St. Basil's Cathedral,Moscow ( by D.Vasilogiannis)

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The Cathedral of the Protection of Most Holy Theotokos on the Moat (Russian: Собор Покрова пресвятой Богородицы, что на Рву) or Pokrovsky Cathedral (Russian: Покровский собор) - both are official names used by the Russian Orthodox Church[4] - also known as the Cathedral of St. Vasily the Blessed but popularly as Saint Basil's Cathedral (Russian: Собор Василия Блаженного), is a Russian Orthodox church erected on Red Square in Moscow in 1555–61 on orders from Ivan the Terrible. It commemorates the capture of Kazan and Astrakhan.

St. Basil's marks the geometric center of Moscow. It has been the hub of the city's growth since the 14th century[5][6] and was the city's tallest building until the completion of the Ivan the Great Bell Tower in 1600.

The original building, known as "Trinity Church" and later "Trinity Cathedral", contained eight side churches arranged around the ninth, central church of Intercession; the tenth church was erected in 1588 over the grave of venerated local saint Vasily (Basil). In the 16th and 17th centuries the church, perceived as the earthly symbol of the Heavenly City,[8] as happens to all churches in Byzantine Christianity, was popularly known as the "Jerusalem" and served as an allegory of the Jerusalem Temple in the annual Palm Sunday parade attended by the Patriarch of Moscow and the tsar.

The building's design, shaped as a flame of a bonfire rising into the sky,[10] has no analogues in Russian architecture: "It is like no other Russian building. Nothing similar can be found in the entire millennium of Byzantine tradition from the fifth to fifteenth century ... a strangeness that astonishes by its unexpectedness, complexity and dazzling interleaving of the manifold details of its design."[11] The cathedral foreshadowed the climax of Russian national architecture in the 17th century.

As part of the program of state atheism, the church was confiscated from the Russian Orthodox community as part of the Soviet Union's anti-theist campaigns and has operated as a division of the State Historical Museum since 1928.[13] It was completely and forcefully secularized in 1929[13] and, as of 2011, remains a federal property of the Russian Federation. The church has been part of the Moscow Kremlin and Red Square UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1990.[14] It is often mislabelled as the Kremlin owing to its location on Red Square in immediate proximity of the Kremlin. (Wikipedia)

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Comments (179)

Giorgos Dimitriadis on April 14, 2014

Thanks a lot Bert for kind comment and Like 76

Cornleo on May 30, 2014

Great photo, YSL, greetings Agathe

Giorgos Dimitriadis on May 31, 2014

Thanks a lot Cornleo for nice comment and YsL 43/77

Antonio Aroca on May 31, 2014

Una hermosa foto de un hermoso monumento. Gracias por la explicación. L78+F44. Saludos cordiales.

Giorgos Dimitriadis on June 1, 2014

Thanks a lot Antonio for kind comment and YsL 44/78

Jurek Adamski on July 21, 2014

Piękne foto. L+F

Pozdrawiam. Jurek

Giorgos Dimitriadis on July 21, 2014

Thanks a lot Jurek for nice comment and Like 45/80

Giancarlo Amadio on September 14, 2014

Superb image, congratulations nice shot. Hello George., Happy Sunday to you and your family .. LIKE! + FAV! Gianni.

Giorgos Dimitriadis on September 14, 2014

Thanks a lot Gianni for kind comment and YsL 46/81

Reiner Vogeley on November 27, 2014

A very nice photo of the cathedral. I ℒike the photo and give a ℒike +av..

Greetings, Reiner

Giorgos Dimitriadis on November 28, 2014

Thanks a lot Reiner for nice comment and Ys 47

Far lang on December 10, 2014

Wonderful capture. FAV+LIKE. Greetings, Heinz.

Giorgos Dimitriadis on December 10, 2014

Thanks a lot Heinz for kind comment and YsL 48/82

RNLatvian on December 17, 2014

Really beautiful! Like! Greetings!

Giorgos Dimitriadis on December 18, 2014

Thanks a lot RNLatvian for nice comment and Like 83

49/84,Beautiful photo,best greetings,TEDDY

Thank you TEDDY for kind comment and YsL 49/84

angelius1979 on June 1

native landscape

Thank you angelius1979 for kind comment and YsL 50/85

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Photo details

  • Uploaded on May 27, 2012
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by Giorgos Dimitriadis
    • Camera: SONY DSC-W85
    • Taken on 2010/08/10 23:35:23
    • Exposure: 0.002s (1/500)
    • Focal Length: 11.40mm
    • F/Stop: f/4.000
    • ISO Speed: ISO160
    • Exposure Bias: 0.00 EV
    • No flash