St. Sophia Cathedral

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Софийский собор (哈尔滨圣·索非亚大教堂) — недействующий храм Харбинской и Маньчжурской епархии Китайской православной церкви. С ноября 1996 года собор находится в списке памятников культуры Китайской Народной Республики.
Первый деревянный храм Святой Софии был построен для 17-го Восточно-Сибирского (с 1910 года — Сибирского) стрелкового полка в марте 1907 года.
В 1911 году храм претерпел реконструкцию, в результате которой вокруг деревянного храма была выстроена кирпичная стена.
Строительство Софийского собора.
В 1923 году началась вторая перестройка храма, которая продолжалась 9 лет. Полное освящение обновлённого собора произошло **25 ноября 1932 года.
После ухода русских из Харбина собор пришёл в запустение и использовался как склад для торговцев с рынка, располагавшегося в районе Первого харбинского универмага. В период культурной революции существовали планы разрушить храм. Долгие годы собор находился в полнейшем запустении. Некоторое время в здании храма размещалось рабочее общежитие.
В 1997 году собор был отремонтирован городскими властями. Реставрация потребовала больших затрат. Для восстановления соборной площади были снесены несколько жилых кварталов.
В 2006 году храм и площадь претерпели новый ремонт с целью размещения в нём выставочного зала. Для того, чтобы собор и его окружающая обстановка гармонировали друг с другом, здания было подсвечено, установлены 16 групп новых галогенных ламп с рефлектором и более чем 1000 ламп, которые сделали памятник привлекательным. Софийский собор был открыт в начале декабря.
В настоящее время в нём находится архитектурный музей, в котором демонстрируются фотографии и макеты зданий Харбина.

The Cathedral of the Holy Wisdom of God or Saint Sophia Cathedral in Harbin is a former Russian Orthodox church located in the central district of Daoli, Harbin City, Heilongjiang Province, China.
St. Sophia Orthodox Cathedral is one of the most magnificent structures in Harbin. It was built in 1907 after the completion of the Trans-Siberian Railway in 1903, which connected Vladivostok to northeast China. The Russian No.4 Army Division arrived in this region just after Russia's loss to the Japanese in the Russo-Japanese War (1904–1905). St. Sophia Church was built and completed of timber in March, 1907 as part of a plan to reconsolidate the confidence of the army by building an imposing spiritual symbol. Following the establishment of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in mainland China in 1949 by the victorious Communists, who ended all Christian missionary work, treaties were signed between the Soviet and Chinese governments that provided for the turning over of Russian churches to Chinese control. The cathedral was thus closed from the period of the Great Leap Forward (1958–61) and Cultural Revolution (1966–76).
Following its designation in 1996 as a national cultural heritage site (First class Preserved Building), a newspaper article about the "hidden" cathedral prompted donations from locals to restore the church. Local corporations, individual businesses as well as workers from nearby department stores donated money to restore the cathedral and renovate the square. A total of 12,000,000 yuan (approximately $1.5 million US) was eventually gathered and the cathedral regained its visibility in 1997, as the surrounding buildings were torn down.

A new "Harbin Architecture Square" conspicuously highlighted the cathedral with a huge new fountain at its entrance. The European-looking space was assigned a new meaning as the embodiment of culture and art and was re-presented to the public as the proud heritage of the city.
As of 1997 the cathedral was turned into the Municipal Architecture and Art Museum (Harbin Architectural Art Gallery), showcasing the multi-cultural architectural developments of Harbin throughout the ages.

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Comments (450)

Ivan Logvinov on April 20, 2014

Спасибо Вам, Александр!

preciosa catedral !!!

Ivan Logvinov on May 11

Thanks! I'm glad you like it! :)

Nelsachi on June 2


Awesome Photography of this Lovely Cathedral...!!!

Fascinating Architecture & Design...!!!

Great Shot...!!!

Well Done!

I LIKE N° 271 & FAVORITE N° 48

Greetings and My Best Wishes From Caracas - Venezuela...!!!

Have a Nice Week...!!!


Ivan Logvinov on June 7

Hello, Nelsachi! Thanks for your kind comment!

andrew brown on July 19

Impressive church! Well balanced and composed photo!
Best wishes, András

Beautiful architecture! Wonderful photo! Greetings from Ukraine! Ivan

Ivan Logvinov on August 24

Dear András and Иван! Thank you for your kind words! I'm glad you liked the photo!

Argenna on October 7

Unforgetable photo!

Dear friends, you know they want to close Panoramio? Panoramio founders Joaquín , Jose and Eduardo opened a petition on This is the link. Please, sign it . It requires 10,000 signatures. If you don`t sign we shall lose your beautiful photos.

Keep Panoramio alive

The repeated message with the link of the petition is not for people wich have already signed, is for all these members, who haven't signed yet and don't know about the situation and probably they enter in your gallery to see yours photos.

briantravelman on October 9

Why don't they accept areal photos anymore? I posted like 30 areal photos, and NONE of them were accepted for Google Earth. Before, it wasn't a problem.

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Ivan Logvinov
Россия, Амурская область, Blagoveshchensk

Photo taken in Zhongyang Street, Daoli, Harbin, Heilongjiang, China, 150010
Saint Sophia Cathedral in Harbin

Photo details

  • Uploaded on April 21, 2012
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by Ivan Logvinov
    • Camera: Canon EOS 50D
    • Taken on 2012/04/01 16:04:33
    • Exposure: 0.008s
    • Focal Length: 17.00mm
    • F/Stop: f/9.110
    • ISO Speed: ISO100