Thessaloniki, fishermen on the coastal road - JAN. 2013 CONTEST

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Thessaloniki (Salonica) is the second largest city of Greece (790,824 inhabitants). The foundation of the city in the hellenistic era coincides with a critical phase in the history of the Macedonian Kingdom, starting from the early death of Alexander the Great and the claim of the throne of the kingdom by his descendants. General Cassander in order to claim the throne, married the half-sister of Alexander the Great, Thessaloniki, in honor of which founded the city uniting 26 townships, located around the Thermaikos Gulf.

Since its founding by Cassander as a thriving hellenistic city until to Ottoman domination leverages its strategic position and developing a multicultural city. Since 1912, with the end of the Balkan Wars and the integration of the region into modern Greek State.

In the second BC century, the city was conquered by the Romans, like the rest of Greek area and was the seat of the Roman theme of Macedonia. The strategic location of the city was seen from the intention of the transfer of the capital of the Roman Empire by Constantine the Great to the east, and was one of the candidate cities which had been suggested as a surrogate of Rome, but Byzantium finally was selected. Despite the non-selection as the capital, acquires the title of reigning city during the Byzantine Period.

After the Ottoman conquest by the Ottomans in 1432, remains in the Ottoman Empire for almost five centuries. With the expulsion of the Jews from the Iberian peninsula, and northern Europe, Thessaloniki acquires its own Jewish community. This installation of the Jews in Thessaloniki, revealed the city as the most important global Jewish metropolis until at least the early 20th century. Especially since the mid-19th century, the city was the most cosmopolitan urban center of the Ottoman Empire and major political movements and pole movements met in its long history.

By joining the trunk of the Greek state in 1912, the city's population shows significant changes with the movement of the Muslim population and its replacement by the refugee populations of Asia Minor and Eastern Thrace. The demographic changes have contributed to changing population status of the city with the aid of the Greek element. The urban and architectural reorganization accelerated by the Great Fire of 1917 and the efforts of the new Greek government to add ancient and European elements in the architectural style of the city, which led to the destruction of several Ottoman ceremonial and functional buildings. The most significant population changes observed with the holocaust of the flourishing Jewish community by Nazi troops at the time of the triple occupation during the Second World War, with the installation of the Anatolian and Thracian refugee population after the Asia Minor Catastrophe in 1922 and internal migration observed during the '50s and later to the major urban centers.

(Translation from Wikipedia by C. Theodorou)

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Comments (257)

Christos Theodorou on March 12, 2013

sylviane.klein - Merci pour votre visite et le commentaire – Amitiés d’ Athènes

EmyKla on April 16, 2013

Very nice scene, like! Thanks for your kind visit, greetings from Italy.

Christos Theodorou on April 16, 2013

EmyKla - Many thanks for your visit and comments – Friendly greetings from Athens

dziwnowik on May 8, 2013

♥ ♥ ♥ ♥ ♥ GOLDEN STAR ♥ LIKE ♥ ♥ ♥ ♥ ♥

♥ ♥ ♥ greetings from Poland , Peter ♥ ♥ ♥


add to group 7 ♥♥♥♥♥♥♥


Christos Theodorou on May 8, 2013

dziwnowik - Many thanks for your visit and comments – Friendly greetings from Athens

Wingertsknorze ! on October 16, 2013

Wonderful shot in B/W. Looks so peaceful (not for the fish!)

like 166 and best wishes, Wingertsknorze

Christos Theodorou on October 16, 2013

© Wingertsknorze - Many thanks for your visit and comments – Friendly greetings from Athens

jRun Panoramio on November 5, 2013

)) Beautiful, warm photo! L+F

vinc107 on November 5, 2013

very nice b&w

L

Christos Theodorou on November 5, 2013

jRun

vinc107


Many thanks for your visit and comments – Friendly greetings from Athens // Merci pour votre visite et le commentaire – Amitiés d’ Athènes

Ada Beerthuizen on December 1, 2013

Very nice picture. I Like this photo in B & W. Greetings, Ada

Christos Theodorou on December 2, 2013

Ada Beerthuizen - Many thanks for your visit and comments – Friendly greetings from Athens

Christos Theodorou on June 17, 2014

> 10.000 views!


Many thanks for your visit and comments – Friendly greetings from Athens - Christos

Yacov Rosenblum on June 28, 2014

Excellent and very nice. Yacov

Christos Theodorou on June 28, 2014

Yacov Rosenblum - Many thanks for your visit and comments – Best regards from Athens

Ladislav Kucharský on August 7, 2014

:-) Like!

Christos Theodorou on August 7, 2014

Lacimaci1 - Many thanks for your visit and comments – Best regards from Athens

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Photo details

  • Uploaded on December 1, 2012
  • © All Rights Reserved
    by Christos Theodorou
    • Camera: NIKON COOLPIX S8200
    • Taken on 2012/11/02 16:36:45
    • Exposure: 0.001s (1/1600)
    • Focal Length: 4.50mm
    • F/Stop: f/3.300
    • ISO Speed: ISO100
    • Exposure Bias: 0.00 EV
    • No flash

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