Athens, the temple of Olympian Zeus - JUL. 2011 CONTEST.

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The Temple of Olympian Zeus or Olympieion is a major temple in central Athens. Although construction began in the 6th century BC, although not completed on the Roman Emperor Hadrian in the 2nd century AD. It was the largest temple in Greece during the Hellenistic and Roman times.

The temple is located southeast of the Acropolis, and approximately 700 meters from the center of Athens. The foundation of the first temple in the area, was built by the tyrant Pisistratus in 515 BC but the work was abandoned when Pisistratus's son, Hippias was ostracized in 510 BC.

During the Athenian democracy, the temple was left unfinished, apparently because the Greeks of the classical period thought it hubristic to build on such a scale. In his “Politics”, Aristotle cited the temple as an example of how tyrannical regimes are forcing people to deal with huge projects, leaving their time, energy and responses.

The work was in the 3rd century BC during Makedonikis domination in Greece under the auspices of the Hellenistic king Antiochus IV Epiphanes, who entered the Roman Cossutius architect to design the largest temple in the known world. When Antiochus died in 164 BC, the construction of the temple stopped again.

In 86 BC after Greek cities were brought under Roman rule, the general Sylla took two columns from the unfinished temple to Rome to decorate the temple of Jupiter on the Capitoline Hill. These columns have influenced the spread of the Corinthian style in Rome.

The 2nd century BC the temple was completed in 129 AD (Or 131 AD according to others) finished by the Emperor Hadrian was a great admirer of Greek culture.

The temple was built by marble from Penteli (mountain approximate to Athens) and was 96 feet long on the sides and 40 meters in the eastern and western facade. He had 104 Corinthian columns, each 17 meters high, 2.6 meters in diameter and weighs 364 tonnes. 48 columns stood in triple rows under the pediments and 56 in double rows at the edges. Only 15 of these columns remain standing today. A gale threw a column in 1852, located in the same spot.

Hadrian dedicated the temple to Zeus. Also erected a huge gold and ivory statue of Zeus in the center of the temple. The pediments were decorated with many statues, but also to the whole temple there were statues and busts of famous men. The Athenians, to show their gratitude to Hadrian built his statue behind the temple. Unfortunately none of the sculptures that adorned the temple has survived. It is not known exactly when the temple was destroyed, but assumed that like other large buildings in Greece, probably destroyed by an earthquake during the mediaeval period and the ruins were used to construct other buildings.

(from Wikipedia)

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Comments (259)

Christos Theodorou on October 11, 2011

peacemaker453354 - Many thanks for your visit and comments. Kind regards from Athens

geotsak☺ on November 27, 2011

Πολύ καλό πανόραμα!!! Α-157!!!

Πολλούς χαιρετισμούς:-)

Christos Theodorou on November 27, 2011

geotsak☺ - Γιώργο, ευχαριστώ θερμά για τη επίσκεψη και το σχόλιο.

M.Böcherer on February 16, 2012

Wonderful old architecture and really nice shot!


Best Regards, Manfred

Christos Theodorou on February 16, 2012

M.Böcherer - Many thanks for your visit and comments. Kind regards from Athens

febrok korbef on September 25, 2012

Beautiful historic monument. Terrific shot! L

Greetings febrok

Christos Theodorou on September 26, 2012

© febrok - Many thanks for your visit and comments. Kind regards from Athens

starMAN on December 4, 2012

An amazing view, hope one day could be there to see by myself.

Cheers, MAN

Christos Theodorou on December 4, 2012

starman79 - Many thanks for your visit and comments - Friendly greetings from Athens

c. bayernengel on February 2, 2013

tolles Bild ♥ like. ♥
Liebe ♥ Grüße sendet dir, der bayernengel. ❀

Christos Theodorou on February 3, 2013

bayernengel - Many thanks for your visit and comments - Friendly greetings from Athens

McSky on July 17, 2013

Outstanding photo of such a powerful site. Like.


Christos Theodorou on July 17, 2013

McSky - Many thanks for your visit and comments - Friendly greetings from Athens

Gena Polozhinskiy on November 21, 2013

Nice ancient architecture, very beautiful place!

Christos Theodorou on November 21, 2013

Gena Polozhinskiy - Many thanks for your visit and comments - Friendly greetings from Athens

Christos Theodorou on February 22, 2014

theSergeant Gonzalez - Many thanks for your visit and comments – Best regards from Athens

Christos Theodorou on October 2, 2014

It’s so simple : Do you want Panoramio alive ? Sign the petition form and spread please this link. We need minimum 10.000 signatures !

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È così semplice : Vuoi viva Panoramio ? Firma la petizione e diffondere per favore questo link. Abbiamo bisogno di minimo 10.000 firme !

Είναι τόσο απλό : Θέλετε το Panoramio να επιβιώσει ? Υπογράψτε την αίτηση και διαδώστε τον σύνδεσμο αυτό. Χρειαζόμαστε 10.000 υπογραφές !

petrkold on March 17, 2015

Here is formed the history of mankind.

Christos Theodorou on March 17, 2015

petrkold - Many thanks for your visit and comment – Best regards from Athens

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Photo details

  • Uploaded on June 2, 2011
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by Christos Theodorou
    • Camera: SONY DSLR-A350
    • Taken on 2011/04/21 19:06:52
    • Exposure: 0.002s (1/500)
    • Focal Length: 26.00mm
    • F/Stop: f/5.000
    • ISO Speed: ISO100
    • Exposure Bias: 0.00 EV
    • No flash