The city of Pella was founded by Archelaus I (413-399 BC) or Amyntas III to become the new capital of the Macedonian state instead of Aiges (Vergina). Pella remained the capital until the overthrow of the Macedonian state by the Romans, who transferred the looted treasures at Rome. Later the town was destroyed by an earthquake and then rebuilt.
The oldest reference we have for Pella is by Herodotus in describing the Persian campaign and by Thucydides in the description of the Macedonian expansion and the war against Sitalkis, king of the Thracians. According to Xenophon, in the beginning of the 4th century BC was the largest city in Makedonia. The town has attracted famous artists of the era, such as the painter Zefxis, the poet Timotheus of Miletus and Euripides, who died there writing his tragedy Archelaus. After the violent death of Archelaus the development of the rule was interrupted. The major work was continued after a few decades by Philip II (360-336 BC).
(translated from Wikipedia by C. Theodorou)
The street plan of Pella is one of the finest among the ancient Greek cities, agora-centered, while the hudge palace, from which very few survive, lies at the foot of the hill.
At the new nuseum of Pella (built at 2009) there are a lot of beautiful mosaics (most of them from the hellenistic period) and findings during the excavations
(text by C. Theodorou)