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گندم بریان در کویر لوت گرمترین نقطه کره زمین؟؟ تقدیم به زوج جوان خانواده مینایی Toward 'Gandom Beryan' in Lut Desert. Shadow temp:>55º C / Sunshine temp:>100° C, To Asian Panoramio Members

Gandom Beryan (Scorched Wheat)

  • We know the coldest locations are the ice-capped lands near the North and South Poles, but Where is the hottest place on Earth? According to MODIS (Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) installed on NASA's satellite "Aqua" the hottest place in 2004 and 2005 was the Lut desert of Iran, which reached 70.7 degrees C (159 degrees F). In 2003, Queensland, Australia, was the hottest place on Earth, with a temperature of 69.3 degrees C (157 degrees F).

Name of the plateau means "Scorched Wheat". There is a story that the name originated from the following event:

In 1950ies a caravan with camels bringing a load of wheat was going through the desert from Shahdad to Khorasan. Due to an accident they had to leave the wheat in the desert near the Gandom Beryan hill. Few days later drivers of another caravan noted the abandoned load - the grains were scorched due to the heat. Since then the hill got its present name.

Surroundings of Gandom Beryan have otherworldy beauty and lately are turning into a popular eco-tourism place.


The hottest part of Dasht-e Lut is Gandom Beryan - approximately 480 km² large plateau covered with dark lava. The source of this rock is a bit of a mystery as there are no volcanoes in vicinity. According to local legend this name (in translation from Persian - "Toasted wheat") originates from an accident where load of wheat left in the desert was scorched by the heat in a few days time.


Plateau is located in Shahdad Desert (part of Lut Desert). No roads lead to this remote plateau.

Temperatures on the top of plateau are bearable only in November - April. It is extremely silent here. Sky in the night is unusually clean and filled with stars - after all this is one of the driest places on Earth and water vapour does not disturb the view.

There are seen no life forms and it seems that there are no microorganisms here. Sterilised milk dries out without getting sour. There are stories about mummified corpses of animals lying on stones for years.

Theoretically the maximum temperatures of soil, if they exceed 70°C, should be enough to fry an egg.

Theoretically the maximum temperatures of soil, if they exceed 70°C, should be enough to fry an egg. Down, right next to the base plateau, there is a river valley with green plants in it - thus it is not true that Lut desert is totally lifeless. Also air and soil temperatures below are more bearable.

But it is also true that in many other places Lut desert is completely lifeless too.

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Photo details

  • Uploaded on September 7, 2011
  • Attribution
    by Mahdi Kalhor
    • Camera: Canon PowerShot A2100 IS
    • Taken on 2011/04/02 06:00:26
    • Exposure: 0.002s (1/500)
    • Focal Length: 6.40mm
    • F/Stop: f/3.200
    • ISO Speed: ISO80
    • Exposure Bias: 0.00 EV
    • No flash