Ancient Corinthos, the temple of Apollo - MAY 2012 CONTEST

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The temple of Apollo, is an ancient temple in Ancient Corinth built with monolithic Doric columns. Of the 40 that existed, today only 7 survive standing in a prominent position above the ruins of the ancient agora. The temple was built in 530 BC about. To support the roof, interior columns were along quite large in size cella, which was divided into two rooms and also in the vestibule and opisthodomos were in front by the two columns in antis. The temple is a registered trademark of Corinth.

ANCIENT CORINTHOS

It was an important city-state of ancient Greece. Controlled an area corresponding to the east of the prefecture of Corinthia in the northeast of the Argolis. Bordered on the west Sikyon, Megara to the east, with Argos in the southwest and in south with Epidauros. Ancient Corinth controlled the key position of the isthmus and was the most important commercial hub of the ancient world, until to be threatened by Athens. Corinth was considered the richest city of the ancient world.

Ancient Corinth was inhabited from the Neolithic period (5000-3000 BC).

During the Bronze Age the cty was refered to many ancient myths like the myth of Sisyphus, the myth of Bellerophon, the myth of Jason and Medea, etc. Homer at the list of new states refers at Corinth to participate in the Trojan expedition under the leadership of King Agamemnon of Mycenae.

By installing the Dorians established the constitution of the aristocracy in Corinth, with an aristocratic ruling class of Dorians, Bacchiadae.

In the mid-seventh century BC the constitution of the aristocracy abolished and established Tyranny with the first Tyran who was Kypselos. In Kypselos succeeded by Periander (Periandros) featured one of the Seven Sages of the Archaic period.

During the Persian Wars, the Corinthians were the leading forces of the Greek alliance against Persia. Participated in the battle of Salamis, with 40 ships and the battle of Plataea with 5,000 soldiers. In the coming years Corinth developed intense commercial competition with Athens, which led to the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War. Corinth formed an alliance with Sparta and other countries in ancient Greece, against Athens, giving the alliance a powerful fleet, unique in ancient Greece who could face Athens.

After the Peloponnesian War, Corinth Civil War broke out between oligarchs and democrats. The prevalence of democratic turned Corinth allied to Athens, and Thebes. The new alliance fought with Sparta, the war he became known as the Corinthian War. This war ended in 386 BC the Antalcidean peace.

In 365 BC seized power, General Timoleon. The successive campaigns organized by Timoleon in Sicily to help the Corinthian colonies in the region and major trading bases against the threat of Carthaginian. In 336 BC Alexander the Great set up in Corinth, the alliance of Greek cities against the Persians. In the coming years the power of Corinth was limited and gradually overshadowed by the newly Achaean League. In 146 BC made an alliance with the Achaean confederacy in one last attempt of the Greeks to deal against the Roman general Lucius Mommios who marched to the Peloponnese. The Greeks defeated the Isthmus, followed by destruction of Corinth.

The city built again in 44 BC, and grows again in 51-52 AD visited by the Apostle Paul. The center is organized south of the temple of Apollo and included shops, small shrines, fountains, baths and other public buildings. In 267 AD, the invasion of the Heruli, begins the decline of the city, although it survives despite repeated invasions and destructions, until its liberation from the Turks in 1822.

COLONIES OF CORINTHOS:

The Corinthians as a major trading power had created a network of colonies mainly in the west to help them to control trade in these areas. In the Ionian islands were colonized Lefkada and Corfu and at the mainland coast of the Ionian colonies were established Aktion and Amvrakia. In the north Adriatic founded colonies Epidamnos and Apollonia. Both were present on the coast of Albania. Epidamnos during the Roman period became a very important Roman port and renamed by the Romans in Durres. In Sicily, the Corinthians founded Syracuse, which later evolved into powerful city of the island. Relations Corinth - Syracuse remained good and often the Corinthians offered assistance to Syracuse, when threatened by external enemies. With these colonies Corinth dominated trade in the Western Mediterranean. On the eastern side of Greece, the Corinthians founded many colonies there. The largest colony Potidaea was there. Potidaea was built in Halkidiki in very strategic position on the narrow isthmus at the beginning of Kassandra. After the Persian wars Potidaea came under the control of Athens. The juxtaposition of Corinth - Athens for control of Potidaea was one of the main causes for the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War.

(from Wikipedia)

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Comments (250)

Javier sánchez tripi… on April 5, 2012

Me gusta la presentación de Blanco y Negro, entona al lugar en su época.

Muy buena su explicación de la foto.

Saludos desde España

Christos Theodorou on April 5, 2012

ТАЈГА

JAVITXU


Many thanks for your visit and comments - Friendly regards from Athens / Merci pour votre visite et le commentaire - Amitiés d’ Athènes

Carles G on April 6, 2012

Very nice composition. Like. Best regards, Carles

Zsuzsanna Bánfalvi on April 6, 2012

Beautiful photo !

LIKE

My friendly greeting,Natuska

Strucki on April 6, 2012

Beautiful work in black and white! L&YS!

Have a happy Easter!

Best wishes from the Lake of Constanze

Strucki

Christos Theodorou on April 6, 2012

Carles G

Bánfalvi Suzi Natuska

Strucki


Many thanks for your visit and comments - Friendly regards from Athens / Merci pour votre visite et le commentaire - Amitiés d’ Athènes

Noelia76 on April 6, 2012

LIKE, LIKE, LIKE!

Greetings!

Noelia

Christos Theodorou on April 6, 2012

Noelia76 - Many thanks for your visit and comments - Friendly regards from Athens

kiselyushka on April 6, 2012

L-70, wonderful photo and place, best wishes, Vladimir

Kostia Semytskyi on April 6, 2012

Nice! Like

Christos Theodorou on April 6, 2012

kiselyushka

Kostia Semytskyi


Many thanks for your visit and comments - Friendly regards from Athens / Merci pour votre visite et le commentaire - Amitiés d’ Athènes / Ευχαριστώ θερμά για την επίσκεψη και το σχόλιο. Πολλούς χαιρετισμούς


HAPPY EASTER / JOYEUX PAQUES / ΚΑΛΟ ΠΑΣΧΑ

leo1383 on April 6, 2012

Like, a perfect picture,regards

Pedro M on April 6, 2012

Beautiful

like

Greetings, Pedro M

Christos Theodorou on April 6, 2012

leo1383

Pedro M


Many thanks for your visit and comments - Friendly regards from Athens / Merci pour votre visite et le commentaire - Amitiés d’ Athènes / Ευχαριστώ θερμά για την επίσκεψη και το σχόλιο. Πολλούς χαιρετισμούς


HAPPY EASTER / JOYEUX PAQUES / ΚΑΛΟ ΠΑΣΧΑ

Stathis Chionidis on April 6, 2012

Ομορφη αποψη και το ασπρομαυρο της παει πολυ.Χαιρετισμους και καλο Πασχα.ΣτΑ74θης

luciano bernardi on April 7, 2012

Molto bella. Buona Pasqua e saluti da Cortina d'Ampezzo.

Christos Theodorou on April 7, 2012

Stathis Chionidis

Rafael Zanluqui Pass…

luciano bernardi


Many thanks for your visit and comments - Friendly regards from Athens / Merci pour votre visite et le commentaire - Amitiés d’ Athènes / Ευχαριστώ θερμά για την επίσκεψη και το σχόλιο. Πολλούς χαιρετισμούς


HAPPY EASTER / JOYEUX PAQUES / ΚΑΛΟ ΠΑΣΧΑ

drku on April 7, 2012

Ein interessantes antikes Bauwerk, besten in s/w aufgenommen, Like 76.

Freundliche Grüße Klaus

Christos Theodorou on April 7, 2012

drku - Many thanks for your visit and comments - Friendly regards from Athens - HAPPY EASTER

mrslcanta **NO VEWS,… on April 7, 2012

I really like your photos of these stunning open-air museums, and I like the color choice you've done here, to highlight and freeze the passage of history, time and legacy. Best regards. Marisol

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Photo details

  • Uploaded on April 1, 2012
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by Christos Theodorou
    • Camera: SONY DSLR-A350
    • Taken on 2012/03/18 14:01:37
    • Exposure: 0.002s (1/640)
    • Focal Length: 100.00mm
    • F/Stop: f/6.300
    • ISO Speed: ISO100
    • Exposure Bias: 0.00 EV
    • No flash

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