Nafplio or Nafplion is a town in the Peloponnese, the capital of Argolida and the main port in the eastern Peloponnese. According to the 2001 census was 13,822 inhabitants. It is one of the most picturesque cities in the country, and was the capital of the Greek state in the years 1828-1833.
Nafplion is known for Bourtzi small fortress built on an islet in the harbor, for Palamidi, Venetian fortress dominates the city, Acronafplia (in Turkish Itch Kale), another Venetian fortress on a peninsula of the same name and as a place of murder of Capodistrias, the first governor of modern Greece.
According to Greek mythology in place of the city founded by Nauplius the Nafplia which was fortified with Cyclopean walls. Archaeological findings prove the existence of the city from the Mycenaean years already.
Nafplion is a popular destination for residents of Athens and the Peloponnese, as it is a bit from both areas. The beautiful buildings of the city is the palace Armansbergk (residence of the viceroy of Greece Armansbergk) and the Archaeological Museum at Syntagma Square. The city also operates branch of the National Gallery.
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Palamidi, a fortress in Nafplio, which was constructed in 1687 by the Venetians, after the occupation of the hill, which is, after a fierce battle against the Ottomans at the Venetian-Turkish War. The hill on which, is a height of 216 meters and the ascent to Palamidi done, either through road, or via a staircase with 999 steps. In 1715, during the last Venetian-Turkish War, the Ottomans conquered once blew up part of it. During the Greek Revolution of 1821 the Turks Palamidi barricaded themselves in, but on 30 November 1822, the Greeks captured after a battle involving Staikos Staikopoulos, Moschonissiotis and 300 men. After the Revolution, Palamidi served as a prison, where the 1833 Theodore Kolokotronis was imprisoned and was released 11 months later, after the example of King Otto.
(Translated from Wikipedia)