In 1610, the English whaler Jonas Poole discovered the first pieces of coal on the southern shores of Kongsfjorden Spitsbergen. It takes three hundred years before starting the commercial exploitation of coal deposits, when Captain Peter S. Brandal needs coal to fuel its steamers during WWI. The mines ceased operations in 1962 after the explosion of a mine where 21 miners lost their lives in Ny-Ålesund. Roger.
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