Isthmus of Corinth... (Corinth - Greece)

Selected for Google Maps and Google Earth

Isthmus of Corinth

The Isthmus of Corinth is the narrow land bridge which connects the Peloponnese peninsula with the rest of the mainland of Greece, near the city of Corinth. The word "isthmus" comes from the Ancient Greek word for "neck" and refers to the narrowness of the land.[1] The Isthmus was known in the ancient world as the landmark separating Peloponnese from mainland of Greece. Theseus, on his way to Athens erected a pillar on the Isthmus of Corinth, which bears two inscriptions. One towards the East, i.e. towards Attica reading: "Here is not Peloponnesus, but Ionia" (τάδ᾽ οὐχὶ Πελοπόννησος, ἀλλ᾽ Ἰωνία) and the one towards the West, i.e. towards the Peloponnese: "Here is Peloponnesus, not Ionia" (τάδ᾽ ἐστὶ Πελοπόννησος, οὐκ Ἰωνία).[2] To the west of the Isthmus is the Gulf of Corinth, to the east the Saronic Gulf. Since 1893 the Corinth Canal has run through the 6.3 km wide isthmus, effectively making the Peloponnese an island. Today, two road bridges, two railway bridges and two submersible bridges at both ends of the canal connect the mainland side of the isthmus with the Peloponnese side. Also a military emergency bridge is located at the west end of the canal.

The idea for a shortcut to save boats sailing all round the Peloponnese was long considered by the Ancient Greeks. The first attempt to build a canal there was carried out by the tyrant Periander in the 7th century BC. He abandoned the project owing to technical difficulties, and instead constructed a simpler and less costly overland stone ramp, named Diolkos, as a portage road. Remnants of Diolkos still exist today next to the modern canal. When the Roman republic (later to be the Roman Empire) took control of Greece, a number of different solutions were tried. Julius Caesar foresaw the advantages of a link for his newly built Colonia Laus Iulia Corinthiensis. By the reign of Tiberius, engineers tried to dig a canal, but were defeated by lack of modern equipment. Instead they built an Ancient Egyptian device: boats were rolled across the isthmus on logs, as the Egyptians had rolled blocks of granite to make their pyramids. This was in use by AD 32. In AD 67, the philhellene Roman emperor Nero ordered 6,000 slaves to dig a canal with spades. According to Pliny the Elder, the work advanced four stadia (about 5/8 kilometers).[3] The following year Nero died, and his successor Galba abandoned the project as being too expensive. In the modern era, the idea was first seriously proposed in 1830, soon after Greece's independence from the Ottoman Empire, and was brought to completion in 1893 after eleven years' work.

From Wikipedia

Show more
Show less
Save Cancel Want to use bold, italic, links?

Comments (167)

Garzer on September 27, 2012

Excellent photo!L 21 + Fa 10! Greetings, Klaus

♥ ♥ Osho Angel ♥ ♥ on September 27, 2012

amazing beauty

eric-bretagne-29 on September 27, 2012

impressionnante photo c'est beau
L+F
amitiés eric

nino evola on September 27, 2012

Superbe perspetive and nice picture

YSL

A dear greetings from italy

Nino

►gu®iga56◄ on September 27, 2012

YS+Like for great shot.

Friendly greetings, Laci

Esztella on September 27, 2012

Μεγάλη φωτογραφία! I love it!

Γεια σας, Esztella

Omar Gobbi on September 27, 2012

Amazing, Brilliant shot, <YS & LK*>, best regards. "Omar"

dimilouk on September 27, 2012

aresi poli....

jo.yosi on September 27, 2012

Hello Makis.

Beautiful and brilliant picture.

LIKE-28.

Greetings from Yosi.

ANGEL, EL ALFA III on September 27, 2012

Impresionante Like. Saludos desde Madrid, España

angel l. filgueiras on September 27, 2012

Muy hermosa. Me gusta

bayernengel on September 27, 2012

fantastische diese Schlucht, sehr beeindruckend, like

Nenad Obradovic on September 28, 2012

Very nice photo Like and favorite

Melsen Felipe on September 28, 2012

Felicitaciones por este impresionante y extraordinario registro, L + Fav.

Le estrecho la mano y le digo ¡pura vida!, Melsen Felipe

cjlin on September 28, 2012

Great photo. cjlin

Buts Yuri on September 28, 2012

Very nice perspective, LIKE 34 !! Best wishes, Yuri.

Martin Beitz on September 28, 2012

Excellent photo. YSL. The waves are just awesome. Greetings, Martin.

lekibau on September 28, 2012

Great shot. Greetings from Timor leste. Luis

Konstantin Smirnov (… on September 28, 2012

Very interesting shot! Good job.

Like 36.

Warm greetings from Kostia.

Andy Rodker on September 28, 2012

Simple but effective composition and a very pleasing scene.

And many thanks for providing the information. I learned somethong today as I HAD thought the canal WAS completed in ancient times. But then I should have realised that it was not included as one of the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World when it suely would have been!

ysl Best wishes, Andy

Sign up to comment. Sign in if you already did it.

Photo details

  • Uploaded on September 27, 2012
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by makis-GREECE ®
    • Camera: Canon EOS 1000D
    • Taken on 2009/03/29 11:00:31
    • Exposure: 0.005s (1/200)
    • Focal Length: 18.00mm
    • F/Stop: f/9.000
    • ISO Speed: ISO200
    • Exposure Bias: 0.00 EV
    • No flash

Groups