The friezes on the outside entrance depicting Indian farmers at Crawford Market,Mumbai 6/2012

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The architecture of Mumbai blends Gothic, Victorian, Art Deco, Indo-Saracenic and contemporary architectural styles. Many buildings, structures and historical monuments remain from the colonial era. Mumbai, after Miami, has the second largest number of Art Deco buildings in the world. Crawford Market (officially Mahatma Jyotiba Phule Mandai, Marathi: is one of South Mumbai's most famous markets. It is named after Arthur Crawford, the first Municipal Commissioner of the city. The Market was later named after Mahatma Jotirao Phule after a long struggle by the President of Mahatma Phule Smarak Samiti, Mukundraoji Bhujbal Patil. The building, completed in 1869, was donated to the city by Cowasji Jehangir. In 1882, the building was the first in India to be lit up by electricity. The market was designed by British architect William Emerson. The edifice is a blend of Norman and Flemish architectural styles. The friezes on the outside entrance depicting Indian farmers, and the stone fountains inside, were designed by Lockwood Kipling, father of novelist Rudyard Kipling. The market covers an area of 22,471 sq m (24,000 sq ft) which 5,515 sq m (6,000 sq ft) is occupied by the building itself. The structure was built using coarse buff coloured Kurla stone, with redstone from Bassein. It has a 15 m high skylight awning designed to allow the sunlight brighten up the marketplace.

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Photo taken in Dhobi Talao, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Area, Fort, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Photo details

  • Uploaded on July 9, 2012
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by F. Zaman
    • Camera: Panasonic DMC-TZ10
    • Taken on 2012/06/11 12:12:44
    • Exposure: 0.006s (1/160)
    • Focal Length: 6.90mm
    • F/Stop: f/4.000
    • ISO Speed: ISO125
    • Exposure Bias: 0.00 EV
    • No flash

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