Iran - Azarbayjan - Khoy - Shams Tabrizi's Tomb - Informaton in Page 1

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Vahid Rastegari on May 3, 2011

محمد بن علی بن ملک‌داد تبریزی، ملقب به شمس‌الدین، یا شمس تبریزی (۵۸۲-پس از ۶۴۵ هجری قمری) از صوفیان مشهور سدهٔ هفتم هجری است. سخنان وی را که در مجالس مختلف بر زبان آورده، مریدان گردآوری کرده‌اند که به نام «مقالات شمس تبریزی» معروف است.

از زندگی شمس تبریزی و احوال شخصی او تا آنگاه که مقالات شمس کشف شد خبر مهمی در دست نبود. قدیمی‌ترین مدارک درباره شمس، ابتدانامه سلطان ولد و رساله سپهسالار است که گفته «هیچ آفریده‌ای را بر حال شمس اطلاعی نبوده چون شهرت خود را پنهان می‌داشت و خویش را در پرده اسرار فرو می‌پیچید».[۲] در کتاب مقالات اگر چه شمس تبریزی به شرح احوال و معرفی پیشینه خود نپرداخته‌است اما می‌توان او را از میان توصیفات و خاطرات بازشناخت، توصیفاتی که او به مناسبت‌های گوناگون درباره افراد و اقوال مطرح می‌کند.

درباره پدر و مادر شمس تبریزی آن قدر می‌دانیم که او در مقالات آنها را به نازک‌دلی و مهربانی توصیف می‌کند و اینکه آنها شمس را نازپرورده کرده بودند: «این عیب از پدر و مادر بود که مرا چنین به ناز برآوردند.» شمس در جایی درباره پدر خود می‌گوید: «نیک مرد بود... الا عاشق نبود، مرد نیکو دیگر است و عاشق دیگر...» [۳] «پدر از من خبر نداشت. من در شهر خود غریب، پدر از من بیگانه، دلم از او می‌رمید. پنداشتمی که بر من خواهد افتاد. به لطف سخن می‌گفت، پنداشتم که مرا می‌زند، از خانه بیرون می‌کند»[۴]

شمس تبریزی در محضر استادانی چون شمس خویی (یا خونجی) تحصیل می‌کرده است. او سپس به سیر و سلوک پرداخت و در نزد پیران طریقت، بزرگانی چون پیر سله‌باف و پیر سجاسی، به کسب معرفت پرداخت. شمس تبریزی چنان که از مقالات او بر می‎آید از برخی از بزرگان زمان خود نیز تأثیر پذیرفته بود، و از آن میان نام‌های شهاب هریوه (اندیشمند خردگرا)، فخر رازی، اوحدالدین کرمانی و محی‌الدین ابن عربی در مقالات شمس آمده است.

Vahid Rastegari on May 3, 2011

Schams-e Tabrizi (* in Täbriz; † 1248 in Khoy) (persisch ‏ شمس تبریزی‎) war ein persischer Mystiker und Lehrer von Dschalal ad-Din ar-Rumi (Rumi) in Konya. Dieser widmete ihm den Diwan-e Schams-e Tabrizi. Nachdem der wandernde Sufi Schams-e Tabrizi mehrere Jahre in Konya zusammen mit Rumi gelebt hatte, verließ er die Stadt und reiste nach Khoy, wo er sich bis zu seinem Tode niederließ. Seine Grabstätte befindet sich ebenfalls dort.

Vahid Rastegari on May 3, 2011

Shams-i-Tabrīzī or Shams al-Din Mohammad (died ca.1248) was a Persian Muslim,[4] who is credited as the spiritual instructor of Mawlānā Jalāl ad-Dīn Muhammad Balkhi, also known as Rumi and is referenced with great reverence in Rumi’s poetic collection, in particular “Diwan-i Shams-i Tabrīzī” (The Works of Shams of Tabriz). Tradition holds that Shams taught Rumi in seclusion in Konya for a period of forty days, before fleeing for Damascus. The tomb of Shams-i Tabrīzī has recently nominated to be a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

According to Sipah Salar, a devotee and intimate friend of Rumi who spent forty years with him, Shams was the son of the Imam Ala al-Din. In a work entitled Manāqib al-‘arifīn (Eulogies of the Gnostics), Aflaki names a certain ‘Ali as the father of Shams-i Tabrīzī and his grandfather as Malikdad. Apparently basing his calculations on Hajji Bektash Wali's Maqālāt (Conversations), Aflaki suggests that Shams arrived in Konya at the age of sixty years. However, various scholars have questioned Aflaki’s reliability.

Shams received his education in Tabriz and was a disciple of Baba Kamal al-Din Jumdi. Before meeting Rumi, he apparently traveled from place to place weaving baskets and selling girdles for a living.[6] Despite his occupation as a weaver, Shams received the epithet of “the embroiderer” (zarduz) in various biographical accounts including that of the Persian historian Dawlatshah. This however, is not the occupation listed by Hajji Bektash Wali in the ”Maqālat” and was rather the epithet given to the Ismaili Imam Shams al-din Muhammad, who worked as an embroider while living in anonymity in Tabriz. The transference of the epithet to the biography of Rumi’s mentor suggests that this Imam’s biography must have been known to Shams-i Tabrīzī’s biographers. The specificities of how this transference occurred, however, are not yet known

Shams’ encounter with RumiIn 1244, a man in black suit from head to toe, came to the famous inn of Sugar Merchants of Konya. His name was Shams Tabrizi. He was claiming to be a travelling merchant. As it was said in Hajji Bektash Wali's book, "Makalat", he was looking for something. Which he was going to find in Konya. Eventually he found Rumi riding a horse.

One day Rumi was reading next to a large stack of books. Shams Tabriz, passing by, asked him, "What are you doing?" Rumi scoffingly replied, "Something you cannot understand." On hearing this, Shams threw the stack of books into a nearby pool of water. Rumi hastily rescued the books and to his surprise they were all dry. Rumi then asked Shams, "What is this?" To which Shams replied, "Mowlana, this is what you cannot understand."

A second version of the tale has Shams passing by Rumi who again is reading a book. Rumi regards him as an uneducated stranger. Shams asks Rumi what he is doing, to which Rumi replies, "Something that you do not understand!" At that moment, the books suddenly catch fire and Rumi asks Shams to explain what happened. His reply was, "Something you do not understand

After several years with Rumi in Konya , Shams left and settled in Khoy. As the years passed, Rumi attributed more and more of his own poetry to Shams as a sign of love for his departed friend and master. In Rumi's poetry Shams becomes a symbol of God's love for mankind; Shams was a sun ("Shams" means "Sun" in Arabic) shining the Light of God on Rumi.

DeathShams Tabrizi died in Khoy and is buried there. His tomb has been nominated as a World Cultural Heritage Center by UNESCO.[9] A saint by the name of Shams-i Tabrīzī is also buried at Multan, Pakistan. The tomb stone clearly indicates it is the same Shams-i Tabrīzī, who was the spiritual mentor of Rumi. But this is wrong actually this tomb belongs to Hazrat Pir Shamsuddin Sabzwari Multani who is the pir of the Ismaili spiritual and theological school.

Vahid Rastegari on May 3, 2011

Shams ed Dîn Tabrîzî, Chamseddine Tabrizi ou Shams-e Tabrîzî (en persan : شمس تبریزی) était un mystique soufi iranien né à Tabriz en Azerbaïdjan iranien, mort en 1248. Il est responsable de l'initiation de Jalâl ud Dîn Rûmî, aussi connu sous le nom de Rûmî, Mevlana ou Molana au mysticisme islamique, et a été immortalisé par le recueil de poèmes de Rumi intitulé Diwan-e Shams-e Tabrîzî ("Les travaux de Shams de Tabriz"). Shams et Rûmî vivaient ensemble à Konya, aujourd'hui en Turquie, pendant plusieurs années, et on sait aussi qu'il a voyagé à Damas, actuellement en Syrie. Certains pensent qu'il serait mort assassiné par des disciples de Rûmî.

Hooshang Farahani on May 3, 2011

Welcome to panoramio i like it and i add you.

Alireza Javaheri on May 4, 2011

yadesh be kheyr safare khubi bud

yek akse kaj o kole az in hamzaman gereftam

fekr konam behtare beram peydash konam va baresh daram

chon in kheyli behtar shode

Mahdi Shabihzadeh on May 7, 2011

عكس خيلي خوبي گرفتين ،

شما رو به ليست دوستان اضافه كردم

سلامي گرم از خوي

like-4 +YS

H. Lotfi-Azad on May 23, 2011

یک کار خیلی زیبا

لایک

Vahid Rastegari on June 4, 2011

mrc aghayan lotfi and mehdi

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Photo details

  • Uploaded on May 3, 2011
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by Vahid Rastegari
    • Camera: BENQ DC2410
    • Taken on 2008/10/14 14:01:21
    • Exposure: 0.025s (1/40)
    • Focal Length: 5.60mm
    • F/Stop: f/2.900
    • ISO Speed: ISO200
    • Exposure Bias: 4.50 EV
    • Flash fired

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