Athens, Acropolis view from Forum Romanum

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The Acropolis of Athens is a rocky hill of 156 meters from the sea and 70 meters around the level of the city of Athens. The top of the trapezoid-shaped length of 300 m and a maximum width of 150 m. The hill is inaccessible from all sides except the west, where lies the fortified entrance, decorated with brightly Propylaea.

It was found that the hill was inhabited from the 3rd millennium BC. From the 6th century BC were built up in this holy of Athens, as Hekatompedon others, destroyed during the Persian wars.

The rebuilding of the walls and temples began immediately after the defeat of the Persians in 465 BC, the time of Pericles. Under the supervision of Phidias and the architects Mnesikles, Kallikrates and Callimachus were built and decorated the Parthenon, the Erechtheion, the Propylaea and the Temple of Athena Nike.

During the Roman period added some minor structures. During the Byzantine era, the Parthenon was converted into a Christian church. During the Frankish church was Catholic, and during the Ottoman mosque.

During the Ottoman period, the Acropolis suffered the most damage. The Turks were storing gunpowder on it and gave rise to destroy monuments. In 1645 a thunderbolt which fell onto the gunpowder blew the Propylaea. In 1687, when the Acropolis besieged the Venetian Morosini, one of the bombs fell on the gunpowder was stored in the Parthenon and the temple destroyed.

Extensive damage caused by the British Lord Elgin just before the Revolution of 1821. He can dismantle the Parthenon frieze, metopes, pediments, a Caryatid and a column of the Erechtheion, which moved to England. For all that he paid 35,000 pounds to the Turks and the Athenians gave a clock, erected in the ancient market. During the War of 1821 the Citadel was besieged in turn by Greeks and Turks, and suffered further damage. In 1834, archaeological work began to restore the monuments.

(from Wilipedia).

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Comments (208)

Tuấn CaNon on October 1, 2011

Very nice photo and nice place. Like

Greetings from Vietnam

Christos Theodorou on October 1, 2011

Tuấn CaNon - Many thanks for your visit and comments. Kind regards from Athens

Christos Theodorou on October 10, 2011

Rafael Z.P. - Many thanks for your visit and comments. Kind regards from Athens

Ulli Koch on December 31, 2011

Beautiful night shot, fantastic scenery!

A Happy New Year


Christos Theodorou on December 31, 2011

zahniulli - Many thanks for your visit and comments – Best Wishes and Happy New Year - Kind regards from Athens

Christos Theodorou on January 12, 2012

DelValleObeso - Many thanks for your visit and comments - Kind regards from Athens

Transit_PO on November 1, 2013

Beautiful night capture! L&F!

Christos Theodorou on November 1, 2013

Transit_PO - Many thanks for your visit and comments – Friendly greetings from Athens

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Photo details

  • Uploaded on June 18, 2011
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by Christos Theodorou
    • Camera: SONY DSLR-A350
    • Taken on 2011/04/21 21:37:13
    • Exposure: 0.125s (1/8)
    • Focal Length: 18.00mm
    • F/Stop: f/4.500
    • ISO Speed: ISO400
    • Exposure Bias: 0.00 EV
    • No flash