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'Tower of London...' * Olympist ©

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Tower of London

Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress, more commonly known as the Tower of London, is a historic castle on the north bank of the River Thames in central London, England, United Kingdom. It lies within the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, separated from the eastern edge of the square mile of the City of London by the open space known as Tower Hill. It was founded towards the end of 1066 as part of the Norman Conquest of England. The White Tower, which gives the entire castle its name, was built by William the Conqueror in 1078, and was a resented symbol of oppression, inflicted upon London by the new ruling elite. The castle was used as a prison since at least 1100, although that was not its primary purpose. A grand palace early in its history, it served as a royal residence. As a whole, the Tower is a complex of several buildings set within two concentric rings of defensive walls and a moat. There were several phases of expansion, mainly under Kings Richard the Lionheart, Henry III, and Edward I in the 12th and 13th centuries. The general layout established by the late 13th century remains despite later activity on the site.

The Tower of London has played a prominent role in English history. It was besieged several times and controlling it has been important to controlling the country. The Tower has served variously as an armoury, a treasury, a menagerie, the home of the Royal Mint, a public records office, and the home of the Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom. From the early 14th century until the reign of Charles II, a procession would be led from the Tower to Westminster Abbey on the coronation of a monarch. In the absence of the monarch, the Constable of the Tower is in charge of the castle. This was a powerful and trusted position in the medieval period. In the late 15th century the castle was the prison of the Princes in the Tower. Under the Tudors, the Tower became used less as a royal residence, and despite attempts to refortify and repair the castle its defences lagged behind developments to deal with artillery.

The peak period of the castle's use as a prison was the 16th and 17th centuries, when many figures who had fallen into disgrace, such as Elizabeth I before she became queen, were held within its walls. This use has led to the phrase "sent to the Tower". Despite its enduring reputation as a place of torture and death, popularised by 16th-century religious propagandists and 19th-century writers, only seven people were executed within the Tower before the World Wars of the 20th century. Executions were more commonly held on the notorious Tower Hill to the north of the castle, with 112 occurring there over a 400-year period. In the latter half of the 19th century, institutions such as the Royal Mint moved out of the castle to other locations, leaving many buildings empty. Anthony Salvin and John Taylor took the opportunity to restore the Tower to what was felt to be its medieval appearance, clearing out many of the vacant post-medieval structures. In the First and Second World Wars, the Tower was again used as a prison, and witnessed the executions of 12 men for espionage. After the Second World War, damage caused during the Blitz was repaired and the castle reopened to the public. Today the Tower of London is one of the country's most popular tourist attractions. It is cared for by the charity Historic Royal Palaces and is protected as a World Heritage Site.

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Comments (260)

minka1991 on May 27, 2013

Sehr schönes Foto ...Like 249 & Favorit 111...Gruß Heinz

csiszerd on May 30, 2013

I like the photo a great evening!

Greetings, Dezső

Catherine A on June 9, 2013

beautiful castle. Like + Fav. Greeting, Catherine.

Paolo Bonassin on June 15, 2013

OLYMPIST Una bella inquadratura Like Ti invio i miei saluti, Paolo

Adorjáni Attila on June 22, 2013

Beautiful photo! YSL! Greetings, Attila

♥ Kama ♥ - moved to … on June 24, 2013

• Simply: FANTASTIC, Like a lot.

• by ♥ Kama ♥ - My viewer

Jan van Aartsen on June 27, 2013

Beautiful nightshot OLYMPIST, I Like It.


DerJulian06 on July 31, 2013


RitaSh on August 17, 2013

Very beautiful!


Alexandra & Karl-Hei… on August 22, 2013

Fantastic photo of the Tower, stunning perspective and colours. LIKE & FAV!

Best wishes, Alexandra & Karl-Heinz

Pierre Durand on September 19, 2013

Beautiful !!!LK

Greetings --Pierre

BritPlom on October 24, 2013

& nice photo!

L + F

Greetings, François

Joli Harsányi on November 13, 2013

Beautiful night photo of the Tower. L Best regards, Joli

Zygmunt Borowski on November 24, 2013

Great photo - like

Greetings - Zygmunt

tu andy on November 28, 2013

Excellent night shot. YSL 115.265, Greetings

Bajguz Igor on November 29, 2013

Excellent work! Perfect night photo!


With best regards from St. Petersburg,


jades1111 on January 1, 2014

Sehr schön... Beste Neujahrsgrüße + YSL

sharen10 on November 9, 2014

that is such an eerie picture. You can almost imagine what is going on behind the walls :)

Los juegos del hambr… on November 28, 2014

explendido lugar tan magico

Warner Athey on January 14, 2016

Great photo of the tower of London.

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Photo details

  • Uploaded on October 27, 2012
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by Mehmet Güçlü
    • Taken on 2012/07/29 23:44:56
    • Exposure: 0.125s (1/8)
    • Focal Length: 18.00mm
    • F/Stop: f/3.500
    • ISO Speed: ISO1400
    • Exposure Bias: 0.00 EV
    • No flash