Isthmus of Corinth... (Corinth - Greece)

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Isthmus of Corinth

The Isthmus of Corinth is the narrow land bridge which connects the Peloponnese peninsula with the rest of the mainland of Greece, near the city of Corinth. The word "isthmus" comes from the Ancient Greek word for "neck" and refers to the narrowness of the land.[1] The Isthmus was known in the ancient world as the landmark separating Peloponnese from mainland of Greece. Theseus, on his way to Athens erected a pillar on the Isthmus of Corinth, which bears two inscriptions. One towards the East, i.e. towards Attica reading: "Here is not Peloponnesus, but Ionia" (τάδ᾽ οὐχὶ Πελοπόννησος, ἀλλ᾽ Ἰωνία) and the one towards the West, i.e. towards the Peloponnese: "Here is Peloponnesus, not Ionia" (τάδ᾽ ἐστὶ Πελοπόννησος, οὐκ Ἰωνία).[2] To the west of the Isthmus is the Gulf of Corinth, to the east the Saronic Gulf. Since 1893 the Corinth Canal has run through the 6.3 km wide isthmus, effectively making the Peloponnese an island. Today, two road bridges, two railway bridges and two submersible bridges at both ends of the canal connect the mainland side of the isthmus with the Peloponnese side. Also a military emergency bridge is located at the west end of the canal.

The idea for a shortcut to save boats sailing all round the Peloponnese was long considered by the Ancient Greeks. The first attempt to build a canal there was carried out by the tyrant Periander in the 7th century BC. He abandoned the project owing to technical difficulties, and instead constructed a simpler and less costly overland stone ramp, named Diolkos, as a portage road. Remnants of Diolkos still exist today next to the modern canal. When the Roman republic (later to be the Roman Empire) took control of Greece, a number of different solutions were tried. Julius Caesar foresaw the advantages of a link for his newly built Colonia Laus Iulia Corinthiensis. By the reign of Tiberius, engineers tried to dig a canal, but were defeated by lack of modern equipment. Instead they built an Ancient Egyptian device: boats were rolled across the isthmus on logs, as the Egyptians had rolled blocks of granite to make their pyramids. This was in use by AD 32. In AD 67, the philhellene Roman emperor Nero ordered 6,000 slaves to dig a canal with spades. According to Pliny the Elder, the work advanced four stadia (about 5/8 kilometers).[3] The following year Nero died, and his successor Galba abandoned the project as being too expensive. In the modern era, the idea was first seriously proposed in 1830, soon after Greece's independence from the Ottoman Empire, and was brought to completion in 1893 after eleven years' work.

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Comments (168)

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janamare26 on September 27, 2012

Excellent shot.L+F.Greetings,Mirjana

João Paulo Coutinho on September 27, 2012

Bela foto.LIKE

Ilie Olar on September 27, 2012

Very nice picture! Beautiful man made landscape! I like it! Greetings, Ilie

Heinz Peierl on September 27, 2012

Schön und eng, klasse Bild

Like 4

Danke für den Besuch in meiner Galerie und die netten Worte. Habe mich sehr darüber gefreut

Viele Grüße von der Mosel

Heinz

Alfredo Henriques on September 27, 2012

Bom enquadramento Makis lk

Saudações desde Lisboa, Alfredo

József Rózsa on September 27, 2012

Hello my friend !

Impressive photo !! LIKE !! Friendly greetings, József

Pantelis65 on September 27, 2012

Ωραία φωτογραφία. Αρέσει+YS, χαιρετισμούς Παντελής

Albrecht H. on September 27, 2012

Fantastic place. Exelent picture!!

LIKE 8 & YS 5

My best wishes - A.

kurt Oblak on September 27, 2012

Interessanter Kanal,klasse fotografiert,like 9,gruß KURT

Mojzer László on September 27, 2012

Hi Makis! Hungary also has implications on the construction site.!! The current canal was built between 1881 and 1893, the Greek government of Hungary, and Stephen Türr the construction of the Panama Canal is also involved in projects of Béla Gerster. French company starts the construction of the two ends of the channel kimélyítése after bankruptcy. Antonisz Matszas led a group of Greek businessmen took over the project, which eventually finished in 10 years of construction. The Canal at the top of the technical achievements included. Greetings: Laci LIKE

Pepino on September 27, 2012

very good capture and very interesting place, excelent work, congratulations Makis, 11+7 for this photo and best wishes from Slovakia, Pepino

Hollis chen on September 27, 2012

LIKE very Fantastic place!!Very good composition.

Greetings from Taiwan,HungChu Chen

Inka Cze on September 27, 2012

Excellent perspective ! LIKE Inka

Gene M. on September 27, 2012

Hi Makis, very intersting and beautiful shot! Great perspective! Like 14 ♥. Best greetings from France, Geneviève

Krystyna Koch on September 27, 2012

Really great composition!

L & F Warm greetings from Gliwice, Poland, Krystyna.

A..W.. on September 27, 2012

Very nice. LIKE Greetings

kuins on September 27, 2012

Прекрасна снимка, Макис!

Like +F

Поздрави от Бургас!

Michele Miccoli on September 27, 2012

Bellissimo il canale di Corinto, mi piace!

Un caro saluto dall'Italia!

Michele

Jean-Paul CERNY on September 27, 2012

like19 j'aime vos photos, merci de votre visite !

http://jpcerny.wordpress.com/

Imre Lakat on September 27, 2012

Very good shot , beautiful photo !

Like it.

Best wishes Imre

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Photo taken in Ethniki Odos 8, Loutraki-Agioi Theodoroi, Greece
Corinth Canal

Photo details

  • Uploaded on September 27, 2012
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by makis ®
    • Camera: Canon EOS 1000D
    • Taken on 2009/03/29 11:00:31
    • Exposure: 0.005s (1/200)
    • Focal Length: 18.00mm
    • F/Stop: f/9.000
    • ISO Speed: ISO200
    • Exposure Bias: 0.00 EV
    • No flash

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