The Kaunas city was governed and the fortifications wee built by Lithuanians, Germans, Swedes, Frenchmen and Russians. Following the decision of Czar Alexander II in 1873, it was decided to turn Kaunas into the I class fortress of the strategic importance. The Nemunas, taking into the consideration military technical level of that time, created a comfortable natural defense line: carved relief with valleys of rivers and rivulets, deep ravines with eminencies in-between, from which the surrounding territories could be seen very well. The decision regarding the construction of Kaunas Fortress was signed on July 7, 1879. According to the approved plan, Kaunas was to be surrounded by a circle consisting of central defense fortifications laid out in the way of star line, 7 forts (with a distance of 2 - 2,5 km from each other) and 9 batteries. Quite soon military towns, laboratories, military workshops, military railway station, and storehouses for weapons were started to be built. Metal gates and various fortifications were built at the main roads to the city. During 10 year period 11 million rubles were spent for the construction works. 195 brick and 253 wooden buildings of military purpose were built in the territory of the fortress. A complex of administrative buildings of the fortress emerged in the city center in 1888-1891.
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Photo taken in Panemunė, Kaunas, Lithuania
Misplaced? Suggest new location