Al-Zaytuna Mosque, Tunis, Tunisia

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Al-Zaytuna Mosque, (Arabic: جامع الزيتونة‎, literally meaning the Mosque of Olive) is a major mosque in city of Tunis.

Al-Zaytuna was the second mosque to be built in Maghreb region after the Mosque of Uqba in Kairouan. The exact date of building varies according to source. Most of historians believe that it was built at 84 hijri (703 C.E.).

The mosque covers an area of 5,000 square meters with nine entrances. It has 160 columns brought originally from the ruins of the old city of Carthage. Al-Zaytuna mosque followed the design and architecture of previous mosques, mainly the Mosque of Uqba, and was an inspiration for later mosques such as the Great Mosque of Cordoba. The square minaret rises from the northwest corner of the courtyard. Built in 1894, the minaret is 43 meters (141 ft) high.

The mosque is known to host one of the first and greatest universities in the history of Islam. Many Muslim scholars were graduated from the Al-Zaytuna for over a thousand years. One of the most famous alumni of Al-Zaytuna is Ibn Khaldoun who is known as father of modern historiography in the world. Al-Zaytuna libraries were the richest among North African counterparts. It had tens of thousands of books included a large collection of rare and unique manuscripts. The manuscripts covered almost all subjects and sciences, including grammar, logic, documentations, etiquette of research, medicine, cosmology, arithmetic, geometry, minerals, vocational training, etc.

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Hamed Ansari on September 22, 2011

Al-Zaytuna Mosque, (Arabic: جامع الزيتونة‎, literally meaning the Mosque of Olive) is a major mosque in city of Tunis.

Al-Zaytuna was the second mosque to be built in Maghreb region after the Mosque of Uqba in Kairouan. The exact date of building varies according to source. Most of historians believe that it was built at 84 hijri (703 C.E.).

The mosque covers an area of 5,000 square meters with nine entrances. It has 160 columns brought originally from the ruins of the old city of Carthage. Al-Zaytuna mosque followed the design and architecture of previous mosques, mainly the Mosque of Uqba, and was an inspiration for later mosques such as the Great Mosque of Cordoba. The square minaret rises from the northwest corner of the courtyard. Built in 1894, the minaret is 43 meters (141 ft) high.

The mosque is known to host one of the first and greatest universities in the history of Islam. Many Muslim scholars were graduated from the Al-Zaytuna for over a thousand years. One of the most famous alumni of Al-Zaytuna is Ibn Khaldoun who is known as father of modern historiography in the world. Al-Zaytuna libraries were the richest among North African counterparts. It had tens of thousands of books included a large collection of rare and unique manuscripts. The manuscripts covered almost all subjects and sciences, including grammar, logic, documentations, etiquette of research, medicine, cosmology, arithmetic, geometry, minerals, vocational training, etc.

Hamed Ansari on September 22, 2011

مسجد زیتونه بزرگترین و اصلی ترین مسجد شهر تونس است. این مسجد پس از مسجد عُقبة دومین مسجدی است که در منطقه مغرب عربی ساخته شده است. تاریخ دقیق ساخت آن مشخص نیست اما اکثر مورخان برا این باروند که در سال 84 هجری مصادف با 703 میلادی و پس از فتح کارتاژ و تونس بدست اعراب مسلمان، ساخته شده است

این مسجد در زمینی به مساحت 5000 متر مربع و با 9 ورودی ساخته شده است. مسجد دارای 160 ستون است که اصالتا از کارتاژ به آنجا آورده شده. در ساخت این بنا از معماری مساجد قبلی ساخته شده در اسلام به ویژه مسجد عقبة استفاده شده و خود این مسجد الهام بخش مساجد بعد از خود از جمله مسجد بزرگ کوردوبا در اسپانیاست. مناره مربع شکل و معروف این مسجد به ارتفاع 43 متر در سال 1894 برپا و به بنای مسجد افزوده شده است

مسجد زیتونه به عنوان یکی از اولین و بزرگترین دانشگاهها در جهان اسلام شناخته میشود. بسیار ی از دانشمندان مسلمان در طول تاریخ بیش از 1000 ساله این دانشگاه از آن فارغ التحصیل شده اند. شاید از معرفترین آنها را بتوان از ابن خلدون نام برد، کسی از او به عنوان پدر تاریخ نگاری نوین یاد میشود. کتابخانه های این دانشگاه در زمان خود بزرگترین مجموعه کتابهای خطی شامل دهها هزار جلد نسخ نایاب و منحصر به فرد بوده است. این نسخه های خطی تقریبا تمام علوم مهم شامل دستور زبان، منطق، مستند سازی، روش تحقیق، پزشکی، اخترشناسی، ریاضیات، هندسه، مواد معدنی، آموزشهای حرفه ای و ... را پوشش میداده است

masoud bahri on September 22, 2011

very nice Mosque

LIKE

kazem shokatabadi - … on September 22, 2011

زیباست

لایک

hamid s.A. on September 22, 2011

خیلی خوشگل و خوشرنگه ..موندم کی فرصت کردی اینهمه جا رو بری و اینهمه عکس بگیری؟؟

:))

Alla Saed on September 22, 2011

صور جميلة البوم مميز تحية من ليبيا الحرة م علاء الدين سعيد

Hamed Ansari on September 22, 2011

masoud bahri

kazem shokatabadi

ممنونم از محبتتون

hamid s.A.

ممنون

دست رو دلم نذار که کلی وقت کم آوردم

م علاء الدين سعيد

شکرا

Wojciech Noworyta on September 22, 2011

Beautiful

Almassi on September 22, 2011

زیباست

خوش به حال این تونسی ها

Hamed Ansari on September 22, 2011

Wojciech Noworyta

Thanks!

Almassi

ممنون

حالا چرا خوش بحالشون؟

M Reza Samaee on September 22, 2011

خیلی خوشگل شده

bijan farmany on September 22, 2011

زیباست

varkos on September 22, 2011

Excellent photo! Like!

nino evola on September 22, 2011

Very good photo

like/10

Best regards from italy

Nino

Behnam Nozadian on September 22, 2011

بازم التماس دعا دارم

:)))))))))))

لایک

Alexander Nikolov on September 22, 2011

What a great photo and place! LIKE

Hamed Ansari on September 23, 2011

Samaee

bijan farmany

Behnam Nozadian

ممنون دوستان

محتاجیم به دعا

;))

nino evola

W140

Thanks a lot, friends :)

j@v@d fathi on September 23, 2011

خیلی خوشکله

Dr.Azzouqa on September 23, 2011

Beautiful place.

Excellent shot.

LIKE.

Best wishes from Jordan.

Mustafa

Səməd on September 23, 2011

An architectural gem! L

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Photo details

  • Uploaded on September 22, 2011
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by Hamed Ansari
    • Camera: SONY SLT-A33
    • Taken on 2011/07/14 13:42:30
    • Exposure: 0.001s (1/1250)
    • Focal Length: 18.00mm
    • F/Stop: f/5.600
    • ISO Speed: ISO100
    • Exposure Bias: 0.00 EV
    • No flash

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