The Antikythera mechanism - An ancient computer (Virtual reality).

Selected for Google Maps and Google Earth

The mechanism is the oldest known complex scientific calculator. It contains many gears and is sometimes called the first known analog computer,although the quality of its manufacture suggests that it may have had a number of undiscovered predecessors during the Hellenistic Period. It appears to be constructed upon theories of astronomy and mathematics developed by Greek astronomers. It is estimated to have been made around 100 BC. In 1974, Yale University Professor Derek de Solla Price concluded from gear settings and inscriptions on the mechanism's faces that the mechanism was made about 87 BC and was lost only a few years later.

It is believed to be made of a low-tin bronze alloy (95% copper, 5% tin), but the device's advanced state of corrosion has made it impossible to perform an accurate compositional analysis.

All of the mechanism's instructions are written in Koine Greek,[7] and the consensus among scholars is that the mechanism was made in the Greek-speaking world. One hypothesis is that the device was constructed at an academy founded by the Stoic philosopher Posidonius on the Greek island of Rhodes, which at the time was known as a center of astronomy and mechanical engineering; this hypothesis further suggests that the mechanism may have been designed by the astronomer Hipparchus, since it contains a lunar mechanism which uses Hipparchus's theory for the motion of the Moon. However, recent findings of The Antikythera Mechanism Research Project suggest that the concept for the mechanism originated in the colonies of Corinth, which might imply a connection with Archimedes.

It was discovered in a shipwreck off Point Glyphadia on the Greek island of Antikythera. The wreck had been found in October 1900 and divers had retrieved numerous artifacts, most of them works of art, which had been transferred to the National Museum of Archaeology for storage. On 17 May 1902, archaeologist Valerios Stais was examining the finds and noticed that one of the pieces of rock had a gear wheel embedded in it. Stais initially believed it was an astronomical clock, but most scholars considered the device an anachronism, too complex to have been constructed during the same period as the other pieces that had been discovered. Investigations into the object were soon dropped until English physicist Derek J. de Solla Price became interested in it in 1951.

It is not known how it came to be on the cargo ship, but it has been suggested that it was being taken to Rome, together with other treasure looted from the island, to support a triumphal parade being staged by Julius Caesar.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Show more
Show less
Save Cancel Want to use bold, italic, links?

Comments (153)

hschwe on December 13, 2013

An excellent view on ancient "computer"!! Magnificent view!!! Well done,varkos'!

LIKE & FAVORITE

Greetings, my best wishes from Lower Rhine and have a nice day, Helmut!!!

Thank you for your visit, dear worthy comments and ratings*

The Red on December 14, 2013

Like 145

Affascinante!

Marina T on December 26, 2013

like 145 & ys 26

interessante, saluti Marina

Dust... on December 27, 2013

+++ !!!!!
liKe it !
amitié des pyrénées

ΧΡΗΣΤΟΣ ΑΡΓΥΡΙΟΥ on December 30, 2013

Πολυ ομορφη δουλειά Νίκο,θαυμάσιο κάδρο και μια σπουδαία ανάρτηση!Σου ευχομαι υγεία και κάθε ευτυχία για το νέο ετος 2014!Φιλικά απο την Ξάνθη,Χρήστος!!!

GNIEDY Jerzy on January 5, 2014

Interesujące!!!(L+F)Serdecznie pozdrawiam z Polski!<Jerzy>

christian caffin on January 19, 2014

Attractive composition! I like it! Best regards, Christian

Fen on January 30, 2014

Красивое фото! F+L. С наилучшими пожеланиями из Карелии, Fen

Annelise L Floroian on February 1, 2014

Like

Pasithei on March 4

Εξαιρετική η φωτογραφία σου, Νίκο!

Α + Α

και στη λίστα των αγαπημένων φωτογράφων μου...

Kastl on April 22

L 153, looks interesting.

Echeveria :) on May 4

Muy bonita e interesante! Me gusta y favorita :)

Nicola Morandi on May 7

Composizione fantastica, molto bella! Tanti Saluti dal Trentino, Nicola M.Like+Fav

Sign up to comment. Sign in if you already did it.

Photo details

  • Uploaded on July 23, 2012
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by varkos
    • Camera: Panasonic DMC-FZ150
    • Taken on 2012/07/22 08:31:29
    • Exposure: 0.040s (1/25)
    • Focal Length: 4.50mm
    • F/Stop: f/2.800
    • ISO Speed: ISO800
    • Exposure Bias: 0.00 EV
    • No flash

Groups