Azadi Tower

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The Azadi Tower (Persian: برج آزادی, Borj-e Azadi; translated: Freedom Tower), previously known as the Shahyād Āryāmehr (Persian: شهیاد آریامهر; English: King Memorial Tower), is the symbol of Tehran, the capital of Iran, and marks the entrance to the city The architect, Hossein Amanat, won a competition to design the monument, which combines elements of Sassanid and Islamic architecture. It is part of the Azadi cultural complex, located in Tehran's Azadi Square in an area of some 50,000 m². There are several fountains around the base of the tower and a museum underground. The iconic Monument des Martyrs in Algiers (built, 1982) shows a strong influence by this monument, in its general design as well as its details. Built with white marble stone from the Esfahan region, there are eight thousand blocks of stone. The stones were all located and supplied by Ghanbar Rahimi, whose knowledge of the quarries was second to none and who was known as "Soltan-e-Sang-e-Iran". The shape of each of the blocks was calculated by a computer, and programmed to include all the instructions for the building's work. The actual construction of the tower was carried out, and supervised by Iran's finest master stonemason, Ghaffar Davarpanah Varnosfaderani. The main financing was provided by a group of five hundred Iranian industrialists. The inauguration took place on October 16, 1971. Built in 1971 in commemoration of the 2,500th anniversary of the Persian Empire, this "Gateway into Iran" was named the Shahyad Tower, meaning "Kings' Memorial", but was dubbed Azadi (Freedom) after the Iranian Revolution of 1979. Originally intended to remind coming generations of the achievements of modern Iran under the Pahlavi dynasty, it has become a symbol of the country's revival. It is 50 meters (148 ft) tall and completely clad in cut marble. The entrance of the tower is directly underneath the main vault and leads into the Azadi Museum on the basement floor. The black walls, the pure, sober lines, and the proportions of the whole building create an intentionally austere atmosphere. Heavy doors open onto a kind of crypt where lighting is subdued. The shock is immediate. The lighting there seems to issue from the showcases placed here and there, each containing a unique object. Gold and enamel pieces, painted pottery, marble, the warm shades of the miniatures and of the varnished paintings glitter like stars among the black marble walls and in the semi-darkness of the concrete mesh which forms the ceiling of this cave of marvels. There are about fifty pieces selected from among the finest and most precious in Iran. They are in excellent condition and each represents a particular period in the country's history. The place of honour is occupied by a copy of the Cyrus Cylinder (the original is in the British Museum). A translation of the cuneiform inscription on the cylinder is inscribed in golden letters on the wall of one of the galleries leading to the museum's audio-visual department; opposite, a similar plaque lists the Twelve Points of the White Revolution. Next to the Cyrus Cylinder, a magnificent gold plaque commemorates the presentation of the museum to the Shah by the Mayor of Tehran. Among the earliest testimonies of Iran's history on display here are square flagstones, gold sheeting, and terra cotta tablets from Susa, covered with cuneiform characters of astonishingly rigorous geometry. Potteries, ceramics, varnished porcelains (such as the beautiful seventh-century blue and gold dish from Gorgan), an illuminated Koran, and a few exceptional miniatures highlight milestones in the country's annals up to the nineteenth century, which is itself represented by two magnificent painted panels from Empress Farah Pahlavi's collection.

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Comments (51)

JAM57 on June 9, 2012

Hi Samaee. Where your treasure is, there your heart be also. L. Greetings, Janusz.

Mehmet Güçlü on August 15, 2012

Super shot and composition. Like & YS

mohammad moghiseh on September 30, 2012

ديد عالي ثبت زيبا كارتون درسته استاد سمائي احسنت بر شما باد.لايك و ستاره

Mansour eftekhar on November 2, 2012

besiar besiar zibast.excellent photo&like

Safa Daneshvar on January 1, 2013

Interesting shot !! well done! ...

Shahed Sohrabi on July 29, 2013

خیلی هم متفاوت و عالی

Christos Theodorou on March 12, 2014

Wowwww ! – This is a great shot!. Regards from Athens.

Guizel J.c on March 13, 2014

Excellent image

LIKE

Greetings-j.c

kombizz on March 24, 2014

nice one

Mário Eloi Castro on April 4, 2014

Fantastic picture, my friend!

L i k e【ツ】+ F a v

Hugs from Portugal, Mário Eloi Castro

Felix M. on September 24

URGENT!WICHTIG!

SAVE PANORAMIO!!!!!!

An alle Freunde von Panoramio: Unterschreibt die Petition Google: Keep The Panoramio Community Alive von den Panoramiogründern Eduardo und José an Google und verbreitet sie!

To all friends of panoramio: please sign the Petition Google: Keep The Panoramio Community Alive from the founders of Panoramio, Eduardo und José to Google and spread it!

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Photo details

  • Uploaded on February 18, 2012
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by M Reza Samaee
    • Camera: Canon EOS 7D
    • Taken on 2012/02/17 17:23:01
    • Exposure: 0.013s (1/80)
    • Focal Length: 50.00mm
    • ISO Speed: ISO100
    • Exposure Bias: 0.00 EV
    • No flash

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