lot', even today some might say 'Meine sieben Sachen' (My seven things) for 'all of my things' or 'a lot of my things'.

The five tombs are very close together, the biggest distance (Tomb A and E) is just under 200m. The area belonged to the village of Oberndorfmark, until in 1934 the Nazies planned to establish a military training area as part of the military re-armament of the German Reich.

Quote Wikipedia: Due to the sparse population and the varied landscape this area was selected for creating the largest exercise area for Germany's armed forces, the Wehrmacht. In spite of opposition from the local population, within a few years 3,635 inhabitants in 25 villages had to leave their homes.

The area is in military use up until today, the Bergen-Hohne Training Area (German: Truppenübungsplatz Bergen-Hohne) is a NATO military training area. The only public access route to the dolmens begins at a barrier in Ostenholz, about 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) southeast of the Walsrode autobahn interchange. The access road runs for several kilometres through the out-of-bounds area of the military training area. It is regularly cleared of any spent ammunition from the ranges. The site is only accessible on days when no exercises are taking place i.e. at weekends and on public holidays between 8 am and 6 pm.

More Quotes from Wikipedia:

The Sieben Steinhäuser gravesite was established around 2500 BC during the neolithic funnelbeaker period by the first settled farmers. The large gravesite, Grave D, shows similarities to French gravesites, the other four are like those of the Elbe-Weser Triangle.

Although they are traditionally called the Sieben Steinhäusern ("seven stone houses") there are actually only five graves. Because an old illustration from 1744 still shows only five graves, it is assumed today, that the number seven is being used in the figurative sense for a larger number, as in the German expression sieben Sachen ("seven things") which means 'everything'. The first written record of the graves was made in 1720 by an academic. The regional author, August Freudenthal, contributed to their fame in the 19th century. Even then it was a popular tourist destination.

Description of the graves

The burial chambers are all rectangular and aligned in a northeast-southwest direction. Their capstones are not of bay construction, but almost always supported by three or four points of contact. The largest of the dolmens has a capstone measuring 16 by 14 feet (c. 5 m by 4¼ m) and is supported by seven upright support stones.

All the graves were originally covered with earth, so that they would looked like earth mounds or tumuli. Over the course of time the earth was eroded by wind and weather, so that the stones became visible again. Four graves were excavated and restored between 1924 and 1937.

In 1958 the graves were enclosed by protective earthen walls several metres high. They protect the gravesites from shell damage, because the site is located in the middle of a military training area.

Grave B

Grave B is also composed of four supporting stones along the sides, but unlike Grave A, there are also four capstones. One is very narrow and placed between them like a lintel (Jochstein). The internal size of the chamber is 7 x 2,2 m. Of the entrance in the middle, only the southern pillar remains.

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  • Uploaded on April 29, 2010
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    by Holger Rix