Germany - Munich - English Garden - Monopteros

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A monopteros (Ancient Greek:ὁ μονόπτερος from the Polytonic: μόνος, only, single, alone, and τὸ πτερόν, wing) is a circular colonnade supporting a roof but without any walls.[1] Unlike a tholos (in its wider sense as a circular building), it does not have a cella. In Greek and especially Roman antiquity the term could also be used for a tholos. In ancient times monopteroi (Ancient Greek: οἱ μονόπτεροι) served inter alia as a form of baldachin for an idol. An example of this is the Monument of Lysicrates in Athens, albeit the spaces between the columns were walled in, even in ancient times. The Temple of Rome and Augustus on the Athens Acropolis is a monopteros from Roman times with open spaces between the columns. Cyriacus von Ancona, a 15th-century traveller, handed down his architrave inscription: Ad praefatae Palladis Templi vestibulum. In baroque and classicist architecture, the monopteros as a "muses' temple" is a popular motif in English and French gardens. The monopteros also occurs in German parks, although it usually only has four to eight columns. Greater numbers of columns are rarer. The monopteros in the English Garden in Munich and a temple in Hayns Park in Hamburg-Eppendorf are well-known examples. Many wells in parks and spa centres have the appearance of a monopteros. Many monopteroi have staffage structures like a porticus, placed in front of the monopteros. These also have only a decorative function, because they are not needed in order to provide an entrance to a temple that is open on all sides. Many monopteroi are described as rotundas due to their circular floor plan. The tholos also goes by that name. However, many monopteroi have square or polygonal plans, that would not be described as rotundas. An example is the Muses' Temple with the muse, Polyhymnia, in the grounds of Tiefurt House, that has a hexagonal floor plan.

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Comments (58)

Guizel J.c on November 16, 2012

Beautiful picture and perspective



Alfons Van Aerschot on November 16, 2012

Mooi standpunt,Lyke.


Ana Maria Scarpellin… on November 17, 2012

Bom angulo,perspectiva,bela tomada. like 42,abraço Ana Maria.

adriana bruno on November 17, 2012

LIKE, bel punto di vista! Un saluto, Adriana

TheVidaniel on November 18, 2012

LIKE. Amazing colours of the picture makes this scene really fabulous. Daniel.

Dumbrava Laur on November 18, 2012

Superb perspective, excellent details!


Potoka on November 18, 2012

Great perspective. Very good photo.


Greetings from Basque Country (Spain)

mauro1968 on November 18, 2012

Interessante architettura ed ottima prospettiva, LIKE 47! Sinceri saluti, una buona settimana e sempre complimenti per la tua gallery, MAURO :-)

Juan Emilio on November 18, 2012

Like. Best wishes. Juan Emilio

Echeveria :) on November 18, 2012

Impresionante! Me gusta :)

Slаvа2 on November 19, 2012

Amazing perspective and great composition. Like

greetings, Slava

Tomros on November 20, 2012

Lovely composition and great photo.

Like 51.

greetings, Tomas

Hollis chen on November 23, 2012

good composition!! very Nice photo..


Best wishes from Taiwan,HungChu Chen

Erol Barutçugil on November 23, 2012

Excellent perspective. Like. Greetings.Erol

Erhard Bernstein on November 24, 2012

This is a dramatic perspective - Like-54 and best greetings, Erhard

H. A. on November 26, 2012

Very nice perspective. It´s not so easy to find the right position. Well done!! Look this L

Greeting Herta

Maja Go on December 2, 2012

Alireza You took very beautiful photos of

Europe! Thanks for share it! Too,I thank for your

kind visit in my gallery and lovely comments, that

me make very glad! All the best to you, Maya

Christos Theodorou on December 5, 2012

Lovely point of view, wonderful result - Greetings - Christos.

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Photo details

  • Uploaded on November 9, 2012
  • Attribution
    by Alireza Javaheri
    • Taken on 2011/10/12 19:36:47
    • Exposure: 0.004s (1/250)
    • Focal Length: 18.00mm
    • F/Stop: f/8.000
    • ISO Speed: ISO400
    • Exposure Bias: 0.00 EV
    • No flash