Dead city

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Comments (4)

Andrey Sulitskiy on October 6, 2008

Hey cool down Mr.Civilian! The Greeks live there 3000 years or more, be patient. I've been in Istanbul many times and in Athens too, in Southern Cyprus and in Northern as well. All of you are good guyes, Turks and Greeks. I have some friends from Turkey and some from Greece. So what's your problem? Why not to live patiently? Modernize Famagusta and live together in peace!

stefan smolen on July 4, 2009

Čaute vy ktorý toto čítate. Volám sa Števo a som z Bratislavy. Na Cypre som bol v roku 2006 pol roka pracovne, z toho asi 1mesiac som žil v Protarase odkia bolo vidieť rozstrieľanú Famagustu. Na otázku:,,čo je to za mesto?´´ domáci odpovedali že je to,,mŕtve mesto´´, iný že je to ,,Famagusta´´. Nechápal som zozačiatku prčo sa mesto volá mŕtve, no po dlhšiom rozhovore mi chlapík povedal, že mesto ktoré je druhé najväčšie na Cypre, sa pri okupácií a ťažkej strelbe turkov asi v roku 1973, postupne vysťahovalo. Dnes je mesto prázdne-takže mŕtve a pre verejnosť nedostupné a strážené vojskom zvonku i zvnútra. Raz som si zaplatil prehliadku autobusom po rôznych zničených dedinkách ktoré boli na turecko-greckej hranici no a čerešničkou bola práve Famagusta. Vtedy som vydel to spustošené či skôr vojnou zničené mesto aj z ďalekohladu. Toto keď som vydel, tak som sa rozhodol že sa tam dostanem. Jeden deň som to skúšal cez more a pláž. Po asi štyroch hodinách som prišiel ku hranici ktorá bola na útese, o čom som predtým samozrejme nevedel a zdialky ju nebolo vydieť. Spoznal som ju podľa vojenskej hraničnej búdky ktoré sú tam tak rozšírené, a samozrejme nechýbal vojak so samopalom na ramene! Pre mňa to bolo znamenie otoč sa a skús to inou trasou. Druhý krát som to skúsil z Protarasu, rovno cez polia a všetko možné čo tam bolo, až do Famagusti. Keď som prichádzal na polia,obchádzal som vojenskú budku-nevšimli si ma. Po asi kilometri som prišiel na tureckú hranicu. Pozdĺž asi celej hranece je natiahnutý ostnatý drôt, a na ňom vysia červené vlajočky s nápisom ,,MINES´´. Tým sa skončila moja púť po dobívaní Famagusti alebo mŕtveho mesta.

alexyflemming on August 5, 2009
  • 1960: Turks and Greeks established "Republic of Cyprus"
  • 1963: Greeks expelled Turks from administration.
  • 1963: Greek Cypriots started applying ethnic cleansing to Turkish Cypriots.
  • 1963: United Nations Peace Force (UNFICYP) came island to protect Turkish Cypriots.

  • 1964: UN Secretary-General Report (10 September 1964, S/5950): 103 Turkish Cypriot villages in South Cyprus were destroyed by Greek Cypriots.

  • 1963-1974: UNFICYP did NOT succeed to protect Turkish Cypriots in a very small island in 11 years. GREEK CYPRUS destroyed all of the 103 TURKISH CYPRUS villages from 1963 to 1974 in South Cyprus. Greekofication of South Cyprus was completed.

  • 1974: Greeks tried to annex the Cyprus island to Greece.
  • 1974: Turkey gave lesson to all who needed.

  • Maraş is in TURKISH CYPRUS, and will be populated by Turkish Cypriots in 2010. Turkofication of North Cyprus will be completed soon as well.

  • Czekoslovakia = Czek + Slovakia

  • Serbia-Montenegro = Serbia + Montenegro (even the same race and religion!)

  • Cyprus = Turkish Cyprus + Greek Cyprus (Since 1963!)

turkofagas on October 23, 2013

Cyprus recent history (Wikipedia)

In 1878, as the result of the Cyprus Convention, the United Kingdom took over the government of Cyprus as a protectorate from the Ottoman Empire. In 1914, at the beginning of World War I, Cyprus was annexed by the United Kingdom. In 1925, following the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, Cyprus was made a Crown Colony. Between 1955-59 EOKA was created by Greek Cypriots and led by George Grivas to perform enosis (union of the island with Greece). However the EOKA campaign did not result union with Greece but rather an independent republic, The Republic of Cyprus, in 1960.

In 1960, the mostly Muslim Turkish Cypriots were only 18% of the Cypriot population[. However, the 1960 constitution put in place a form of power-sharing, or consociational government, in which concessions were made to the Turkish Cypriot minority, for example there was a requirement the vice-president of Cyprus and at least 30% of members of parliament be Turkish Cypriots. Archbishop Makarios would be the President and Dr Fazil Kucuk would become Vice President. One of the articles in the constitution was the creation of separate local municipalities so that Greek and Turkish Cypriots could manage their own municipalities in the big towns.

Internal conflicts turned into full-fledged armed fighting between the two communities on the island which prompted the United Nations to send peacekeeping forces in 1964; these forces are still in place today. In 1974 Greek Cypriots performed a military coup with the support of military junta in Greece. Turkey used the coup as a pretext to invade the northern portion of the island. Turkish forces remained after a cease-fire, resulting in the partition of the island; an objective of Turkey since 1955. The intercommunal violence and subsequent Turkish invasion led to the displacement of hundreds of thousands of Cypriots.

The de facto state of Northern Cyprus was proclaimed in 1975 under the name "Turkish Federated State of Northern Cyprus". The name was changed to its present form on 15 November 1983. The only country to formally recognise The "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" is Turkey. Hundreds of thousands of Turkish settlers have been granted right to illegally reside in the 'TRNC' and allowed to reside on Greek Cypriot land and property in order to change the island's demographic in favour of the Turkish Cypriots. The international community considers the North as occupied territory of the Republic of Cyprus and Turkey has repeatedly violated numerous UN Resolutions calling on it to withdraw its occupation.

In 2002 UN Secretary General Kofi Annan started a new round of negotiations for the unification of the island. In 2004 after long negotiations between both sides a plan for unification of the island emerged. The resulting plan was supported by UN, EU and the US. The nationalists in both sides campaigned for the rejection of the plan but Turkish side accepted the plan while Greek side rejected it.

After Cyprus became a member of the European Union in 2004, it adopted the Euro as its currency on January 1, 2008, replacing the previously used Cypriot Pound; whilst the illegally occupied areas continued to use the Turkish Lira and on January 1, 2008 the New Turkish Lira.

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Photo details

  • Uploaded on January 20, 2008
  • Attribution-No Derivative Works
    by Andrey Sulitskiy
    • Camera: Minolta Co., Ltd. DiMAGE 7i
    • Taken on 2004/05/12 15:37:30
    • Exposure: 0.002s (1/500)
    • Focal Length: 9.29mm
    • F/Stop: f/8.000
    • ISO Speed: ISO100
    • Exposure Bias: 0.00 EV
    • No flash

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