Estonia - Tallinn - Old Town

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Tallinn is the capital and largest city of Estonia. It occupies an area of 159.2 km2 (61.5 sq mi) with a population of 416,405. It is situated on the northern coast of the country, on the banks of the Gulf of Finland, 80 km (50 mi) south of Helsinki, east of Stockholm and west of Saint Petersburg. Tallinn's Old Town is in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. It is ranked as a global city and has been listed among the top 10 digital cities in the world. The city was a European Capital of Culture for 2011, along with Turku, Finland.

In 1154 a town called Qlwn[5] or Qalaven (possible derivations of Kalevan or Kolyvan) was put on the world map of the Almoravid by the Muslim cartographer Muhammad al-Idrisi, who described it as a small town like a large castle among the towns of Astlanda. It has been suggested that the Quwri in Astlanda may have denoted the predecessor town of today's Tallinn. The earliest names of Tallinn include Kolyvan (Russian: Колывань) known from East Slavic chronicles, the name possibly deriving from the Estonian mythical hero Kalev. Up to the 13th century the Scandinavians and Henry of Livonia in his chronicle called the town Lindanisa: Lyndanisse in Danish, Lindanäs in Swedish, also mentioned as Ledenets in Old East Slavic. According to some theories the name derived from mythical Linda, the wife of Kalev and the mother of Kalevipoeg.[15] who in an Estonian legend carried rocks to her husband's grave that formed the Toompea hill. It has been also suggested that in the context the meaning of linda in the archaic Estonian language, that is similar to lidna in Votic, had the same meaning as linna or linn later on meaning a castle or town in English. According to the suggestion nisa would have had the same meaning as niemi (meaning peninsula in English) in an old Finnish form of the name Kesoniemi. Other than Kesoniemi known ancient historical names of Tallinn in Finnish include Rääveli. The Icelandic Njálssaga mentions Tallinn and calls it Rafala, which is a variant of the name Raphael. After the Danish conquest in 1219 the town became known in the German, Swedish and Danish languages as Reval (Latin: Revalia). The name originated from (Latin) Revelia (Estonian) Revala or Rävala, the adjacent ancient name of the surrounding Estonian county.

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Comments (78)

C. Maiandi (Carlissi… on February 21, 2012

Grazie Alireza per i complimenti, scelgo questa tua foto per ricambiare i saluti. Ciao Carlissima.

K@rin on February 22, 2012

Lovely and interesting detail, fine photo, like, best wishes Karin

Stefan 100yanov on February 23, 2012

Great composition! I like it! Stefan

✿ܓ Gyöngyi ✿ܓ on February 23, 2012

Thank you for bringing this to the group on the light!

Sincerely Gyongyi

Ana Docal on February 26, 2012

Beautiful photo dear Alireza Javaheri...Warm greetings...Ana

Slavonicus on February 27, 2012

Nice detail :)

L

Greetings from Serbia !

Massimo Zanderin (Ma… on February 29, 2012

Beautiful details.

ciao

Yuliya S. on February 29, 2012

Lovely picture with nice composition - LIKE ● Friendly wishes ♥ Yuliya

Achiper on February 29, 2012

Very decorative.
Good shot.
LIKE
Best wishes friend.

Farkas István on March 5, 2012

Beautiful detail. LIKE. Best wishes,István.

Patricia pato on March 6, 2012

Me encanta el detalle,es una imagen preciosa LIKE!!-Saludos!-Patricia

Shafiq Chandaiser on March 7, 2012

What a beautiful shot Alireza, well done.

Garzer on March 7, 2012

Very beautiful photo!Like! Greetings, Klaus

Very beautiful picture!!! LIKE

Maroš Kerek on May 7, 2012

Great photo...L

Regards, Maroš

Giorgi 1971 on May 28, 2012

Very beautiful composition and photo. Like! Greetings from Georgia. Gio

Nelson Castrillon Ri… on July 9, 2012

LIKE

Joli Harsányi on October 13, 2012

Beautiful scene in the Long leg street. L Best wishes, Joli

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Photo details

  • Uploaded on February 6, 2012
  • Attribution
    by Alireza Javaheri
    • Camera: NIKON CORPORATION NIKON D7000
    • Taken on 2011/10/10 10:59:29
    • Exposure: 0.013s (1/80)
    • Focal Length: 32.00mm
    • F/Stop: f/4.500
    • ISO Speed: ISO400
    • Exposure Bias: 0.00 EV
    • No flash

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