Second Wave at Dusk, Arizona

Selected for Google Maps and Google Earth

I took this photo during my hike in January 2012 after winning a lottery. This unique fragile area is protected and is limited to no more than 20 people accessing it each day.

"The Wave” consists of intersecting U-shaped troughs that have been eroded into Navajo Sandstone of Jurassic age. The two major troughs, which comprise this rock formation, are 19 meters wide by 36 meters long and 2 meters wide by 16 meters long. Initially, infrequent runoff eroded these troughs along joints within the Navajo Sandstone. After their formation, the drainage basin, which fed rainwater to these troughs, shrank to the point that the runoff became insufficient to contribute to the cutting of these troughs. As a result, the troughs are now almost exclusively eroded by wind as indicated by the orientation of erosional steps and risers cut into the sandstone along their steep walls. These erosional steps and risers are oriented relative to predominate direction of the wind as it is now naturally funneled into and through these troughs.[1][2]

The Wave exposes large, eolian sets of cross-bedded sandstone composed of rhythmic and cyclic alternating grainflow and windripple laminae. The rhythmic and cyclic alternating laminae represent periodic changes in the prevailing winds during the Jurassic as huge sand dunes migrated across a sandy desert. The thin ridges and ribbing seen within The Wave are the result of the differential erosion of rhythmic and cyclic alternating grainflow and windripple laminae within the Navajo Sandstone. These laminae have differing resistance to erosion as they have been differentially cemented according to variations in the grain size of the sand composing them. The soft sandstone, including the ridges and ribbing, of The Wave is fragile. As a result, a person needs to walk carefully to not break the small ridges.[3][4][5]

In places, The Wave exposes deformed laminae within the Navajo Sandstone. These laminae were deformed prior to the lithification of the sand to form sandstone. Judging from their physical characteristics, this deformation likely represents the trampling and churning of these sands by dinosaurs right after their deposition. Dinosaur tracks and the fossil burrows of desert-dwelling arthropods, such as beetles and other insects, have been found within the Navajo Sandstone within the North Coyote Buttes Wilderness Area" - From Wikipedia

Show more
Show less
Save Cancel Want to use bold, italic, links?

Comments (259)

Christos Theodorou on September 27, 2014

Great photo ! Hello from Athens

It’s so simple : Do you want Panoramio alive ? Sign the petition form. We need minimum 10.000 signatures !

C’est tout simple : Voulez vous que Panoramio reste en vie ? Signer la forme de petition. Nous avons besoin un minimum de 10.000 signatures !

Es tan simple : ¿ Quieres viva Panoramio ? Firma el formulario de petición. Necesitamos a partir de 10.000 firmas !

É tão simples : Você quer Panoramio vivo ? Assine o formulário de petição. Precisamos mínimos de 10.000 assinaturas !

È così semplice : Vuoi viva Panoramio ? Firma la petizione. Abbiamo bisogno di minimo 10.000 firme !

Είναι τόσο απλό : Θέλετε το Panoramio να επιβιώσει ? Υπογράψτε την αίτηση. Χρειαζόμαστε 10.000 υπογραφές !

Argenna on October 7, 2014

Unforgetable photo!

Dear friends, you know they want to close Panoramio? Panoramio founders Joaquín , Jose and Eduardo opened a petition on Please, sign it . This is the link. It requires 10,000 signatures. If you don`t sign we shall lose your beautiful photos.

Keep Panoramio alive

n.p. photography on October 15, 2014

Beautiful image L+F!

Jose Reyes Dominguez on October 28, 2014

hermosa nuestra estrella

Karl Pallinger on November 6, 2014

Atembetaubend schön!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! L+F viele Grüße, karl

Brian Gymer on November 20, 2014

I Like this one ELena.You have a very interesting gallery.

Best wishes from Australia....Brian.

Lalyk on November 22, 2014

Like and Favorite! Wonderful! Greetings from Constanta, Romania. Lia :)

IdrizS. Agović Mačak on November 30, 2014


Mone de Castro on December 22, 2014

Incrível lugar.




Hanspeter Bodmer on January 4, 2015

A truly spectacular shot.


Станислав Рубан on January 21, 2015

Мої вітання Elena! Фантастичний краєвид! Невже таке може бути? L+F З найкращими побажаннями з УКРАЇНИ, із Дніпропетровська, Станіслав.

Significado de Nombr… on February 27, 2015

wow!! where is it??

Rheltic on February 28, 2015

it's like a mystery journey to alien planet!

Yaopor E on June 2, 2015


GUILLERMO ORTEGA on June 5, 2015


Gelo Valle on July 2, 2015

Fantastic shot, great colors, LIKE + FAV! Greetings from Genoa, planet Earth

Eduardo Ortin on September 4, 2015

Impresionante paisaje y una excelente fotografía,Elena.L+F.Saludos de Eduardo.

Drezzy Moda on November 11, 2015

Great shot!

Slávka K on November 23, 2015

Nádherné umelecké dielo

Sign up to comment. Sign in if you already did it.

Photo details

  • Uploaded on June 30, 2012
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by Elena Omelchenko
    • Camera: Canon EOS 5D Mark II
    • Taken on 2012/01/14 03:01:31
    • Exposure: 0.002s (1/640)
    • Focal Length: 29.00mm
    • F/Stop: f/11.000
    • ISO Speed: ISO100
    • Exposure Bias: -2.00 EV
    • No flash