Gross Rosen was opened in 1940 and was initially intended to be a sub-camp, however it was soon designated with Concentration Camp status.
The Gross Rosen Concentration Camp was located in Poland, just outside a village of the same name. The camp was approximately 40 miles from Wroclaw in the south-west of Poland.
The camp was built by prisoners from other concentration camps, once completed in 1940 the first prisoners were forced to work in the nearby quarries stone quarries which were owned and operated by the SS.
When the camp was first opened, most of the prisoners in Gross Rosen were Polish and detained as political prisoners, only a small proportion of these prisoners were Jewish. As the war progressed, the numbers of prisoners in the camp swelled dramatically, leading to unsanitary conditions from massive overcrowding. From late 1943 onwards, tens of thousands of Jews were sent to Gross Rosen, most of whom were Polish, however there was significant numbers of Jewish prisoners transported from other Nazi-occupied territories such as Hungary and Austria. Some prisoners arrived from other camps such as Auschwitz after going through the selection process of who was deemed fit to work and who was not. In this period also, the Wehrmacht had captured large numbers of Russian POWs who were transported to a number of different camps, including Gross Rosen, most Russian POWs were executed on arrival at concentration camps.
Although Gross Rosen itself was initially opened as a sub-camp; not long after its status was changed to a concentration camp and it had its own massive network of sub-camps. As the Second World War progressed, Nazi Germany’s demand for armaments and other goods increased massively, and concentration camp inmates were the main source of labour for producing these goods. It is thought that there was almost a hundred sub-camps associated with the main Gross Rosen camp containing thousands of prisoners forced to work in horrific conditions for some of Nazi Germany’s most powerful companies.
Gross Rosen Concentration Camp had a large population of female prisoners; in fact it had the third largest female population after the Ravensbruck and Stutthof camps. It is significant as women prisoners are normally the first victims of selection processes at camps. However one of the main subcamps at Gross Rosen contained a large textile factory, which was where a good proportion of the women in the camp worked. By the beginning of 1945 it has been estimated that approximately one-third of the prisoner population at Gross Rosen were women, and the vast majority of whom were Jewish.
In early 1945, as the Red Army were advancing from the east through Nazi-occupied territory, the German forces began evacuating Gross Rosen and its subcamps. All prisoners who were physically able to walk were forced on death marches to other camps in Nazi Germany. Others prisoners were transported to camps such as Flossenburg and Neuengamme by rail. A number of prisoners died during these transports, and any deemed too sick or weak were shot on the spot my SS guards. By February 1945, Soviet forces had reached Gross Rosen and liberated the camp.
imagine that serve to remember
Dit mag nooit vergeten worden,voor de hele reeks like.
Very good composition and B&W picture. I can not imagine what was happening inside.
..UNA SERIE IMPRESSIONANTE ,OTTIMA,LIKE E UN SALUTO TIZ
thanks for visit and kind comments, cheers,
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Bella serie, yuk e ottima la scelta del b&w per questo tema.
Very nice shot!
Best regards from Changhong Chen!
grecik grazie Grecik del complimento ciao!
Changhong Chen Thanks for Your visit ! Cheers,
It is a very nice picture. LIKE. Regards from Bucharest, Daniel
Best Wishes, Liam
Bilder von KZ's machen mich immer betroffen und traurig!
Gut, dass es diese Mahnmale noch gibt!
NIE WIEDER FASCHISMUS! NIE WIEDER KRIEG!
Sad photo ,but it is not allowed to forget it how we shall be allowed to learn from his past mistakes!
Best wishes from Hungary
Good picture of terible place! Like
vdaniel many thanks for visit
((Ospr3y)) thank you!
angelofruhrcity thanks for Your comment
Licskai72 I agree with You! Thanks a lot for Your comment
Yuriy Kvach thanks
Danliel thank you,
Excellent composition...>>L9<<, AntonioJVidaL.
AntonioJVidaL thanks a lot!
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Photo taken in Gross-Rosen Museum in Rogoźnica, Ofiar Gross Rosen 26, 58-150 Barycz, Poland
Misplaced? Suggest new location