The present castle was begun in the 1130's by William le Gros. In 1154 the castle was seized by King Henry II who increased the fortifications and replaced the original gate tower with a square, three storey keep. The ruins of this tower still stand at the top of the hill.
Scarborough Castle was a favourite residence of King John who stayed there on four occasions between 1201 and 1216. He spent over £2000 strengthening the outer walls and constructing Mosdale Hall. King Henry III further improved the castle's defences between 1240 and 1250. He added towers along the curtain wall and built a gateway and barbican.
During the war between England and Scotland, King Edward I held his court at the castle in 1275 and 1280. The defences were already starting to show signs of decay but King Edward continued to use the castle and in 1295 he held his Welsh hostages there. King Edward II carried on his father's struggles against the Scots and by 1311 the castle was used to house his Scottish prisoners.
Piers Gaveston, the 1st Earl of Cornwall, took refuge in the fortress in 1312. Gaveston was a favourite of King Edward II and consequently, the castle underwent a two week siege by rebel barons that only came to an end when he surrendered himself.
The outer defences and a new barbican were eventually completed by King Edward III in 1343. But by 1424 the castle was again in need of repair and King Henry VI did extensive restoration work over the following 6 years.
Scarborough was attacked several times, both by the Scots and the French, during the reign of King Henry VIII. The castle remained in royal hands until King James I sold it to the Earl of Holderness in 1624.
The castle changed hands on several occasions during the English Civil War. After the war ended, the Parliamentarians slighted the keep so that the castle could not be used again as a Royalist fortress. The castle did however return to the crown in 1662 and was used as a jail for dissenters.
In 1746 an army barracks was built on the site of the now ruined Mosdale Hall and French prisoners were held in the castle during the Napoleonic Wars. In 1914, Scarborough was bombarded by German warships. Much of the town was destroyed and the castle was badly damaged by a barrage of 500 shells.
In 1920 the castle passed into the hands of the Office of Works and by 1984 it was in the care of English Heritage.
An amazing history Neil. It's a wonder any of it is still standing! I like the angle it is taken from and love the blue sky...more of that please. Cheers, Rosa.
Lovely composition, Neil. Great light and so on. Love the addition of the plant growing from the wall.
Hi Neil !
Very nice place ! It's the history ! LIKE !!
Greetings from Hungary, József
Hi Rosa, there's not much of the castle itself apart from the Keep,but the curtain wall is quite well preserved.I could do with some of that sky right now myself,we've had heavy rain for a while now.I'm pleased you like the pic anyway,thanks as always...Neil.
Cheers Si,i'm glad you were able to call in.This was about the best shot i could get,the usual problem with these places,too many people about.I'm glad you noticed the plant,it was one of the reasons i chose that viewpoint.
Hello rozsak, my thanks to you once again,i'm pleased you liked the history,it makes it worthwhile.
Cool location! Europe has so many historic ruins, while America has so few. I really want to fly over the pond to catch some great memories in Scotland.
Warmest wishes, Liam ;)
Hi Liam, yep, we have plenty of old ruins....me included!!;-)) You'll love Scotland the scenery is breathtaking,don't forget Yorkshire as well,the North York Moors and the Yorkshire Dales are worth a look.
Warm wishes to you and thanks for stopping by...Neil.
fantastic place and super point of view.. like it alot
Hi esls f, my thanks to you for stopping by and for your kind comment....Neil.
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Photo taken in Scarborough Castle, Castle Road, Scarborough, North Yorkshire YO11 1HY, UK
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