Lorton Reformatory was the prison for Washington DC. It started off as a new model for reforming prisoners through work skills. It was meant to be totally self sufficient, but didn't quite ever achieve that goal. Although in many ways it came close. The prison which was funded by Congress in 1910 and had no bars, fences or walls. People described it as being like a college campus. By the time it closed in 1998 it was a nightmarish hell. The prison was built with bricks made in this and eight other kilns. This one was left standing as a monument to the prisoners efforts. The bricks produced here also were used in many public building that were built in Washington DC.