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Golitha Falls.

Although the reserve contains some areas of open meadow it consists largely of sessile oak or mixed oak and ash woodland - a relic of the ancient woodland that once covered much of the surrounding area.

Part of the site contains an old planted beech avenue. These trees are notable for the lichens festooning their upper branches, and are protected by a Tree Preservation Order. As well as lichens the reserve is notable for its diverse liverwort and moss communities. Around 50 liverwort species have been recorded at the site, together with 98 moss species, some rare.

The steep valley sides have thin soils which support plants such as greater woodrush, bilberry, hard fern, wavy-hair grass and common cow-wheat. Deeper soils support large patches of bluebells, and meadow areas are home to plants such as bugle, self-heal, white clover, common tormentil and valerian.

The local area contains many abandoned mine workings and some of these are home to bats such as the noctule, brown long-eared and lesser horseshoe.

Some 30 species of breeding birds have been recorded at the site including buzzard, dipper, nuthatch and treecreeper.

The site supports 83 moth species including the notable double lines. Local butterflies include the meadow brown, marbled

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launceston, cornwall

Photo details

  • Uploaded on October 21, 2012
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by David Goodman