One of Henry VIIIs Device Forts also known as an Henrician Castle built in 1544 on the waterfront on the southern end of Portsea Island, an area that became Southsea after the name of the castle. It was built to guard the eastern entrance to the Solent and the entrance to Portsmouth Harbour. Henry VIII watched the Mary Rose sink from near this location. The forts were built following a renewed threat from the French in the 1540s after Henry's divorce from Catherine of Aragon left England policitally isolated when Henry became head of the English church challenging the papacy and the Peace of Nice in 1538 between France and Spain aroused fears of invasion. The Pope was not a happy man and did a bit of stirring when the catholics were hounded out of England, those that were not done away with! The forts were later used in the English Civil War and were refortified at various times during the Napoleonic Wars, and First and Second World Wars. I also recently visited Pendennis Castle at Falmouth, St Mawes Castle across the estuary and at Fowey St Catherine's Castle, all Henrician Castles in Cornwall. See previous Panoramio photos.
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Photo taken in Southsea, Portsmouth, UK
Misplaced? Suggest new location