Cypress swamps are found in the southern United States. They are named for the bald cypress tree, Taxodium distichum. Bald cypress trees are deciduous trees with needle-like leaves. They have very wide bases and "knees" that grow from their roots and stick up out of the water. Bald cypress trees can grow to 100 to 120 feet tall.
Fire plays an important role in the establishment of bald cypress swamps. Cypress trees grow very quickly after a fire and re-establish themselves before other trees have a chance to grow! Many of the bald cypress trees in cypress swamps in the U.S. were cut down in the late 1800s and the early 1900s. The wood from the bald cypress is resistant to rot and was a popular wood for building. www.nhptv.org/natureworks/nwep7i.htm