Very impressive composition! Like & Favorite
The Hill of Crosses (Lithuanian: Kryžių kalnas is a site of pilgrimage about 12 km north of the city of Šiauliai, in northern Lithuania. The precise origin of the practice of leaving crosses on the hill is uncertain, but it is believed that the first crosses were placed on the former Jurgaičiai or Domantai hill fort after the 1831 Uprising. Over the centuries, not only crosses, but giant crucifixes, carvings of Lithuanian patriots, statues of the Virgin Mary and thousands of tiny effigies and rosaries have been brought here by Catholic pilgrims. The exact number of crosses is unknown, but estimates put it at about 55,000 in 1990 and 100,000 in 2006.
Over the centuries, the place has come to signify the peaceful endurance of Lithuanian Catholicism despite the threats it faced throughout history. After the 3rd partition of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1795, Lithuania became part of the Russian Empire. Poles and Lithuanians unsuccessfully rebelled against Russian authorities in 1831 and 1863. These two uprisings are connected with the beginnings of the hill: as families could not locate bodies of perished rebels, they started putting up symbolic
crosses in place of a former hill fort.
When the old political structure of Eastern Europe fell apart in 1918, Lithuania once again declared its independence. Throughout this time, the Hill of Crosses was used as a place for Lithuanians to pray for peace, for their country, and for the loved ones they had lost during the Wars of Independence.
Most recently, the site took on a special significance during the years 1944–1990, when Lithuania was occupied by the Soviet Union. Continuing to travel to the Hill and leave their tributes, Lithuanians used it to demonstrate their allegiance to their original identity, religion and heritage. It was a venue of peaceful resistance, although the Soviets worked hard to remove new crosses, and bulldozed the site at least three times (including attempts in 1963 and 1973). There were even rumors that the authorities planned to build a dam on the nearby Kulvė River, a tributary to Mūša, so that the hill would end up under water.
On September 7, 1993, Pope John Paul II visited the Hill of Crosses, declaring it a place for hope, peace, love and sacrifice. In 2000 a Franciscan hermitage was opened
nearby. The interior decoration draws links with La Verna, the mountain where St. Francis received his stigmata. The hill remains under nobody's jurisdiction; therefore people are free to build crosses as they see fit.
Jan, thank you very much, my friend!
With best wishes from Latvia,
Yes .. after reading the comment I can understand ... A sad story, but perseverance wins! Thanks for the nice explanation ... and also the fantastic shot!
A fantastic place!!! Why there are all these crosses??? -lk- A dear regard, Anna
Lana ! I am happy that this shot left an impression on your mind, thanks for the kind comment!
Best wishes from Latvia,
Gotele ! Thank you for your friendly visit!
Anna ! These crosses symbolize the sea of love!
Царство мертвых! Впечатляет.
Спасибо,Алексей! Но только это не кладбище, можете перевести мой комментарий.
С приветом из Риги,,
Interesting place, a great place to visit, impressive shot!
F3 + L5
It's... a sad with a hopeful hill...!
I pray for Lithuanians and their peace.
All my best wishes,petitparis
Υπέροχη φανταστική!Χαιρετισμούς natalia
Awesome! Fantastic! Dream! I like! Greetings NATALIA
Great place,interesting photo.
Best wishes from Slovakia
Интересный комментарий № 2.
Потрясающее место - надо будет крестик оставить )))
Interesting photo of a historic district.
Warm greetings, Dimitris
Bernardo, petitparis, natalia, Majka, Dimitris, Thank you for your compliments!
Greetings from Riga,
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Photo taken in Meškuičių seniūnija, Lithuania
Hill of Crosses
Misplaced? Suggest new location