"The Igloolik Research Center (IRC) with its main building with offices and laboratories, as well as warm and cold warehouses is located in the hamlet of Igloolik, Nunavut, Canada (69°22’34” N, 81°48’11” W). The center is located on a small island at the northern tip of the Foxe Basin, in between the continent and the large Baffi n Island. Additional facilities include stations in Kugluktuk (67°49’ N, 115°06’ W), Arviat (61°06’ N, 94°03’ W), Pond Inlet (72°41’57” N, 77°57’33” W), and Iqaluit (63°44’ N, 68°31’ W). BIODIVERSITY AND NATURAL ENVIRONMENT Igloolik is located in the tundra zone and is part of the northern arctic ecozone. Snow cover usually remains from September to June. Extremely low temperatures are common (-30°C as a mean temperature during winter month). The average precipitation per year is c. 280 mm. Much of the landscape is composed of barren plains covered by frost-patterned soils and rock outcrop. This area is rich in sea mammals and seabirds, with charismatic polar bears, belugas, and killer whales. The terrestrial wildlife includes in particular caribou (although declining in abundance), Arctic foxes, several waterfowl species, snow geese, falcons, and lemmings."