Aya İrini

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The building reputedly stands on the site of a pre-Christian temple. It ranks, in fact, as the first church built in Constantinople. Roman emperor Constantine I commissioned the first Hagia Irene church in the 4th century. From May to July 381 the First Council of Constantinople took place in the church. It was burned down during the Nike revolt in 532. Emperor Justinian I had the church restored in 548. It served as the church of the Patriarchate before Hagia Sophia was completed in 537. Heavily damaged by an earthquake in the 8th century, it dates in its present form largely from the repairs made at that time. The Emperor Constantine V ordered the restorations and had its interior decorated with mosaics and frescoes. Hagia Irene is the only example of a Byzantine church in the city which retains its original atrium. A great cross in the half-dome above the main narthex, where the image of the Pantocrator or Theotokos was usually placed in Byzantine tradition, is a unique vestige of the Iconoclastic art; presumably it replaced earlier decoration. The church was enlarged during the 11th and 12th centuries. The church measures 100 m × 32 m. It has the typical form of a Roman basilica, consisting of a nave and two aisles, divided by columns and pillars. It comprises a main space, a narthex, galleries and an atrium. The dome is 15m wide and 35m high and has twenty windows.

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Comments (20)

Heinz Peierl on March 31, 2012

Schönes Foto

Gefällt mir


Viele Grüße von der Mosel


Paulo CT Bittencourt on March 31, 2012

Lugar fascinante e bem retratado. Obrigado pela aula de história também. Abraço.

Yuliya S. on March 31, 2012

Fantastic shot and very attractive view with the natural frame - LIKE ● Best regards ♥ Yuliya

Braun Imre Tapolca on March 31, 2012

I would like to thank you for this beautiful image of your visit and kind words. Greetings regards from Hungary! ¤-¤-¤ Imre ¤-¤-¤

axking77 on March 31, 2012

Hi Mircea, a very good motive. Thanks also to the üicture Description. Like 6 and best wishes from Saxony by Willi

Charlotte Boutros De… on March 31, 2012

Good Evening,

Sooo Wonderful, LIKE.

Warm wishes from Lebanon.


Mircea_RAICU on April 1, 2012

I'm glad that you like this picture and I'm honored by your visit and kind words!
Anytime welcome between my pictures , Mircea R.

senmax on April 4, 2012

Very nice shot. Like.

Mircea_RAICU on April 6, 2012

Multumesc mult pentru vizita , sfaturi si aprecieri ! O primavara frumoasa si un Paste Fericit ! .
Thank you very much for visit and kind words ! I wish you Happy Easter !

khoi tranduc on April 30, 2012

Very nice photo! Like!

Mircea_RAICU on May 4, 2012

Thank you very much !

kurt Oblak on May 6, 2012

Sehr schöne Perespektive,Like 13,gruß KURT

Victor “Afrocan” GIL… on May 12, 2012

Very nice!!! (。◕‿◕。)LIKE.... and warm greetings, Víctor.

Very nice capture. like Kosmas

BOGDAN de Varsovie on November 1, 2012

Very charming place. Nice photo. LIKE 18.

Best regards.


Mircea_RAICU on November 4, 2012

Multumesc mult pt. vizita si aprecieri ! Ganduri bune !
Many thanks for your visit and kind words !Alwais welcome in my gallery !

Mircea R.

Elemér on February 5, 2013

Beautiful photo composed well! L


Mircea_RAICU on May 11, 2013

Thank you very much Elemér !

Suzen N on September 29, 2013

Dear Mircea,you visited one of my favorite place-Topkapı palace with beautiful Hagia Irene in the court.


Mircea_RAICU on February 7, 2014

Thank you very much , best wishes !
Sorry for delayed answer , Mircea R.

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Photo details

  • Uploaded on March 30, 2012
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by Mircea_RAICU
    • Taken on 2011/08/03 10:31:58
    • Exposure: 0.004s (1/250)
    • Focal Length: 18.00mm
    • F/Stop: f/8.000
    • ISO Speed: ISO100
    • Exposure Bias: 0.00 EV
    • No flash