Bruchsal Palace is the only religious Baroque residence on the Upper Rhine. The palace was built beginning in 1720 by Prince Bishop Damian Hugo of Schönborn, who made it the center of his absolutistic reign. In 1802 the residential palace came into the possession of the state of Baden. After 1832 the complex increasingly decayed. Destructed in 1945, the palace is considered to be one of the greatest reconstruction efforts of the post-war decades today. The Gate House was constructed by Balthasar Neumann.