Santiago de Guayaquil, or just Guayaquil IPA: is the largest and the most populous city in Ecuador, as well as that nation's main port. Guayaquil is on the west margin of the Guayas River, which flows into the Gulf of Guayaquil in the Pacific Ocean. Guayaquil is at 2.21°S 79.90°W, about 250 km south-southwest of the capital of Ecuador, Quito. According to the most recent census (2001), its population was 2,189,865. However, the estimated metropolitan population was 2,908,338.
: this picture was taken in the low income southwestern region of Guayaquil, right next to "estero salado", definitely far away from Babahoyo river where it´s placed now.
— City —
Santiago de Guayaquil
Nickname(s): La Perla del Pacífico
Location in Ecuador
Coordinates: 2°11′S 79°53′W
Canton Guayaquil (canton)
- Mayor Jaime Nebot (PSC)
- City 1,214.4 km² (468.9 sq mi)
- Land 785.6 km² (303.3 sq mi)
- Water 428.8 km² (165.6 sq mi)
- City 1,985,379
- Density 1,634.8/km² (4,668/sq mi)
- Metro 2,489,865
Time zone ECT (UTC-5)
Guayaquil (pronounced [waʝaˈkil]), officially Santiago de Guayaquil, is the largest and the most populous city in Ecuador, as well as that nation's main port. Guayaquil is on the west margin of the Guayas River, which flows into the Gulf of Guayaquil in the Pacific Ocean. The climate is hot and generally dry. Though during El Niño years rainfall is very heavy between January and April and flooding usually occurs, from May to December and outside El Niños, there is almost no rain as the city is influenced by the Humboldt Current. Fog is a normal occurrence during the dry months, so that sunshine hours are actually a little higher during the "wet" season.
Guayaquil is at 2.21°S 79.90°W, about 250 km south-southwest of the capital of Ecuador, Quito. According to the most recent census (2001), its population was 1,985,379. However, the estimated metropolitan population was 2,489,865.
Guayaquil is the capital of the Ecuadorian province of Guayas and the seat of the namesake canton. (In Ecuador, a cantón (canton) is a second-order subnational entity below a first-order province.)
The city is the center of Ecuador's fishing and manufacturing industries.
The city's new airport, José Joaquín de Olmedo International Airport (IATA airport code: GYE), though using the same runways, had its passenger terminal completely rebuilt in 2006 and was renamed. The old passenger terminal is now a convention center.
Guayaquil's waterfront around 1920.
Guayaquil was founded on July 25 (see note below), 1538 with the name Muy Noble y Muy Leal Ciudad de Santiago de Guayaquil by Spanish Conquistador Francisco de Orellana. Even before it was founded by the Spanish, it already existed as a native village.
Note - July 25 is the legal holiday in Guayaquil. Historians have not yet reached a consensus about the date of Guayaquil's foundation or founder. The city might have been founded more than once. Another possible founder might be Diego de Almagro.
In 1600 Guayaquil had a population of about 2,000 people; by 1700 the city had a population of over 10,000.
In 1687, Guayaquil was attacked and looted by English and French pirates under the command of George d'Hout (English) and Picard and Groniet (Frenchmen). Of the more than 260 pirates, 35 died and 46 were wounded; 75 defenders of the city died and more than 100 were wounded. The pirates took local women as concubines. Quito paid the ransom demanded by the pirates with the condition they release the hostages and not burn Guayaquil.
Monument depicting the meeting between Simón Bolívar and José de San Martín.
In 1709, the English captains Woodes Rogers, Etienne Courtney, and William Dampier along with 110 other pirates, looted Guayaquil and demanded ransom; however, they suddenly departed without collecting the ransom after an epidemic of yellow fever broke out.
In October 9, 1820, almost without bloodshed, a group of civilians supported by soldiers from the "Granaderos de Reserva", a battalion quartered in Guayaquil, overwhelmed the resistance of the Royalist guards and arrested the Spanish authorities. Guayaquil declared independence from Spain, becoming Provincia Libre de Guayaquil, and José Joaquín de Olmedo was named Jefe Civil (Civil Chief) of Guayaquil. This would prove to be a key victory for the Ecuadorian War of Independence.
On July 26, 1822, José de San Martín and Simón Bolívar held a famous conference in Guayaquil to plan for the independence of Spanish South America.
The city suffered from a major fire in 1896 which destroyed large portions of the city.
The city has been invaded by the Peruvian Military on two occasions: in 1829 and 1860.
Guayaquil at present
World Trade Center Guayaquil.
Intersection of av. Nine of October and Panama, in the center of Guayaquil.Climate chart for
J F M A M J J A S O N D
temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm
The Guayaquil of today continues its tradition of trade, although the city is expanding its tourism base, by beautifying the city and an improvement in the self-esteem of the citizens. This process has taken years, comprising the last two municipal administrations. Despite having few historic buildings, renovations and expansions of levees, squares, parks, and some districts have turned to Guayaquil into a national and international tourist destination. It is now a headquarters for fairs and international events.
The main source of income for guayaquileños are formal and informal trade, business, agriculture and aquaculture; trade in the vast majority of the population consists of SMB, adding an important informal economy occupation that gives thousands of guayaquileños employment.  Despite this, Guayaquil is the city with the highest rate of underemployment (about 40% of the economically active population) and unemployment (about 11% of the economically active population) of Ecuador.
Guayaquil maintains an infrastructure for import and export of products with international standards. Among its major trading points are the Seaport, the largest in Ecuador and one of the biggest influx of shipping on the shores of the Pacific and José Joaquín de Olmedo International Airport. Additionally, it has an infrastructure of roads to other cities and provinces, which are considered the best in the country.
Ongoing projects seek urban regeneration as a principal objective to the growth of the city's commercial districts, as the increase of capital produces income. These projects in the city driven by the recent mayors have achieved this goal after investing large sums of money. The current municipal administration aims to convert Guayaquil into a place for first-class international tourism and business multinationals. 
Guayaquil's current mayor (alcalde) is Jaime Nebot [ˈxai.me ne.ˈβot], a well-known member of the political party Partido Social Cristiano. Jaime Nebot began a campaign of construction projects for the city in the late 1990s to attract tourism, that included the "urban regeneration", which reconstructed the city in all levels including sidewalks, parks, sewer system, it took the power and telephone lines underground, it saw a lot of reconstruction of the city's chaotic transit system with the construction of multiple infrastructures (streets, speedways, overhead passages, tunnels, etc.).
In August 2006, the city's first bus rapid transit system, Metrovía, opened to provide a quicker, high-capacity service. One of the main projects was called Malecón 2000 [ma.le.ˈkon ðoz ˈmil], the renovation of the breakwater (malecón) along the Guayas River with the addition of a boardwalk in 2000. Another project was the creation of the Nuevo Parque Histórico, a park in a housing development area that is called Entre Ríos because it lies between the Daule and Babahoyo rivers (which confluence to form the Guayas river), in a mangrove wetland area. The park cost the city about 7 million dollars. It is a refuge for fauna and a zone of historical-architecture preservation, and has a traditions-and-history exhibition center. The idea of the creation of this park came from Ecuador's central bank in 1982, as part of their "Rescate Arquitectónico" ("Architectural Rescue") program.
Sectors of Guayaquil CityTerritorial organization of Guayaquil City
Number of the sector in reference with the City Map
# Sectors # Sectors # Sectors
1 9 de Octubre Este 25 Febres Cordero 49 Prosperina
2 9 de Octubre Oeste 26 Floresta 50 Puerto Azul Norte
3 Abel Gilbert 27 La Florida 51 Puerto Azul Sur
4 Acuarela 28 García Moreno 52 Puerto Lisa
5 Los Álamos 29 Garzota 53 Quinto Guayas Este
6 Alborada Este 30 Guangala 54 Quinto Guayas Oeste
7 Alborada Oeste 31 Guasmo Este 55 Río Guayas
8 Los Almendros 32 Guasmo Oeste 56 Roca
9 Las Américas 33 Huancavilca 57 Rocafuerte
10 Atarazana 34 Isla Trinitaria 58 La Saiba
11 Ayacucho 35 Kennedy 59 Samanes
12 Bastión Popular 36 Letamendi 60 San Eduardo
13 Batallón del Suburbio 37 Luz del Guayas 61 Los Sauces
14 Bellavista 38 Mapasingue 62 Simón Bolívar
15 Bolívar 39 Miraflores 63 Sopeña
16 Los Ceibos 40 Monte Bello 64 Sucre
17 Centenario 41 Olmedo 65 Tarqui
18 Cerro del Carmen 42 Las Orquidias Este 66 Unión
19 Cóndor 43 Las Orquidias Oeste 67 Urdenor
20 Cuba 44 Paraíso 68 Urdaneta
21 Del Astillero 45 Pascuales 69 Urdesa
22 Estero Salado 46 Pedro Carbo 70 Los Vergeles
23 Los Esteros 47 Las Peñas 71 Ximena
24 La FAE 48 La Pradera
According to the most recent census (2001), its population was 1.985.379.Historical Populations Guayaquil City
Compared with Guayas Province, Canton of Guayaquil, and Guayaquil City
Census Guayas Province Canton of Guayaquil Guayaquil City
1950 582.144 331.942 258.966
1962 979.223 567.895 510.804
1974 1.512.333 907.013 823.219
1982 2.038.454 1.328.005 1.199.344
1990 2.515.146 1.570.396 1.508.444
2001 4.509.034 2.148.779 1.985.379
Source: Instituto Nacional de Estadisticas y Censos
Percentage Population Growth of Guayaquil City
Compared with Guayas Province, Canton of Guayaquil, and Guayaquil City.
Census Guayas Province Canton of Guayaquil Guayaquil City
1950-1962 4,34% 4,49% 5,67%
1962-1974 3,77% 4,06% 4,14%
1974-1982 3,52% 4,50% 4,44%
1982-1990 2,63% 2,10% 2,87%
1990-2001 2,49% 2,38% 2,50%
Source: Instituto Nacional de Estadisticas y Censos
Bandera: Arroz con bistec de carne y puré
Typical Guayaquil cuisine includes encebollado (one of many typical seafood soups), ceviche, arroz con menestra y carne (rice and beans with grilled or fried beef), patacones (twice-fried plantain slices), and pan de yuca (bread made from cassava), and llapingachos, fried potato cakes with cheese.Depending where you stay and if you want a night snack, there are usually people out in carts selling morocho and papi-pollo.
Ecuador is known for its artists and its place in art history. Many of them were born in Guayaquil, such as:
Museum of Anthropology and Contemporary Art (MAAC), near the breakwater (photo taken in 2000).
Félix Arauz (b. 1935, Guayaquil)
Xavier Blum Pinto (b. 1957, Guayaquil)
Theo Constanté (b.1934, Guayaquil)
Araceli Gilbert (b. 1913, Guayaquil - d. 1993, Quito)
Julio Jaramillo (b. 1935, Guayaquil - d. 1978, Guayaquil)
Luis Lara (b. 1945, Guayaquil)
Luis Miranda (b. 1932, Guayaquil)
Luis Molinari (b. 1929, Guayaquil)
Enrique Tábara (b. 1930, Guayaquil)
Jorge Velarde (b. 1960, Guayaquil)
Rony Vera (b. 1965, Guayaquil)
Juan Villafuerte (b. 1945, Guayaquil; d. 1977, Barcelona, Spain)
Jaime Villa (b. 1934, Guayaquil)
Branch of the Ecuadorian Central Bank (Banco Central del Ecuador or BCE) in Guayaquil (December 8, 2004).
Other notable people from Guayaquil include:
animator Mike Judge
poets José Joaquín de Olmedo and Adalberto Ortiz
Frederick Ashton, dancer and choreographer
pioneer of theater/radio/film and famous actor and director Paco Villar
scholar Benjamín Urrutia
former world's oldest person Maria Capovilla
violinist Jorge Saade
former actor Albert Paulsen
operatic soprano Beatriz Parra Durango,
rapper Gerardo Mejia, made famous during the early 90s for his song "Rico Suave"
tennis player Pancho Segura who in 1950 and 1952 was the world's Co-No. 1 player
Andrés Gómez, who won the ATP Championship of Roland Garros in Paris, France in 1990
the mother of spoken word poet Emanuel Xavier
David "Guayaco" Villacís - Number 4 of 7 founders for Sigma Lambda Beta International Fraternity Inc. Tau Beta Chapter
Guayaquil has a cathedral and many other Roman Catholic churches. There is a Temple and many chapels of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Many other faiths and religions are represented throughout the city.
Barcelona's Stadium Estadio Monumental The Second Largest Stadium in South America.
There are two major soccer clubs. The Barcelona Sporting Club and the Club Sport Emelec. Both clubs have their own stadiums, The Estadio Monumental Isidro Romero Carbo is the home of the "Barcelonistas" while the Estadio George Capwell is the home of the "Emeleccistas". These two teams have a long history of rivalry in Guayaquil and when these two teams play against each other the game is called "El Clásico del Astillero". (Emelec is short for "Empresa Electrica del Ecuador" - the team was sponsored by the electric power company when founded.)
The city is also the home of Nicolas Lapentti, an active tennis player that is top 100 at the Current ATP Race.
The "Abierto de Tenis Ciudad de Guayaquil" is a tennis tournament organized in Guayaquil every year by Andrés Gómez and Luis Morejon in November of every year.
Another major event in the city is the Guayaquil Marathon, organized by DM3, which is held every year on the first weekend of October since 2005. These race is certified by the (AIMS)Association of International Marathons and Distance Races.
Some of Guayaquil's main universities are:
Escuela Superior Politécnica del Litoral
Universidad de Especialidades Espíritu Santo UEES
Universidad de Guayaquil
Universidad Católica de Santiago de Guayaquil
Universidad Laica Vicente Rocafuerte
Universidad Casa Grande
Universidad Santa Maria
Blue Hill College
Brookdale Community College
Universidad Del Pacífico
IGACD-Institute of Graphics Arts and Digital Science
Las Peñas Neighborhood.
The Malecón 2000 is a restoration project of the historic Simon Bolivar Pier. It will be a symbolic center of the city, a mix of green areas and shopping.
The Palacio Municipal is located in front of the Malecón and holds the political offices of city and provincial officials. Built in a neoclassical style, it is considered one of the most important architectural works in the country.
Las Peñas Neighborhood in the northeast corner of the city's center, is the artistic center of the city. Many of the area's 400-year-old houses have been converted into art galleries and several notable artists have studios in the area.
The Mercado Artesanal is the largest artisan market in the city. The market is housed in a 240-shop building that takes up the entire block of Baquerizo Avenue, between the streets Loja and Juan Montalvo. Its many vendors sell indigenous crafts, jewelry, and paintings.
Parque Centenario is located on the street 9 de Octubre, between Lorenzo de Garaycoa and Quito. This is the largest park downtown, occupying four city blocks. It offers shady refuge from the equatorial sun, with large trees arching over the walkways and lawns. A large Statue of Liberty dominates the central area of the park.
Parque Seminario (also known as Parque de Las Iguanas or Iguana Park) located on 10 de Agosto Avenue and Chile, is home to many iguanas, some of which approach 5 feet in length. Tourists and locals alike often feed the iguanas mango slices from park vendors. There is also a pond filled with colorful Japanese Tilapia. An equestrian statue of Simón Bolívar is located in the center of the park.
Bahia is a popular marketplace for toys, clothing, electronic goods, DVDs, and CDs.
A strong image that makes the "Perla of Pacifico" sound like a joke...Happy weekend
Thanks you kostas papantoniou for comment, but don't correct understand you
Sign up to comment.
Sign in if you already did it.
Photo taken in Sargento César Alonso Villacis, Guayaquil 090209, Ecuador
Misplaced? Suggest new location