The statue of Ulisses, marble from Paros, early 1st c. B.C ., height 1.25 m., with hat on his head, was found at the shipwreck of Antikythera.
(informations from the site of the museum)
ΤΗΕ ANTIKYTHERA SHIPWRECΚ
This temporary exhibition (04/2012 – 04/2013) of the National Archaeological Museum of Athens is dedicated to the shipwreck discovered off the islet of Antikythera. Almost aΙΙ of the finds are presented in their context for the first time. The wreck was found by sponge divers from the island of Symi and its recovery was the first Iarge - scaIe, successful, archaeological underwater enterprise. Upon its discovery the divers from Symi, aided by the Greek Royal Νaνγ, raised α great number οf antiquities over 1900- 1901. The second attempt was underwater by the Greek Archaeological Serνice, supported by Jacques - Yves Cousteau and his oceanographic ship, "Calypso", in 1976.
Three hundred and seventy eight (378) ancient works of art and coins from the collections οf the National Archaeological Museum and the Nomismatic Museum, and parts of the ship itself from the Ephorate for Underwater Archaeology highlight the great importance and wealth of its cargo as well as the knowledge of ancient shipbuilding and navigation.
There are 82 fragments of the Antikythera Mechanism, known as the "World's First Computer".
ΤΗΕ SHIP ΑΝΟ ΤΗΕ TREASURES
The shipwreck off the eastern coast of Antikythera is dated to 60-50 BC, α period during which maritime trade and transportation of works of Greek art from the Eastern Mediterranean to Italy flourished. Its cargo dates from the 4th tο the 1st century BC. The ship wαs a freighter of about 300 tons capacity and was sailing towards Italy.
Bronze and marble sculpture, luxurious glass vessels and golden jewellery, α large amount of pottery and bronze couches formed part of its cargo. Amongst these the famous ''Antikythera Mechanism" still contributes an enormous amount to our knowledge of ancient Greek technology and astronomy.
Constructed in the second half of the second century BC, the Mechanism comprises gears, scales, ax¬les, and dials. The inscriptions on the surface of the Mechanism refer to astronomicαl and calendar calculations, while the inscriptions on its metal protective plates contain instructions for its use.
The Antikythera Mechanism is the earliest pre¬served portable astronomical calculator. It displayed the positions of the Sun, the Μoon and most probably the five planets known in antiquity. It was used to predict solar and lunar eclipses, it kept an accurate calendar of many years, and dis¬played the date of Pan - HeIIenic games (Olympia, Nemea, Isthmia, Delphi and Dodoni).
(Text extracted from the brochure of the National Archaeological Museum of Athens).