The Tower of the Winds

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The Tower of the Winds, also called horologion (timepiece), is an octagonal Pentelic marble clocktower on the Roman agora in Athens. The structure features a combination of sundials, a water clock and a wind vane. It was supposedly built by Andronicus of Cyrrhus around 50 BC, but according to other sources might have been constructed in the 2nd century BC before the rest of the forum.

The 12-metre-tall structure has a diameter of about 8 metres and was topped in antiquity by a weathervane-like Triton that indicated the wind direction Below the frieze depicting the eight wind deities — Boreas (N), Kaikias (NE), Eurus (E), Apeliotes (SE), Notus (S), Livas (SW), Zephyrus (W), and Skiron (NW) — there are eight sundials. In its interior, there was a water clock (or clepsydra), driven by water coming down from the Acropolis. Recent research has shown that the considerable height of the tower was motivated by the intention to place the sundials and the wind-vane at a visible height on the Agora, making it effectively an early example of a clocktower. According to the testimony of Vitruvius and Varro, Andronicus of Cyrrhus designed the structure.

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Comments (347)

乾龍 on April 19, 2012

Very nice shot

I like

Best wishes from Taiwan


Rafl on April 19, 2012

ILIKE super archeology! rafl

senmax on April 19, 2012

Excellent photo! Like!

makis-GREECE ® on April 19, 2012

Πολύ όμορφη εικόνα!


Χαιρετίσματα από Αθήνα!


jfrezende on April 19, 2012

great shot, beautiful!


greetings from Brazil

odeveld on April 19, 2012

Interesting picture, nicely composed! Well done!! L! With friendly greetings, Odeveld

Omar Gobbi on April 20, 2012

very beautiful photo, a very nice place, <LIKE>, best regards, "Omar"

Elena Belloso on April 20, 2012

Wonderful Tower....Well done!! varkos

• LIKE!!!.Cheers Elena

Majka44 on April 20, 2012

Interesting picture, very beautiful photo.


Thanks a lot for your visit.


SzőkeSándor on April 20, 2012
  • Dear Nikos!:-)L/2
  • Very nice shot.Welcome to Hungary,Sandor.
**Melinda❧** on April 21, 2012

Beautiful photo!


Best wishes,Melinda

Marcin Gajewski on April 21, 2012

Super photo LIKE Best regards Magda and Marcin

ðº°~¨ LUISA DIAZ ¨~°… on April 21, 2012

Thanks for leaving us this wonderful image to all the friends of Panoramio, a greeting


ssSUH on April 21, 2012

Great picture!

Magnificent Tower of the Winds structure!

Wonderful vestiges of ancient civilization

Excellent captured and place

Regards, ssSUH

mr scottyow on April 21, 2012

very nice image and photo.



Paulo Tan on April 21, 2012

Thumb up-Like-Paulo Tan

Marek Kleman on April 21, 2012

like pekná veža!

Mircea_RAICU on April 21, 2012


Sveta BSveta on April 21, 2012

Хорошее фото!

Mihail Filev on April 21, 2012


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Photo details

  • Uploaded on April 11, 2012
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by Νίκος Γεωργακόπουλος
    • Taken on 2011/04/24 10:32:21
    • Exposure: 0.003s (1/320)
    • Focal Length: 18.00mm
    • F/Stop: f/11.000
    • ISO Speed: ISO200
    • Exposure Bias: -0.33 EV
    • No flash