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UDBINA: Crkva hrvatskih mučenika

This is the Church of Croatian Martyrs in Udbina, Lika Senj County, Croatia. Its construction began on 9 September 2005, the ritual

consecration of the church took place on the 10th September 2011. It was built in the traditional Croatian sacral architectural style.

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On 9 September 1493, beginning at 9 am, in just few hours there were killed 7.000-10.000 Croatian soldiers, including a significant

part of the Croatian nobility, on the nearby Krbava field (it can be seen in the previous photo's background). It was a clash of

Christian Roman Catholic and the Islamic armies, known as the Battle of Krbava. The culprit for the defeat was a Hungarian

commander Imre Derencsényi, the Ban of Croatia and Dalmatia and Ban of Slavonia, who was no match for the Turkish light

cavalry tactics.

Many historians have taken this particular event as the beginning of the Hundred Years' Croatian-Ottoman War, which really lasted

150 years. Ottoman oppression ended with widely celebrated victory of the Croats and crushing defeat for the Ottomans in 1593,

in the Battle of Sisak, with the loss of 8.000-20.000 troops on the Turkish side (depending on the historical origins of the two

sides).

But armed conflicts continued till the war was concluded with Peace of Žitva, 1606, and even later.

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At the border areas vacated by the Croatian population, the Turks settled Orthodox Vlachs from Bosnia, most of which later began

to declare themselves as Serbs. But even before the arrival of the Turks, in Lika lived aboriginal Vlachs of Illyrian-Roman origin.

Settling of the Bosnian Vlachs had peak during the 1520s, in the area of ​​Knin, Odorje, Hotuča and Krbava. Following the weakening

of the Ottoman Empire, such immigrants in the Kingdom of Croatia, later were mostly accessing the military service of their new

employer, the Habsburg Monarchy. Their place of work and place of residence was Croatian Military Frontier, from late 16th till late

19th century.

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Church of Croatian Martyrs is a memorial shrine and pilgrimage site for those who remember the Croatian defenders, through the

distant and recent turbulent history of the Croatian state. Counting the recent Croatian War of Independence, and all other wars and

battles through the past centuries.

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Photo details

  • Uploaded on September 9, 2011
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by Zlatan Olić
    • Camera: Samsung S5230