Canterbury Tornado 60163 Steam Locomotive, Dover Priory Rail Station, Kent, UK

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John Latter on September 8, 2011

The LNER A1 Class 4-6-2 no 60163 Tornado Steam Locomotive venting steam while stationary at Platform 1 of the Victorian Dover Priory Railway Station, England.

The steam is partially obscuring The Priory Hotel on the far side of Priory Station Approach Road. The houses to the right of the pub front onto Priory Gate Road, the western border to Dover College. The flat-roofed white building towards top-left is Dover Priory Booking Hall.

The photo was taken from the road-bridge on Folkestone Road at 5.47 pm on Saturday, June the 18th, 2011, after making a small detour from a cycle ride around town (1).

Also see the BR Britannia Class 7MT 4-6-2 no 70000 Britannia Steam Locomotive hauling the 12-coach "Cathedrals Express" as she passed through Dover Priory Train Station at 5.47 pm on Thursday 7 April 2011 - oh, and the Dover Priory Railway Station at Night photo!

The Canterbury Tornado is shown part-way through a Willesden - Canterbury - Willesden (Brent, London) round trip calling at the train stations listed below:

Outward journey with Headcode 1Z70

Willesden SW, Kensington Olympia (London), Longhedge Jc, Nunhead, Shortlands Jnc, Orpington, Sevenoaks, Tonbridge, Paddock Wood, Headcorn (water), Ashford International (Channel Tunnel), Canterbury West

Return journey with Headcode 1Z71

Canterbury West, Minster, Deal, Dover Priory arrive 17:53 (the train was early), depart 17:55, Folkestone Central, Ashford International (Channel Tunnel), Headcorn, Paddock Wood, Tonbridge, Sevenoaks, Orpington , Shortlands Jnc, Nunhead, Longhedge Jc, Kensington Olympia

Return journey with Headcode 1Z72

Kensington Olympia, Willesden SW

The Canterbury Tornado train began the day by being diesel hauled from Poole to Willesden SW (headcode 1Z70) with the following pick-up points: Poole, Branksome, Bournemouth, Christchurch, Brokenhurst, Southampton, Fareham, Cosham, Havant, Woking. Click to see a full list of timings for this tour.

A headcode is a train reporting number used by railway staff in Great Britain to identify a particular train service. For example, the Canterbury Tornado began as 1 (Express) Z (Special) 70 (ID number).

The Canterbury Tornado (2)

The 60163 Tornado is a main-line steam locomotive built in Darlington, England. Completed in 2008, Tornado was the first such locomotive built in the United Kingdom since Evening Star, the last steam locomotive built by British Railways, in 1960. Designed to meet modern safety and certification standards, Tornado runs on the UK rail network and on mainline-connected heritage railways. The locomotive is named after the Panavia Tornado military jet.

The locomotive was built by the A1 Steam Locomotive Trust, a charitable trust founded in 1990 to build Tornado and possibly further locomotives. Tornado was conceived as an evolution of the LNER Peppercorn Class A1 class, incorporating improvements likely had steam continued, and changes for cost, safety, manufacturing and operational benefits, while replicating the original design's sound and appearance. Tornado, completely new-built, is considered the 50th Peppercorn A1, numbered next in the class after 60162, Saint Johnstoun, built in 1949.

The 49 original Peppercorn A1s were built in Doncaster and Darlington for the London and North Eastern Railway (LNER). Tornado was built in the trust's Darlington works. The original 49 locomotives were scrapped by 1966 after an average service of 15 years. None survived into preservation, and Tornado fills a gap in the classes of restored steam locomotives that used to operate on the East Coast Main Line.

Tornado moved under her own power for the first time on 29 July 2008 at Darlington, and then spent two months at the preserved Great Central Railway double-track tourist railway in Loughborough, where she was tested up to 60 mph (97 km/h) and operated her first passenger train. Tornado then moved to the National Railway Museum (NRM) in York for three test runs on the main line up to 75 mph (121 km/h). After repainting into LNER Apple Green, Tornado was approved for main-line passenger operation. On 31 January 2009 she hauled her first passenger trip on the main line, The Peppercorn Pioneer, from York to Newcastle and back. By hauling various A1 Trust railtours, charters and other activities, Tornado will begin to recoup the estimated £800,000 debt from the project, which cost around £3 million.

With a shorter rake of eleven coaches compared with the original Peppercorn A1's usage, Tornado is expected to achieve contemporary mainline speeds. Theoretically capable of 100 miles per hour (160 km/h), Tornado may in the future gain permission to run at 90 miles per hour (140 km/h), making her the fastest steam locomotive on the British main line. Once on the main line, Tornado is not expected to leave it again until its ten-year fire-tube boiler re-certification in late 2018.

On 21 June 2009, Tornado featured in the BBC television Top Gear Race to the North program, coming second to a car in a three-way race from London to Edinburgh, against a 1949 Jaguar XK120 sports car and a 1949 Vincent Black Shadow motorbike.

Canterbury Tornado Specifications (2)

Power type: Steam

Designer: Arthur Peppercorn (last LNER Chief Mechanical Engineer, CME)

Builder: A1 Steam Locomotive Trust

Build date: 1994–2008

Configuration: 4-6-2

Leading wheel diameter: 3 ft 2 in (0.97 m)

Driver diameter: 6 ft 8 in (2.03 m)

Trailing wheel diameter: 3 ft 8 in (1.12 m)

Length: 72 ft 11.75 in (22.24 m)

Width: 9 ft 2.875 in (2.82 m)

Height: 13 ft (3.96 m)

Axle load: 22.1 long tons (22.5 t)

Weight on drivers: 66.55 long tons (67.62 t)

Locomotive weight: 105.2 long tons (106.9 t)

Tender weight: 60.9 long tons (61.9 t)

Locomotive and tender combined weight: 166.1 long tons (168.8 t)

Fuel type: Coal

Fuel capacity: 7.5 long tons (7.6 t)

Water capacity: 6,000 imperial gallons (27,000 litres)

Boiler: Diagram 118, 6 ft 5 in (1.96 m) diameter, 29 ft 2 in (8.89 m) length

Boiler pressure: 250 psi (1,700 kPa)

Fire grate area: 50.0 sq ft (4.65 square metres)

Heating surface: Tubes: 1,211.6 sq ft (112.56 square metres)

Heating surface: Flues: 1,004.5 sq ft (93.32 square metres)

Heating surface: Firebox: 245.3 sq ft (22.79 square metres)

Heating surface: Total: 2,461.4 sq ft (228.67 square metres)

Superheater area: 697.7 sq ft (64.82 square metres)

Cylinder size: 19 × 26 in (480 × 660 mm)

Top speed: 100 mph (160 km/h) design, 75 mph (121 km/h) certified

Tractive effort: 2,700 metric horsepower (2,000 kW)

Number: 60163 (display), 98863 (TOPS)

Official name: Tornado

Axle load class: Route availability 9

First run: 29 July 2008

Disposition: Operational. Approved for 75 mph (121 km/h) running on the Network Rail main line.

Steam locomotives, steam trains: nostalgia for a Bygone Age!

History of Dover Priory Train Station (3)

The Victorian Dover Priory opened on 22 July 1861 as the temporary terminus of the London, Chatham and Dover Railway (LCDR). It became a through station on 1 November 1861 with the completion of a tunnel though the Western Heights to gain access to the Western Docks area, where LCDR created Dover Harbour station.

Initially the station was known as Dover Town but was renamed in July 1863 (leading to rival SER to adopt the name for one of its Dover stations). Southern consolidated passenger services at Dover Priory in 1927 and modernised the station in 1932.

The Chatham Main Line into Priory was electrified in 1959 as part of Stage 1 of Kent Coast Electrification, under the BR 1955 Modernisation Plan. The line up to Ramsgate, via Deal was subsequently electrified under stage two of Kent Coast electrification in January 1961. The line from Folkestone into Dover Priory was electrified in June 1961.

(1) My usual "Robsons Yard - Eastern Docks - Prince of Wales Pier - Robsons Yard" circuit of town.

(2) Wikipedia entry for LNER Peppercorn Class A1 60163 Tornado

(3) From Dover Priory Railway Station

All photos relating to trains and rail transport are now tagged with Railway.

John Latter / Jorolat

Dover Blog: The Psychology of a Small Town

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Photo details

  • Uploaded on June 22, 2011
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by John Latter
    • Camera: PENTAX Corporation PENTAX K100D
    • Taken on 2011/06/18 17:47:31
    • Exposure: 0.010s (1/100)
    • Focal Length: 28.00mm
    • F/Stop: f/6.300
    • ISO Speed: ISO200
    • Exposure Bias: 0.00 EV
    • No flash

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