The Tower of the Winds

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The Tower of the Winds, also called horologion (timepiece), is an octagonal Pentelic marble clocktower on the Roman agora in Athens. The structure features a combination of sundials, a water clock and a wind vane. It was supposedly built by Andronicus of Cyrrhus around 50 BC, but according to other sources might have been constructed in the 2nd century BC before the rest of the forum.

The 12-metre-tall structure has a diameter of about 8 metres and was topped in antiquity by a weathervane-like Triton that indicated the wind direction Below the frieze depicting the eight wind deities — Boreas (N), Kaikias (NE), Eurus (E), Apeliotes (SE), Notus (S), Livas (SW), Zephyrus (W), and Skiron (NW) — there are eight sundials. In its interior, there was a water clock (or clepsydra), driven by water coming down from the Acropolis. Recent research has shown that the considerable height of the tower was motivated by the intention to place the sundials and the wind-vane at a visible height on the Agora, making it effectively an early example of a clocktower. According to the testimony of Vitruvius and Varro, Andronicus of Cyrrhus designed the structure.

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Comments (328)

IFL BO on November 4

Beautiful photographed, LIKE! Warm greetings, iflbo

LIKE & FAVORITE :)))

TO SAVE PANORAMIO! We need 20 signatures!

change.org UNESCO PETITION, sign and spread, please!

Ferlancor Pano Yes on November 30

Bella composición; fantástica foto.

LK&FV.

Feliz domingo.

Fernando.

Karl Pallinger on December 25

Hallo Nikos F ein schönes Weihnachtsfest, viel Glück und Gesundheit im neuem Jahr wünsch ich Euch, karl

Maurice MAZELLIER on January 26

Une " intéréssante " , Station* / Météorologique Antique.. - Merci ..pour l'mage* - j'aime.

Kicaj on January 30

Cudowny widok LIkE

Pozdrawiam Kicaj

SD34 13 days ago

Marvelous sight! Excellent photo effect.

☆☆Favorite+L!☆☆

Wishing you a very happy springtime!

greetings from JPN,SD34

Luca Tassi 10 days ago

Bello! L
ciao

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Photo details

  • Uploaded on April 11, 2012
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by Νίκος Γεωργακόπουλος
    • Camera: NIKON CORPORATION NIKON D90
    • Taken on 2011/04/24 10:32:21
    • Exposure: 0.003s (1/320)
    • Focal Length: 18.00mm
    • F/Stop: f/11.000
    • ISO Speed: ISO200
    • Exposure Bias: -0.33 EV
    • No flash

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